BOOKS: BIBLICAL STUDIES (1500BC-AD70) / EARLY CHRISTIAN PRETERISM (AD50-1000) / FREE ONLINE BOOKS (AD1000-2008)
Relations and the Book of Revelation
By Todd Dennis, Curator (Futurist: 1979-1996; Full Preterist: 1996-2006; Idealist: 2006-Forevermore)
Faithfully Criticizing Dispensationalism and Christian Zionist Rapture Views
"It is mortifying to remember that I not only held and taught these novelties myself, but that I even enjoyed a complacent sense of superiority because thereof." Philip Mauro
"My prayer is not that you take them out of the world but that you protect them from the evil one." Jesus
Paige Patterson, president of Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary and a dispensational premillennialist: "The present state of Israel is not the final form. The present state of Israel will be lost, eventually, and Israel will be run out of the land again, only to return when they accept the Messiah as Savior." (Radio debate with Gary DeMar)
"Armageddon Now" Theology & Christian Zionist Politics
Pro-Dispensationalism | Dispensationalist Dementia
FOR QUESTIONS ON WHETHER EXPLORING THESE ISSUES IS ANTI-SEMITISM, REFER TO THE "ANTISEMITISM" ARCHIVE
STUDY ARCHIVES: Amillennialism | Apocalyptic | Christian Zionism | Dispensationalism | Eschatology | Hermeneutics | Historicism | Idealism | Millennial Reign of Christ | Preterism | New Covenant Theology | Postmillennialism | Premillennialism | Pre-Tribulational Rapture | Reconstructionism | "Seventy Weeks" | Parousia | Universalism | J.N. Darby | Jerry Falwell | Thomas Ice | Tim LaHaye | Hal Lindsey | C.I. Scofield | Jack and Rexella Van Impe | John F. Walvoord | Christian Zionism and Salvation for the Jews | Philip Mauro: The Gospel of the Kingdom & The Hope of Israel
Are you a Christian
Zionist? Take the litmus test: "Do you believe that the modern state of
Israel is a fulfillment of Bible prophecy?"
Christian Zionism: The Tragedy and The Turning | How Evangelicals Became Israel's Best Friend
4/9/14: Why Christian Zionism is nothing short of outright heresy "Christian Zionism, the belief that the current Zionist state of Israel is an unambiguous portent of the imminent return of Christ, is said to be the largest growing cult in America. With some 70 million Christian evangelicals in the U.S. (a large proportion subscribing to Christian Zionist beliefs), unconditional support of Israel on religious grounds translates into massive lobbying power in a country where the “religious right” has seen itself as the leaders in a fight against the infidels of secularism, Islam, socialism and any one else in their way."
2012: The Dispensational View of Double Fulfillment of Prophecy "So, Joel McDurmon and Gentry (and we could add DeMar and other postmillennialists to the list) are on record as rejecting the Dispensational “double fulfillment” view of prophecy. So after rejecting and condemning the Dispensationalists for positing the Double Fulfillment of prophecy, McDurmon not only affirmed Double Fulfillment, he affirmed Many Fulfillments!"
2012: The Importance of Revelation’s Date | Against Dispensationalism "Our blog seeks to explain, promote and defend postmillennialism, which is optimistic about the future conquest of the gospel of Jesus Christ."
INTRODUCTION TO THE
Does Dispensationalism use a "Literal" Hermeneutic? | Margaret Macdonald's Original Pre-tribulation Vision | Why the Early Church Fathers Finally Rejected Premillennialism | Forty Percent of Americans Believe in a Jesus/Satan Showdown at Armageddon | Millennial Expectations through the centuries
FEAR TACTICS TIED TO THE IDEOLOGY OF RELIGIOUS DOMINATION
The Dispensationalist view of Bible prophecy teaches that the nation of Israel is still waiting for its kingdom and King, as well as the reception of the inheritances of the biblical 'Abrahamic Covenant'. Accordingly, they teach, the Second Coming and Great Tribulation are right around the corner to settle affairs.
Those endorsing "Rapture Theology" represent the most vocal Christian sect in America today. This view, built upon an extremely Right Wing political theory, attaches itself to Israel theologically, convinced that the State of Israel is "God's Chosen Nation". Watching current events very closely, they believe that war in Syria will hasten the second coming of Jesus Christ. Besides being terribly racist and dangerous, this doomsday theology has been rejected throughout the history of Christianity, and is repudiated in the New Testament.
SO-CALLED "LITERAL METHOD" OF INTERPRETATION
Dispensationalists, in order to protect this doctrinal novelty, celebrate a "literalist" approach to Scripture. In order to prove or disprove this method of Biblical interpretation, it must be closely examined. I recommend starting with the following work on the question of hermeneutics:
How should the Prophecies to Israel be Interpreted?
(Philip Mauro, "Hope of Israel")
The issue of interpretive method is of utmost importance. Driving this point home is Postmillennialist James Snowdon: "It was the literalizing of the Jewish prophecies concerning the Messiah and His kingdom that led the Jews off into views and hopes of the Messiah that were false and cruelly disappointing... It was the literal interpretation of their scriptures that blinded the Jews to their own Messiah" (The Coming of the Lord, 198-199)
HISTORICITY OF RAPTURE VIEW LACKING !
"But it is not correct to say, as Premillenarians do, that it was generally accepted in the first three centuries. The truth of the matter is that the adherents of this doctrine were a rather limited number. There is no trace of it in Clement of Rome, Ignatius, Polycarp, Tatian, Athenagoras, Theophilus, Clement of Alexandria, Origen, Dionysius, and other important Church Fathers." (Louis Berkhof, The History of Christian Doctrines [London: The Banner of Truth Trust, (1937) 1969], 262).
"An intensive examination of the writings of pretribulational scholars reveals only one passage from the early fathers which is put forth as a possible example of explicit pretribulationalism." (William Everett Bell, "A Critical Evaluation of the Pretribulation Rapture Doctrine in Christian Eschatology").
“Those who are anti-Semitic will go to eternal damnation.”
The People of God, the Land of Israel, and the Impartiality of the Gospel - Among Signatories: R. C. Sproul, Gary DeMar"At the heart of the political commitments in question are two fatally flawed propositions. First, some are teaching that God's alleged favor toward Israel today is based upon ethnic descent rather than upon the grace of Christ alone, as proclaimed in the Gospel. Second, others are teaching that the Bible's promises concerning the land are fulfilled in a special political region or "Holy Land," perpetually set apart by God for one ethnic group alone."
