Bibliography: “Vengeance of the Lord” and “Wandering Jew” Traditions

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From their first appearance in the mid-fourteenth century until as late as 1622, plays of the destruction of Jerusalem are known to have been performed in six different languages (German, French, Italian, Spanish, English, and Latin) to the delight of audiences in dozens of communities scattered across the Continent.


REFERENCE:


BIBLIOGRAPHY:

The “Vengeance of the Lord” and “Wandering Jew” Traditions


“As Alvin E. Ford has pointed out, the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries were witness to a flurry of texts in the Vengeance of Our Lord tradition: “Verse versions, prose versions, chansons de geste, mystery plays, book-length documents and one-page résumés, all attest to the widespread diffusion of the apocryphal Vengeance of Our Lord throughout the medieval Christian world.” Of Old and Middle French prose versions alone, Ford identifies fifty-four (and counting) manuscripts, “representing nine independent but interrelated traditions,” the primary works being La Vengeance de Nostre-Seigneur and Roger d’Argenteuil’s Bible en François.18 Wright, studying the representation of Jerusalem’s destruction in medieval drama, comments (p. 1) on the surprising popularity of the story in drama during this same period:

From their first appearance in the mid-fourteenth century until as late as 1622, plays of the destruction of Jerusalem are known to have been performed in six different languages (German, French, Italian, Spanish, English, and Latin) to the delight of audiences in dozens of communities scattered across the Continent. Indeed, French performance records indicate that, over the course of more than two centuries, only the story of Christ’s Passion was staged more frequently than the Vengeance of Our Lord. By the late sixteenth century, dramatizations of the siege of Jerusalem, most of which required from two to four days to perform, had spread from their earliest homes in Thuringia and Burgundy to the Tirol, Savoy, the Italian Briançonnais, Switzerland, England, and Castile.

Even within the relatively small corpus of late Middle English poetry, we have at least four extant poems that focus primarily on the Vengeance of Our Lord: the alliterative poem of Siege of Jerusalem here edited, two versions (one short, one long) of the rhyming-couplet Titus and Vespasian, and a translation of Roger d’Argenteuil’s Bible en François. ” Edited by Michael Livingston

SIEGE OF JERUSALEM: BIBLIOGRAPHY

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  • Aquinas, Thomas. Catena aurea: Commentary on the Four Gospels, Collected out of the Works of the Fathers by S. Thomas Aquinas. Trans. Mark Pattison, J. D. Dalgrins, and T. D. Ryder. Oxford: John Henry Parker, 1841-45.

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  • —. St. Augustin: Homilies on the Gospel of John; Homilies on the First Epistle of John; Soliloguies. In Schaff, A Select Library, vol. 7.

  • —. Saint Augustin: Expositions on the Book of Psalms. In Schaff, A Select Library, vol. 8.

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  • —. Many Mansions: An Introduction to the Development and Diversity of Medieval Theology. Kalamazoo, MI: Cistercian Institute Publications, 1996.

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  • —. Alliterative Revivals. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2002. [See chapter 5: “Profiting from Precursors in The Siege of Jerusalem.”]

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  • —. “The Authenticity of the Z-text of Piers Plowman: Further Notes on Metrical Evidence.” Medium Ævum 56 (1987), 25-45.

  • —. “Final –e and the Rhythmic Structure of the B-Verse in Middle English Alliterative Poetry.” Modern Philology 86 (1988), 119-45.

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  • The “Gest hystoriale” of the Destruction of Troy: An Alliterative Romance Translated from Guido de Colonna’s “Hystoria Troiana” Edited from the Unique Manuscript in the Hunterian Museum, University of Glasgow. Ed. George A. Panton and David Donaldson. EETS o.s. 39, 56. London: N. Trübner, 1869-74.

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  • Hamel, Mary. “The Siege of Jerusalem as a Crusading Poem.” In Journeys toward God: Pilgrimage and Crusade. Ed. Barbara N. Sargent-Baur. Kalamazoo, MI: Medieval Institute Publications, 1992. Pp. 177-94.

  • Hanna, Ralph, III. “Contextualising The Siege of Jerusalem.” Yearbook of Langland Studies 6 (1992), 109-21.

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  • —, and David Lawton. See Siege of Jerusalem.

  • Hebron, Malcolm. The Medieval Siege: Theme and Image in Middle English Romance. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1997. [See chapter 5: “The Siege of Jerusalem.”]

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  • Jacobus de Voragine. Legenda aurea. Ed. Johan Georg Theodor Grässe. Dresden: Impensis Librariae Arnoldianae, 1846.

  • —. The Golden Legend. Trans. Granger Ryan and Helmut Ripperger. New York: Arno Press, 1969.

  • —. Legenda aurea: Edizione critica. Ed. Giovanni Paolo Maggioni. 2 vols. Rev. ed. Millennio Medievale 6, Testi 3. Florence: SISMEL, Edizioni del Galluzzo, 1998.

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  • Langland, William. Piers Plowman: The A Version, Will’s Visions of Piers Plowman and Do-Well. Ed. George Kane. London: Athlone Press, 1960.

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  • Lawton, David. “Titus Goes Hunting and Hawking: The Poetics of Recreation and Revenge in The Siege of Jerusalem.” In Individuality and Achievement in Middle English Poetry. Ed. O. S. Pickering. Woodbridge, UK: D. S. Brewer, 1997.