Charles D. Alexander
Pastor J. S. Brown
Joseph M. Canfield
Curtis I. Crenshaw
Jack Van Deventer
Greg Loren Durand
G. Richard Fisher
Ovid Need Jr.
Charles D. Provan
H. Speed Wilson
A. One Taken, One Left: A Standard Rapture Proof Text - Matthew 24:37-39
The following passage is used to teach that Christians will be taken away at the return of Christ. Only the Matthew version is used, though, as the Lukan version tells an entirely different story:
Matthew - "But as the days of Noe were, so shall also the coming of the Son of man be. For as in the days that were before the flood they were eating and drinking, marrying and giving in marriage, until the day that Noe entered into the ark, And knew not until the flood came, and took them all away; so shall also the coming of the Son of man be."
It is claimed that Noah's family are those taken away, but it is apparent in Luke 17 that it was those who were eating and drinking, etc.:
Luke 17:26-27 - "And as it was in the days of Noe, so shall it be also in the days of the Son of man. They did eat, they drank, they married wives, they were given in marriage, until the day that Noe entered into the ark, and the flood came, and destroyed them all."
Dispensationalism teaches that Israel and the church are eternally distinct, in order to support this theory, they take single concepts and divide them into two - one relating to the church, and one relating to Israel. This view creates a distinction between the biblical phrases 'Kingdom of Heaven' and the 'Kingdom of God.'
"It is to be noted that the dispensationalists, in their effort to make the Epistles (and also the later part of the Gospels) agree with their theory have resorted to the strange expedient of saying that the phrase "Kingdom of God" meant the Kingdom of Jewish hopes at first, but after it was "rejected," and "withdrawn," the term was used with a different meaning. Of course, no proof in support of this is cited; for there is none." Philip Mauro - The Gospel of the Kingdom
“The thought of the kingdom is prominent in the Old Testament; and the passage which naturally suggests itself is Dan. 2:44 where we read: ‘And in the days of those kings shall the God of heaven set up a kingdom which will never be destroyed.’ This will be the kingdom of the God of heaven. Consequently, it is quite as proper to abbreviate it to ‘the kingdom of heaven’ and the ‘kingdom of God,’ as it is that ‘the ark of the covenant of the LORD’ should be called ‘the ark of the covenant’ and ‘the ark of the LORD’ (e.g., Josh. 6:6-8). That the two expressions are equivalent is indicated especially clearly by the fact that they are used in synonymous parallelism in Mt. 19:23, and also because three of the parables which appear in Mt. 13 as parables of the kingdom of heaven (the Sower, the Mustard Seed, and the Leaven) appear in Mark or Luke as parables of the kingdom of God.” Oswald T. Allis, The Church in Prophecy p. 67
Ephesians 5:5 "For this you know with certainty, that no immoral or impure person or covetous man, who is an idolater, has an inheritance in the kingdom of Christ and God.
C. Christ Would Have Established A Temporal Kingdom at the First Advent
The greatest confusion and leaps of common sense and doctrine seem to come in a discussion of the Dispensational model of the 'millennial kingdom' of Christ. This kingdom is defined by the view as an earthly yet spiritual kingdom, where 'God will join the spiritual and the earthly in a full display of His glory on this earth.' (Basic Theology, C. Ryrie, p. 510) Christ, so they say, will sit upon the temporal throne of David in earthly Palestine, yet 'sacrifices will again be offered in a temple which will be built and in operation during the Millennium.' (ibid.) From a Preterist point of view, it is the unwillingness to see the point of view of the eternal. A similar mistake by "Israel after the flesh" cost them their kingdom (Matt 21:43) (See How Are The O.T. Prophecies of Blessing To Israel To Be Interpreted?).
Certain doctrinal problems develop with such a view, not the least of which is the necessity of the blood of Christ for the "cancellation of all debts and the proclamation of liberty to captives." On this point, Grant Jeffrey, author of multiple best-selling Dispensationalist books, finds himself having to swallow a very bitter pill:
"When Jesus Christ came to earth two thousand years ago He presented to both the Jews and Gentiles a genuine, bona fide offer of the Kingdom of heaven on earth if they would accept Him as their Messiah-King. If they had chosen to accept Jesus and crown Him as their Messiah on Palm Sunday, A.D. 32, He would have entered the Eastern Gate and announce the restitution of all things, the cancellation of all debts and the proclamation of liberty to the captives. It was a genuine possibility that Israel could have accepted Him as Messiah and He would have ushered in the millennial Kingdom. Somehow, Jesus would have been crucified at some later point to fulfill the prophecy and provide salvation of all those who repent of their sins. If mankind had accepted Christ at His first coming, Daniel's seventieth week would have immediately followed the close of the sixty-ninth week without a break." - Apocalypse, Grant Jeffrey, p. 33-34
D. Dispensationalism is mentioned in the New Testament?
Ephesians 3:2 If ye have heard of the dispensation of the grace of God which is given me to you-ward:
OTHER VERSIONS SHOW ACTUAL INTENT
Ephesians 3:2 if indeed you have heard of the stewardship of God's grace which was given to me for you; | Ephesians 3:2 Surely you have heard about the administration of God's grace that was given to me for you, | Ephesians 3:2 assuming that you have heard of the stewardship of God's grace that was given to me for you
Israel's unholy alliance with US right - "the section in Revelations 20 that predicts the doom of the present world and the second coming of Christ ... These are the preconditions for the "rapture."
2008: IsraelENews: Why aren`t evangelicals denouncing Pastor John Hagee? "Hagee's also a fervent supporter of the State of Israel against its Muslim neighbours. But he doesn't bother to tell Jews that Christians of his ilk expect all Jews to convert to Christianity. If they don't, such end-times Christians believe Jews will suffer eternal damnation when Jesus returns in the Last Judgment. "
2008: Christian Zionist Leader Hagee in Unprecedented Appearance at Reform Temple "When Rabbi Woznica asked the Reverend if he was a literalist, he said that he was and that he did believe that the world was really created in six days and that Noah’s ark was real. On the other hand, in response to a follow-up question from Rabbi Woznica, Reverend Hagee said that he does not believe a Sabbath-breaker ought to be stoned to death, referring to Biblical laws as ‘word pictures’ that indicate ‘principles.’'
2008: John McCain accepts endorsement of Hagee "John McCain is so anxious to get the support of the Theopublicans that he is jumping into bed with some pretty loony individuals. This short report on his endorsement from televangelist John Hagee is one example. Hagee is a proponent of the dulusional theory of "dispensationalism" which was invented in England by John Darby in the 1800s. Darby brought his theology to America where a large percentage of fundamentalists embraced it with enthusiasm. One result of dispensationalism is that American fundamentalists are more Zionist than the Zionists themselves -- as you will see here."
2007: Joshua Mitnick - Evangelicals’ New Reach In Jewish Agency Criticized "Rabbi Eckstein.. said that until now Jewish groups have been happy to accept IFGC funding and now the group is receiving the recognition it deserves. "It feels like we’re losing control," said Rabbi Haim Dov Beliak, a co-founder of the Web site Jews on First, which criticizes the growing influence of the Christian right and Christian Zionist groups in America. "Those who will be in charge of the Zionist enterprise will not be Jews, but the senior partners with the most money,"
2006: Among Evangelicals, Kinship with Jews "Since that day five years ago, according to Eckstein, the Tabernacle has sent more than $175,000 to the fellowship, which has a donor base of 400,000 Christians and has contributed more than $100 million to Israeli causes. "
2005: Evangelicals Get a Piece of the Promised Land - "On hand was Dr. Paul Crouch, president of Trinity Broadcasting Network, a worldwide giant in Christian broadcasting, and Jay Sekulow, the head of the American Centre for Law & Justice, a Christian-based law firm founded by the Rev. Pat Robertson."
2005: Letters to the Editor on "The Gods Must Be Crazy" "After reading this excellent article, now I understand. And I'm scared to death. These radical evangelical Christians actually believe that the faster we destroy the earth and our environment, the faster the "second coming of Christ" will happen. I no longer believe in a "second coming" (although I do believe in God and an afterlife, just not in the black-and-white way that fundamentalists view it). But with 50 million Americans, according to this article, and 231 U.S. senators and representatives believing in this crazy "End Times" theology, all working to hasten the end of the earth, they just might pull the rest of us along with them down the path of environmental destruction and the end of the ability of the earth to sustain life."
Christian Zionism : Israel's Best Weapon ? " it favored "the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people,"was perhaps the single most important act premised in Christian Zionism."
2002: US Christians aid Israel
2002: Christians Hit Theological Rift With Mideast Policy - "This situation transcends the capacity of any local church to respond," says Christianity Today's Mr. Morgan. .. In the 1967 [Six Days War], many Christians saw it as huge confirmation that the Bible is true, prophecy is fulfilled. Here, they're saying, ''maybe peace in the Middle East will never be achieved."
2002: Miller - Israel and End-Times Fiction
2002: Ron Dreher - Jews and Evangelicals Together
2000: Tom Valentine - "Dispensationalism" Impacting U.S. Policy
2000: Gary North - Unannounced Reason Behind Fundamentalism's Support of Israel
1998: Timothy Weber - How Evangelicals Became Israel's Best Friend - "The State of Israel has no better friends than American evangelicals. So it seemed to Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu when he addressed the Voices United for Israel Conference in Washington, D.C., in April 1998. Most of the 3,000 in attendance were evangelicals, including Ralph Reed of the Christian Coalition, Kay Arthur of Precept Ministries, Jane Hanson of Women's Aglow, and Brandt Gustavson of the National Religious Broadcasters. (Jerry Falwell and Pat Robertson supported the conference but did not attend.) Netanyahu told the conference: "We have no greater friends and allies than the people sitting in this room."
1998: Andrew Corbett - Considered the most hated people in the world
1987: Allen Brownfeld - Religious Right and the Middle East
Christians Rally for Israel in Washington "And I want you to know," Olmert told his audience, "how much we need your friendship and support and how much we respect these expressions of support that come from this evangelical community of great believers and lovers of Zion. We are partners. We are friends. ... G-d bless all of you. G-d bless America."
America's New Christian Zionists | Israeli Extremists and Christian Fundamentalists | Politics of Apocalypse | New Zionists | Powell Attack Dispys | Christians Support Construction of Jewish Temple? | Palestine belongs to? | Christian Coalition | Repudiating Christians who support Israel? | Will Fundamentalist Jews and Christians Ignite Armageddon? | Because Bible Says So | | WRMEA | Christian Millennial Expectations | False Prophecies of JW
Online Journal - The Iron Fist of Jesus - "Fundamentalist Christians, adherents to a nauseating perversion of Christianity (conjured from their twisted imaginations and their distorted interpretations of the Bible) wield a significant amount of power in the United States, socially and politically. In short, Fundamentalist Christians are the people whom the real Jesus would have hammered with his Iron Fist, if he had had one, and if he had been inclined to use it. Fortunately for them, Warrior Jesus is simply a myth the Christo-Fascist masters use to keep their minions in line. Unfortunately for the rest of us, America's religious extremists are as dangerous as those in the Middle East and around the globe. Just in case there is an Iron Fisted Jesus and an impending Rapture, I am signing off by wishing you a Merry Christmas!"
Christian Zionism and the Palestinian State "America is slowly realizing that it is the American Zionists – Christians and Jewish – that actually prefer Israel to America. They conspired to conscript the U.S. government on behalf of a foreign power. They lied, deceived and planned to take America into a spiral war - the Iraqi invasion being the first of that long list of yet-to-take dirty wars - to apparently secure and strengthen the rogue state of Israel."
Christian Zionism: Terror in Jesus' Name - "Christian Zionism is a call for global war. The belief that Christianity is the sole truth, that all other faiths are 'Satanic' or 'false', that the Jews must all gather in Palestine to fulfil so-called Biblical prophecies, and that a grand global war will soon erupt leading to the massacre of hundreds of millions and heralding the 'second coming' of Jesus, who will establish his Christian kingdom extending till the four corners of the world, clearly indicate the hate-driven, global expansionist project of Christian Zionism. "
Mixing Prophecy and Politics in the Holy Land - Jane Lampman for CSM "Ray Sanders and his wife, Sharon, grew up on farms in the American Midwest, but Israel has long been their home. Their journey began in the 1970s, when they read Hal Lindsey's apocalyptic bestseller, "The Late Great Planet Earth," which laid out a scenario for the end of the world according to a literal interpretation of Bible prophecies. "That awakened our understanding to Israel and its prophetic role in the Last Days," Mr. Sanders explains in his spacious Jerusalem office. "That was a real paradigm shift in our lives." -- (Premillennial Dispensationalism) divides history into eras (dispensations) based on a complex interpretation of biblical texts in books such as Daniel, Ezekiel, and Revelation. Most other Christian groups view these prophecies as predictions fulfilled long ago or as visions with a purely symbolic or spiritual meaning. But premillennialists insist they will occur on earth in the future."