  • —. “Sacrilege and Theatricality: The Croxton Play of the Sacrament.” Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies 33 (2003), 281-309.

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  • —. Concordia (The Reconciliation of Richard II with London). Ed. David R. Carlson, with verse translation by A. G. Rigg. Kalamazoo, MI: Medieval Institute Publications, 2003.

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  • —. The Siege of Jerusalem in Its Physical, Literary and Historical Contexts. Dublin: Four Courts Press, 2000.

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  • —. “Social Conscience and the Poets.” In Social Unrest in the Late Middle Ages. Ed. Francis X. Newman. Medieval & Renaissance Texts & Studies 39. Binghamton, NY: Medieval & Renaissance Texts & Studies, 1986. Pp. 113-48.

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  • The Siege of Jerusalem. Ed. Eugen Kölbing and Mabel Day. EETS o.s. 188. London: Oxford University Press, 1932. [Based on copy L.]

  • —. Ed. Thorlac Turville-Petre. In Alliterative Poetry of the Later Middle Ages: An Anthology. Washington, DC: Catholic University of America Press, 1989. Pp. 158-69. [Based on copy D, but limited to lines 521-724.]

  • —. Ed. Ralph Hanna and David Lawton. EETS o.s. 320. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003. [Based on copy L.]

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  • Titus and Vespasian, or, the Destruction of Jerusalem in Rhymed Couplets. Ed. John Alexander Herbert. Roxburghe Club 146. London: The Roxburghe Club, 1905.

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  • La Vengeance de Nostre-Seigneur: The Old and Middle French Prose Versions. Ed. Alvin E. Ford. 2 vols. Studies and Texts 63, 115. Toronto: Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies, 1984-1993. [The first volume discusses and edits families A and B of the French tradition; the second volume completes the study by discussing and editing families C to I.]

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  • —. Ed. Hoyt N. Duggan and Thorlac Turville-Petre. EETS s.s. 10. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1989.

  • Whiting, Bartlett Jere, with the collaboration of Helen Wescott Whiting. Proverbs, Sentences, and Proverbial Phrases from English Writings Mainly before 1500. Cambridge, MA: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1968.

  • Wright, Stephen K. The Vengeance of Our Lord: Medieval Dramatizations of the Destruction of Jerusalem. Studies and Texts 89. Toronto: Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies, 1989.

  • Wynnere and Wastoure. See The Parlement of the Thre Ages.

  • Yeager, R. F. “Pax Poetica: On the Pacifism of Chaucer and Gower.” Studies in the Age of Chaucer 9 (1987), 97-121.

  • The York Plays: The Plays Performed by the Crafts or Mysteries of York on the Day of Corpus Christi in the 14th, 15th, and 16th Centuries. Ed. Lucy Toulmin Smith. New York: Russell & Russell, 1963.


 

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  • 2009: Kenneth L. Gentry The Book of Revelation Made Easy
  • Timothy P. Weber  On the Road to Armageddon: How Evangelicals Became Israel’s Best Friend hy do evangelicals care so much about Israel? How did this special relationship develop? What has it produced? Certain understandings of Bible prophecy have profoundly shaped the way evangelicals and other Americans view Israel and the political policies that have supported the Jewish state. Now in paperback, this major work on an ever timely theme is for anyone interested in American-Israeli relations, history, theology, and politics. “Timothy Weber’s important and timely book illuminates the end-times beliefs that shape millions of Americans’ view of current events. Well-researched and historically grounded . . . This disturbing work deserves the widest possible readership.”
  • 2017: Francis X. Gumerlock  Exposition of the Apocalypse by Tyconius of Carthage  The Exposition of the Apocalypse by Tyconius of Carthage (fl. 380) was pivotal in the history of interpretation of the Book of Revelation. While expositors of the second and third centuries viewed the Apocalypse of John, or Book of Revelation, as mainly about the time of Antichrist and the end of the world, in the late fourth century Tyconius interpreted John’s visions as figurative of the struggles facing the Church throughout the entire period between the Incarnation and the Second Coming of Christ. Tyconius’s “ecclesiastical” reading of the Apocalypse was highly regarded by early medieval commentators like Caesarius of Arles, Primasius of Hadrumetum, Bede, and Beatus of Liebana, who often quoted from Tyconius’s Exposition in their own Apocalypse commentaries. Unfortunately no complete manuscript of the Exposition by Tyconius has survived. A number of recent scholars, however, believed that a large portion of his Exposition could be reconstructed from citations of it in the aforementioned early medieval writers; and this task was undertaken by Monsignor Roger Gryson. Gryson’s edition, a reconstruction of the Expositio Apocalypseos of Tyconius, was published in 2011 in Corpus Christianorum Series Latina. The present translation of that reconstructed text, with introduction and notes, exhibits Tyconius’s unique non-apocalyptic approach to the Book of Revelation. It also shows that throughout the Exposition Tyconius made use of interpretive rules that he had laid out in an earlier work on hermeneutics, the Book of Rules, strongly suggesting that Tyconius wrote his Exposition as a companion to his Book of Rules. Thus, the Exposition served as an exemplar of how those rules would apply to interpretation of even the most intriguing of biblical texts, the Apocalypse.