Muslim American Society: Apocalypse Bush! "The End Times provide the ultimate meaning, the final straw, the only thing worth caring about, because it defines the BushCo worldview like nothing else except maybe embarrassing grammar and crushing deficits and a secret craving for gin."
Israel's unholy alliance with US right - "the section in Revelations 20 that predicts the doom of the present world and the second coming of Christ ... These are the preconditions for the "rapture.".
In tough times, Israel finds a friend in Evangelicals "During an exuberant opening ceremony for the weeklong Feast of Tabernacles conference organized by the International Christian Embassy, more than 3,000 pilgrims from dozens of countries displayed their love of the Jewish state, its people and its policies."
More Jews welcome Evangelical Support "Fundamentalist Christian support of Israel, taken to its logical conclusion, is a statement that the Jewish people must cease to exist and accept Christ as their savior," he said. "In one way, Israel and those who love Israel are grateful to have Christian support. On the other hand, to understand it fully means to understand that essentially it's rooting for our demise."
The Bible is their 'Road Map' - Christian Zionists meet to plan strategy to spoil Bush's peace plan
Pat Robertson gets ovation over Israel comments at temple - "Rev. Pat Robertson, a television evangelist who founded the Christian Coalition, told a synagogue audience last night that his support for the state of Israel is not based on theology.."
An unholy alliance with the Christian Right "Evangelist Christians from South Carolina paid for the huge billboard on the Ayalon Highway declaring "There's no land for peace." TV evangelist Pat Robertson last week reprimanded Foreign Minister Silvan Shalom, saying "Who do you think you are, handing Jerusalem over to Arafat?"
2003: Why Christians Support Israel "Undeterred by the ongoing Israeli/Palestinian conflict and the widespread hostility toward Christians in the Middle East, throngs of Christians immigrate each year to the Holy Land. Indeed, Israel is the only state in the Middle East where the Christian population is actually growing."
The double-edged Evangelical embrace "the importance of the return of Jewish people to Israel is a major sign pointing to the “end times”
Mideast conflict begins anew old debate on end times Washington Times "The bloody conflict in the Middle East is again turning some evangelicals to the Bible for texts that speak of a final cosmic battle in those ancient lands. Some scholars and religious leaders warn against being too literal."
12/12/12: Another Year, Another Would-Be Apocalypse "Apocalypses use images of end times as a way of shaping present action. John, for instance, wanted his audience to reject claims of political “beasts” that promise wealth, status and luxury, and to imagine the possibility of becoming a community, a “New Jerusalem,” marked by divine compassion and the healing of nations."
Why the Apocalypse Is So Compelling "The reasons behind why apocalyptic movements suddenly gain traction tell us a lot about ourselves and our society. We think about the end not merely during times of stress, but during times of uncertainty. That said, we can all look forward to the next round of apocalyptic hysteria in 2012."
Allies for Armageddon (2007) "For armies of eager decoders of bible prophecy, the signing of the Balfour Declaration and General Allenby's conquest of Jerusalem had little to do with righting a historic injustice or with winning the war, but everything to do with Jesus's Second Coming." (p. 123)
Do todays earthquakes and storms point to Christs Second Coming A new book, The Book of Truth Volume One, claims to contain divine messages from Jesus Christ given to the author warning of the end times which are near. is a serious position within the Evangelical community. For you disbelievers (including my students) I have included a picture of their booth at the Evangelical Theological Society meeting in Milwaukee, where I am today. I did not just make this stuff up."
Is This the final move towards the destruction of Jerusalem? "As the conflict escalates between Israel and Gaza, one cannot help but wonder if this will turn into the final, decisive conflict." November 17, 2012
The End of Prophecy in AD70 "In teaching Revelation last year and preaching it at the Winema Week of Missions last summer, I have talked about this new preterism (what I call neo-preterist). The usual response: people can’t believe this
Israel and prophecy writers are in the news again "Contrary to dispensationalism’s future holocaust, preterists believe that Jesus predicted that a great tribulation would take place within a generation of the prophetic discourse He gave on the Mount of Olives. For forty years, Jesus’ disciple preached the gospel throughout the Roman Empire warning Jews everywhere of the coming judgment. Those living in Judea at the time were warned to flee before the judgment. Just like Jesus predicted, the judgment of Jerusalem came by way of the Roman armies led by Titus. Those who heeded Jesus’ warning survived."
Kingdom through Covenant: A (dispensational) Review "Two profs from Southern Seminary published a biblical theology earlier this year that “fell like a bomb on the playground of the [biblical] theologians,” particularly disrupting the contented play of those of us hailing from either one of the two traditional camps—i.e., dispensational and covenant theology. In it the authors, one a systematician (Stephen Wellum) and the other an OT scholar (Peter Gentry), argue for a middle way between these traditional polarities, calling their view progressive covenantalism."
Chuck Smith Says the End is Near – AGAIN! | American Vision Chuck Smith is predicting that the end is near – again! At a three-day conference, with 8000 in attendance and the usual suspects misinforming thousands about Bible prophecy, Smith, the founder of Calvary Chapel, delivered “a strong message of hope in a fallen world,” the Christian Post reported.
Harold Camping: I Won't Predict Apocalypse Again "America's favorite doomsday prophet issued a belated apology letter yesterday, admitting he was wrong about the rapture coming on May 21 . (No specific mention of his subsequent prediction"
Don't you fret about the end of the world Philip Schroeder, San Antonio Preterist "There are people today, who spend all their time with a Bible in one hand and their newspaper in the other, worrying about the future so much that they are doing nothing to improve the present."
12-21-2012 Just Another Day 12-21-12 is just the end of the Mayan calendar cycle, as December 31st is "the end" of our calendar cycle for the year
Huff Post, Michael Meade, D.H.L. Why the World Doesn't End "While the raw energies of life may become uncovered and the troubles of the world may intensify, there is a simultaneous possibility that hidden meanings might become revealed and new ways of proceeding become discovered. Part of the revelation of the end-times is that things do not actually end altogether. The "world as we know it" may come to an end; that has happened many times before. Yet the fiery conclusion of all of creation, so greatly feared and seemingly near at hand, never quite arrives. The final judgment keeps being postponed and the literal end of time remains an unfulfilled prediction. "
The Dispensational View of Double Fulfillment of Prophecy "So, Joel McDurmon and Gentry (and we could add DeMar and other postmillennialists to the list) are on record as rejecting the Dispensational “double fulfillment” view of prophecy. So after rejecting and condemning the Dispensationalists for positing the Double Fulfillment of prophecy, McDurmon not only affirmed Double Fulfillment, he affirmed Many Fulfillments!"
2002: David Corn - Inhofe's Pro-Armageddon Politics : Why Conservative Christians Back a Genesis-Inspired Mid-East Peace Map (2002) “One of the reason I believe the spiritual door was opened for an attack against the United States of America,” Inhofe huffed, “is that the policy of our government has been to ask the Israelis, and demand it with pressure, not to retaliate in a significant way against the terrorist strikes that have been launched against them.”
‘End Times’ Religious Groups Want Apocalypse Soon - LA Times “In Christian theology, the first thing that happens when Christ returns to Earth is the judgment of nations,” said Hagee, who wears a Jewish prayer shawl when he ministers. “It will have one criterion: How did you treat the Jewish people? Anyone who understands that will want to be on the right side of that question. Those who are anti-Semitic will go to eternal damnation.”
Some Fundamentalists Ache for Armageddon - "Its time to bring out into the open one of the largest political supports for Israeli radicals and debate how some religious leaders, particularly the Reverends Falwell and Robertson, push support for the most militant, settler lobbyists in Israel and against the Israeli peace groups such as led by the murdered Yitzak Rabin. Many fundamentalist leaders have crossed the line from forecasting Armageddon to trying to bring it about. Their alliance with the Zionist radicals is very two sided, each thinks it is using the other for its greater benefit."
JewishJournal: Hagee’s speech backing Israel alarms some "But that reaction ignores the fact that Christian Zionists like Hagee are increasingly trying to affect U.S. Mideast policy. The biblical perspective shaping that activism offers only more war and new holocausts for the Jews, not the peace that Israelis crave."
Lusting After Apocalypse - "The Rapture is a racket," Barbara Rossing accuses unapologetically in her 2004 book The Rapture Exposed. In this bold study, Rossing outlines how the theology of the Left Behind series represents a very real danger because of its promotion of ethnocentric mentalities, irresponsible environmental ethics and a militaristic political agenda in America. The most disturbing example she gives is in the realm of Middle East politics. Premillennial dispensationalists believe that the Bible names the rebuilding of Israel as a necessary precursor for Christ's return. So was born an American fundamentalist movement known as Christian Zionism, which unilaterally supports the expansion of the modern state of Israel. This alliance between Christian and Jewish Zionists is deeply ambivalent, however, as the former also believes that Christ will not return until the great suffering of Israel and the eventual conversion of his chosen people. Besides their obvious offensiveness to Jews, Rossing points out that such groups look forward to "tribulation and war in the Middle East, not peace plans."
America Obsessed with Future Apocalypse
Seattle P-I: I'll gladly stay behind "A neighbor recently insisted I read the Left Behind series. "Especially now after 9/11," he said, "and the blessed countdown for the Rapture has begun." "Why are you so ... well, cheerful, about the end of the Earth?" I asked him."
Newton's Strange Bedfellows "Every century since the Book of Revelation (the Apocalypse) was voted into the New Testament has been marked around its beginnings and ending by an outbreak of "these are the last days" thinking and prophesying in the churches and their offshoots. Beware of any preacher, astrologer, or visionary who proclaims that "this is it." Newton was dead wrong and so are all the would-be apocalyptic experts today."
Media Monitors: Uses and Abuses of Bible Prophecy (Rossing Influenced by DeMar) - "Mainline Christians left the last book of the Bible, the book of Revelation to the fundamentalists for interpretation. As a result, Revelation theology became the dominant, Christian interpretation - a prophetic, apocalyptic interpretation - that fuels a lucrative prophecy industry."
Don't Know Much "I continue with commentator Nicholas Kristof and his protest against the Left Behind series of books authored by Tim LaHaye and Jerry Jenkins, which preaches the death of all people except the Christian Zionists. Kristof ridiculed the idea of the end of days, pointing out that those predicting an apocalypse have a "long and lousy" record."
Reaching to the Choir
CSM: The End of the World "Today, as belief in this end-times prophecy sees a resurgence among Americans - partly because of the phenomenal success of the "Left Behind" series of novels (58 million sold) and the disturbing "signs" of terrorism and war - Mr. Currie and others are seeking to refute the apocalyptic theology."
TIME: Cover Story: Apocalypse Now "For evangelical Christians with an interest in prophecy, the headlines always come with asterisks pointing to scriptural footnotes."
TIME: The Bible and the Apocalypse "Since Sept. 11, people from cooler corners of Christianity have begun asking questions about what the Bible has to say about how the world ends, and preachers have answered their questions with sermons they could not have imagined giving a year ago"
Once Upon End Time
Oregon Live! -
Miss. Clarion Ledger - End of Times: Faithful see signs... (again) "This war in the Middle East has a different feeling from the other wars," says the Rev. Jason Dillon, associate pastor of of Parkway Pentecostal Church in Madison. "I believe the end of times is much closer now. There has been no shortage of fulfilled prophecies, including "earthquakes, pestilences, famines," Dillon says. "We've seen it all."
Times UK - As scientists predict scientifict disaster, others foresee Apocalypse "Sales of apocalyptic literature have grown hugely in recent times: the doom boom is nigh. While scientists give warning of scientific disaster — Atlantic hurricanes, a new European ice age as the Gulf Stream dies, the disintegration of the Antarctic ice shelf — others foresee Apocalypse, Armageddon and Rapture, the bodily ascent to Heaven of the saved. A recent poll in Newsweek showed that some 55 per cent of Americans believe in the Rapture, and more than a third believe that the world will end as predicted in the Book of Revelation. The 12 novels in the Left Behind series of Christian apocalyptic fiction have sold more than 63 million copies. "
Codfish Press: End Game for the End Times - "Is anyone listening? Are these signs of the apocalypse detailed in the Book of Daniel, the Gospel of Matthew and the Book of Revelation, or are we just having a global stretch of bad luck? "
MI News: Quakes, Pandemic, Floods = Second Coming? MichNews - "The Church Age will conclude with the Battle of Armageddon in the Valley of Megiddo in the northwestern section of Israel. At height of the Battle, Christ will return to Earth with His angels and the redeemed of all time. They will establish a millennial reign upon the planet. Christ will be regarded as King of Kings and Lord of Lords. All of this is planted in the Scripture and researched by serious Bible students. They can see the Bible come to life daily when hearing the news. They can put "two and two together" as never before. It’s amazing. "
Baptist Standard - Bumper crop of disasters wratchets up "Rapture Index" - "Not all Christians have jumped on the rapture bandwagon. Many see it as a modern twisting of what they believe biblical prophecy really is--not so much predictive as prescriptive. Barbara Rossing, a New Testament professor at the Lutheran School of Theology in Chicago, is familiar with the website but doesn't think it holds much appeal for Christians like her who have condemned the Left Behind series and argue the rapture is not a biblical concept. She wrote The Rapture Exposed: The Message of Hope in the Book of Revelation. (Rapture Ready fella Terry) James is familiar with the criticism, and it doesn't shake his confidence in the rapture. "I'm of the opinion that every Christian will go (in the rapture), regardless of the state of their walk with Jesus," he said. "We're all in God's family."
SacBee: Time of the Signs - "These are busy days for Pastor Nathaniel Wilson. He believes they may also be his last. 'I believe we are in the end times because the Scripture tells us so,' says Wilson, founding pastor of The Rock Church, a thriving Pentecostal church on the outskirts of Elk Grove.. The pastor is overseeing a new 92,000-square-foot sanctuary that is scheduled to break ground next month and is expected to complete construction in a year."
Doomsayer heaven "In trying to create one overarching interpretation, they are not allowing for the complexity of the biblical witness to come through," he says. "The irony is, in their quest for accuracy, biblical literalists are forced to misread the Bible."
Red Heifer Days "Our eschatological heifer story begins on the Temple Mount in Jerusalem, where tens of millions of Jews, Muslims, and Christians believe the central events of each tradition's Last Days will play out"
CSM: Mixing Prophecy and Politics in the Holy Land - "Ray Sanders and his wife, Sharon, grew up on farms in the American Midwest, but Israel has long been their home. Their journey began in the 1970s, when they read Hal Lindsey's apocalyptic bestseller, "The Late Great Planet Earth," which laid out a scenario for the end of the world according to a literal interpretation of Bible prophecies. "That awakened our understanding to Israel and its prophetic role in the Last Days," Mr. Sanders explains in his spacious Jerusalem office. "That was a real paradigm shift in our lives."
MCNews: In the Works: Jerusalem Temple - "Therefore, with this US Republican Congresswoman strongly entrenched in her project, evangelical Christians, all along, are watching most interestingly for they consider such occurrences as part of biblical prophecy unfolding. And the more biblical signs unfold, the more evangelical Christians perceive the onrush toward the Second Coming of Christ. The evangelicals keep researching their Scriptures, sharing notes and scanning the daily news headlines. The erection of the next temple would certainly fit in grandly with all of that."
Village Voice: In Line for the Rapture "The Apostolic Congress, a Christian Zionist movement, has some attentive ears in the White House. How much influence do they wield on American policy in Israel?" Affiliated with the United Pentecostal Church, the Apostolic Congress is part of an important and disciplined political constituency courted by recent Republican administrations. As a subset of the broader Christian Zionist movement, it has a lengthy history of opposition to any proposal that will not result in what it calls a "one-state solution" in Israel."
Rapture Index (Mad Theology!) "The Rapture Index "precursors" (including "Antichrist") are on earth even AFTER the point in time for a "pretrib" rapture, are fulfilled DURING the seven-year tribulation period, and actually point to ONLY the (posttribulation) Second Coming to earth and not to any sort of "pretribulation" coming - a concept that NO church before 1830 ever taught!"
Lebanon and the Christian Zionist Apocalypse "When Israel began bombing Lebanon this summer, participants of the Rapture Ready web message forum welcomed the conflagration as a sign of the apocalyptic End Times anticipated by some evangelical and fundamentalist Christians in the United States
Holy Land churches attack Christian Zionism “The Christian Zionist programme provides a world view where the Gospel is identified with the ideology of empire, colonialism and militarism,” said the declaration, accusing Christian Zionists of hurting hopes for Middle East peace.
Many Americans Uneasy with Mix of Religion and Politics "A recent national poll of over 2,000 Americans found that the majority of white evangelical Protestants and those in the South support the belief that the state of Israel was given to the Jewish people by God. Among the surveyed religious groups, white evangelical Protestants stand out with 69 percent supporting the belief that God gave Israel to the Jewish people, according to the survey released by The Pew Forum on Religion & Public Life last week. Moreover, a full 59 percent subscribe to the belief that Israel is the fulfillment of biblical prophecy. The views were also well accepted among black protestants with 60 percent believing Israel was given to the Jews by God and 56 percent believing Israel fulfills the prophecy of the second coming. "
US support for Israel soars after Hizbullah war "Some 42 percent of Americans believe "Israel was given to the Jewish people by God," while 35% said they believed the state of Israel was "part of the fulfillment of biblical prophecy about the second coming of Jesus."
US Attacks in MidEast unwanted around world - "Cheney and a powerful right-wing Christian lobby apparently want to provoke a war with Iran and Syria. Sydney Blumenthal, writing in the Nation, reveals that a new right-wing Christian lobby -- which has easy access to the White House -- encourages Israel's expansion and aggression as it coincides with its own end times, Armageddon philosophy. "
Uruknet: AIPAC, The Middle East, and American Foreign Policy (Rodrigue Tremblay is professor emeritus of economics at the University of Montreal) "So-called Christian Zionists also have a significant influence on American foreign policy, especially as it relates to the Middle East. Their propaganda has been so successful that today, forty percent of Americans believe that Israel was directly given to the Jewish people by 'God'. One third of Americans even believe that the creation of the state of Israel, in 1948, was a step towards the 'Second Coming of Jesus Christ' and the 'End of the world'.
2/10/12: The Importance of Revelation’s Date | Against Dispensationalism "Our blog seeks to explain, promote and defend postmillennialism, which is optimistic about the future conquest of the gospel of Jesus Christ."
1/28/12: World will survive latest end-date "Madness about the world ending this year has increased to the point where, if you Google December 21, 2012, you get over two billion hits."
1/12/11: A Brief Critique of Dispensationalism - The following is a brief, yet potent, argument against the errors of the Eschatological doctrine commonly known as Dispensationalism by Richard Jones.
Author Stands Up for Israel, Yet Claims it Has No Special Prophetic Role - Christian Newswire "Publisher Gerald Christian Nordskog points out that modern-day Israel does not represent the chosen people of the Old Testament, which was divorced by God in 70 AD through the Great Tribulation Destruction of Jerusalem and the Jewish Temple by the Romans."
Mideast action at U.N. casts spotlight on Christian Zionism CNN: ""As a Christian I have a clear directive to support Israel," Republican presidential candidate Rick Perry said in New York on Tuesday, after delivering a speech blaming the U.N. and President Barack Obama for the Palestinian statehood push. A U.S.-based group called Christians United for Israel, meanwhile, this week organized a campaign of more than 45,000 e-mails of support to Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu."
Woman sues state over mandatory 'mark of the beast' (2011) "A demand by the state of Oklahoma for people to submit to biometric digital photographs, which are stored and shared without their knowledge in order to obtain a driver's license is a violation of the state's residents' religious rights"
9/2/11: Pravda: Gov. Rick Perry wrong about Israel and prophecy "The Apostle Paul uses the same word "elements" in the Greek to refer to religious beliefs and principles (Colossians 2:20). The "heavens" represent God's relationship to Judaism. All this will be permanently done away with upon Christ's return accompanying the destruction of the Jewish Temple and Jerusalem (which occurred in 70 A.D.) " // Comment: "Why do hyperpreterists continually narrowly define Greek words to suit their presuppositions? The context is "the earth" and "heavens destroyed." Go back to verse 5. What earth is being spoken of there? Was the flood that destroyed the elements in Noah's time also figurative? The "present heavens and earth" (v. 7) is the contextual setting. Where is the plain passage that tells us that "heavens" is "God's relationship to Judaism?"
Beck Is Not Pushing For The Destruction Of Jerusalem But ... "Others are apparently concerned that Beck is one of the small minority of extremist Christian Zionists who are actively looking to cause trouble in the area to hasten the fulfillment of biblical policies. In fact, according to Beck, one reporter went as far as asking him whether he was pushing for "the destruction of Jerusalem to hasten the return of the Messiah."
6/13/11: Malawian Man Sentenced For Wrongly Predicting End Of The World It's bad enough that the world didn't end on May 21 for followers of Christian fringe group leader Harold Camping, but things got worse for a Malawian disciple who pleaded guilty for distributing false leaflets about the end of the world. Saduki Mwambene, a 39-year-old bicycle repairman, got six months"
5/24/11: Preacher says world will actually end in October A California preacher who foretold of the world's end only to see the appointed day pass with no extraordinarily cataclysmic event has revised his apocalyptic prophecy, saying he was off by five months and the Earth actually will be obliterated on Oct. 21.
5/20/11: Everyday Rapture Some are convinced that The Rapture will occur on May 21, 2011. But days and hours are the provenance of God, not man, and in a way Raptures happen every day, in many ways.
5/20/11: The Biblical Nature of Hoppean Monarchism by Ryan Bassett "Recently, after having read a preterist interpretation of the Book of Daniel something leapt out of the page. There appears to be a biblical basis for the Hoppean thesis of the corrupt nature of Democratic mob rule as opposed to the somewhat lesser tyranny of traditional monarchism. Notice the following excerpt from a discussion regarding the prophesy of the 7th chapter of Daniel"
5/20/11: Judgment Day 'Rapture Parties' planned as evangelist Harold Camping predicts huge earthquake Harold Camping is certain that Saturday is Judgment Day - and just in case he’s right, some Americans are making the most of their time left with ‘Rapture Parties’ across the country.
5/19/11: 'Rapture' Movement Predicts End of the World on Saturday A loosely organized Christian movement has spread the word around the globe that Jesus Christ will return to earth on Saturday to gather the faithful into heaven. While the Christian mainstream isn't buying it, many other skeptics are milking it.
What can we learn by comparing the old and new covers of Left Behind It’s unlikely that you haven’t heard of the Left Behind series of Christian fiction. Since 1995, the epic, 12-book apocalyptic fantasy series written by Tim LaHaye and Jerry Jenkins has sold more than 63 million copies in many languages.
Preacher spawns the latest apocalypse movement Christian radio host Harold Camping is garnering national attention for his numerology predicting the Second Coming of Christ this year.
The Ninety-Five Theses Against Dispensationalism "Contrary to dispensationalists’ view of the mark of the beast, most of them seeing in the beast’s number a series of three sixes, the Bible presents it not as three numbers (6-6-6) but one singular number (666) with the total numerical value of “six hundred and sixty-six” (Rev 13:18b)." (Don't Forget About Earliest Witness to the Number of the Beast: 616)
STRATEGIC IMPLICATIONS OF AMERICAN MILLENNIALISM (2008 PDF) By Army Major Brian L. Stuckert / Premil Response: "This is an emergency that we all must act on and right now. This posting is an United States Army report about the literal believers of the Bible and how they affect American foreign policy. It is the most dangerous document to believers that I have ever read in my entire life. After reading this document, it is easy to see the next step would be to eliminate our Constitutional rights and herd us into concentration camps." (John McTernan) "This report is so outrageous that I called and spoke Colonel Stefan Banack who is the Director, School of Advanced Military Studies and responsible for this study (I listed his telephone number above and recommend that you call him.) He acknowledged the study and DEFENDED it! The conversation was extremely heated between us, and he hid behind the freedom of speech to produce it. He refused to let me write an article to refute this attack on Bible believers."
Latest credible Osama bin Laden release: 1/24/10 "The Osama bin Laden audio message released to Al-Jazeera on 24 January 2010 contains specific language used by bin Laden in his statements in advance of attacks," IntelCenter said in a statement. He warned the United States that, "God willing, our attacks against you will continue as long as you maintain your support to Israel."
Catherine Rolfson: Lusting After The Apocalypse (2005) "Barbara Rossing is one Christian scholar who isn't afraid to admit it. "The Rapture is a racket," she accuses unapologetically in her 2004 book The Rapture Exposed. In this bold study, Rossing outlines how the theology of the Left Behind series represents a very real danger because of its promotion of ethnocentric mentalities, irresponsible environmental ethics and a militaristic political agenda in America. The most disturbing example she gives is in the realm of Middle East politics. Premillennial dispensationalists believe that the Bible names the rebuilding of Israel as a necessary precursor for Christ's return. So was born an American fundamentalist movement known as Christian Zionism, which unilaterally supports the expansion of the modern state of Israel. This alliance between Christian and Jewish Zionists is deeply ambivalent, however, as the former also believes that Christ will not return until the great suffering of Israel and the eventual conversion of his chosen people. Besides their obvious offensiveness to Jews, Rossing points out that such groups look forward to "tribulation and war in the Middle East, not peace plans."
Wilkinson predicts imminent catastrophe; 'Earth-shattering calamity about to happen'... (2009) David Wilkerson, author of "The Cross and the Switchblade," a book about his ministry to troubled New York street kids that was later made into a movie starring Pat Boone, tells readers of his blog this weekend that he is "compelled by the Holy Spirit to send out an urgent message" about his prediction. "An earth-shattering calamity is about to happen," he writes. "It is going to be so frightening, we are all going to tremble – even the godliest among us." Wilkerson's vision is of fires raging through New York City. "It will engulf the whole megaplex, including areas of New Jersey and Connecticut. Major cities all across America will experience riots and blazing fires – such as we saw in Watts, Los Angeles, years ago," he explains. "There will be riots and fires in cities worldwide. There will be looting – including Times Square, New York City. What we are experiencing now is not a recession, not even a depression. We are under God’s wrath. In Psalm 11 it is written, "If the foundations are destroyed, what can the righteous do?"
Brian Abshire: Christian Eschatology: The Irrelevance of the Modern Nation State of Israel to Biblical Prophecy (2008) "One of the recurring features of popular evangelical eschatology is the almost unconditional support for the nation of Israel based on what is claimed to be Biblical prophecy. The argument goes something like this; since the Jews are God’s chosen people, and God gave the land of Israel back to modern day Jews in 1949, therefore, Christians are morally required to support the nation state of Israel, regardless… Many Christians see the re-establishment of the nation of Israel in 1949 to be some sort of “prophetic” event signaling the beginning of the end times. This led some writers in the seventies to predict that the Second Coming MUST happen sometime BEFORE 1988 (”88 Reasons the Rapture Will Happen in 88″) since that would be “one generation” (40 years) after Israel had been gathered out of exile."
David Corn - Inhofe's Pro-Armageddon Politics : Why Conservative Christians Back a Genesis-Inspired Mid-East Peace Map (2002) “One of the reason I believe the spiritual door was opened for an attack against the United States of America,” Inhofe huffed, “is that the policy of our government has been to ask the Israelis, and demand it with pressure, not to retaliate in a significant way against the terrorist strikes that have been launched against them.”
Jeffrey Billman - Apocalypse Now (2003) "Liberal Christian scholars (and some conservatives, including Book) read the Book of Revelations figuratively, theorizing that its prophecies pertained only to Christians in first-century Rome. And evangelicals — who make up 20 to 25 percent of Americans — disagree on the timing and existence of the Rapture."
Irshad Manji - In Tehran Hurry (2006) "The weapons of mass destruction have been found. They’re people with unshakeable faith in the coming showdown between good and evil. Left in their hands, the world is headed for a clash of Armageddons."
Craig Unger - American Rapture - Tim LaHaye (2006) "Best-selling author and evangelical leader Tim LaHaye has contacts that extend to the White House. That could spell trouble, since his theology espouses a bloody apocalypse in Israel"
A Historical Critique of Dispensationalism, Zionism, and Daniel's Prophecy of 70 Weeks - Mark Dankof, Politician
Christian Scholars gather to study dangers of Zionism | Sabeel Conference "Sabeel Jerusalem director, Rev. Canon Naim Ateek, said Christian Zionism "is a worldview where the Gospel is identified with the ideology of empire, colonialism, and militarism."
Zionism vs. The Bible - Thomas Williamson " The duty of Christian churches today is to seek the well-being of Jews according to the flesh, Romans 9:3. We will accomplish that, not by lobbying for the territorial expansion of Israel, but rather by preaching the Gospel and planting churches, thereby giving all Jews and Gentiles an opportunity to enter the heavenly Jerusalem for all eternity."
Temple Mount Faithful Update "In the name of all the Faithful Movement and the people of Israel Gershon stated that the Temple Mount and Jerusalem, the heart of the Israeli nation will never fall again. Then, for the first time since the destruction of the temple in 70CE, a priest blew on a silver trumpet that the Movement has reconstructed for the Third Temple according to the Biblical law."
Chavez said that U.S. backing of Israel is putting world on course for “Holocaust.” - "Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez said Friday that U.S. backing of Israel is responsible for flaming tensions in the Middle East and putting the world on course toward another “Holocaust.”“ The fundamental blame falls again on the U.S. empire. It’s the empire that armed and supported the abuses of the Israeli elite, which has invaded, abused and defied the United Nations for a long time” “I’ll seize this opportunity to condemn categorically and fully the aggression that the Israeli elite is carrying out against innocents over there in the Middle East,” he said.
Paul Findley: Control of US Policies by the Israeli Lobby (Paul Findley, Republican Member of Congress 1961-83, is the author of three books on the Arab-Israeli conflict, including the bestseller They Dare to Speak Out: People and Institutions Confront Israel’s Lobby. He resides in Jacksonville, Illinois.) "Christian Zionists are not as tightly organized as the Judaic ones, but they are vastly more numerous. They total 50 million Americans, perhaps more. Although they constitute a minority of U.S. Christians, they have attained great political power as prominent supporters of George W. Bush's presidential campaigns.
Russian President Putin on "the Apocalypse" - "It will all end in 4.5 billion years," Putin said. "The Sun's [nuclear reaction] will end, but before that it will turn into a White Dwarf ... I don’t believe the world will end this year."
JerusalemPost: Because the Bible Says So - "Israel Solidarity Rally," which took place in Washington, DC on April 15 earlier this year. Parshall, host of "Janet Parshall's America", is an evangelical Christian and devoted supporter of Zionism and Israel. Parshall said, "We stand with you now and forever We will never limp, we will never wimp, we will never vacillate in our support of Israel We stand together with our Jewish brothers and sisters."
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