The trial of the Unitarians, for a libel on the Christian religion
(Minor Fulfillment of Matt. 24/25 or Revelation
Oswald T. Allis
John A. Broadus
Wilhelm De Wette
Charles Homer Giblin
Johann von Hug
J, F, and Brown
Jean Le Clerc
Jack P. Lewis
Sir Isaac Newton
Dr. John Owen
William W. Patton
Rudolph E. Stier
(Major Fulfillment of Matt. 24/25 or Revelation
John L. Bray
Dr. John Brown
Francis X. Gumerlock
J. Marcellus Kik
Ovid Need, Jr
Milton S. Terry
(Virtually No Fulfillment of Matt. 24/25 & Revelation in 1st
C. - Types Only ; Also Included are "Higher Critics" Not Associated With Any
Alan Patrick Boyd
John N. Darby
Charles G. Finney
J.P. Green Sr.
John N.D. Kelly
Dr. John Smith
George Fox |
Margaret Fell (Fox) |
PRETERIST UNIVERSALISM |
A Crack in the Theory "Archeological finds all over the Judean desert show that Jews throughout the Roman conquest were fleeing towards the Dead Sea area and were bringing and hiding their valuables there."
"The members of the Jerusalem church by means of an oracle, given by revelation to acceptable persons there, were ordered to leave the city before the war began and settle in a town in Peraea called Pella." (Eusebius: Book III, 5:4)
Did Christians flee due East from Jerusalem? If so, they likely passed right by Dead Sea Scroll Caves -- possibly depositing some..
"Qumran was for its time fairly accessible, the archeologists argue. There were two donkey-accessible main roads, one directly to Jerusalem, and another to Jericho and on to Jerusalem."
Cave Four scrolls reflect Jamesian Christianity According to Eisenman and Wise - At least, a "holiness" splinter group following "The Teacher of Righteousness"
Eisenman/Wise - The Dead Sea Scrolls Uncovered (1992)
The First Complete Translation And Interpretation of 50 Key Documents Withheld For Over 35 Years
From Cave 4
"And we recognize that some of the blessings and curses have come, (24) those written in the Bo[ok of Mo]ses; therefore this is the End of Days"
(Second Letter on Works Reckoned as Righteousness; Terminology used "in Palestine from the 40s to the 60s" )
George Wilkins, D.D.
(b. May 1785 - d. 13 Aug 1865)
CHAPLAIN TO THE EARL OF KINNOULL
AND VICAR OF LOWDHAM AND LEXINGTON, NOTTINGHAMSHIRE
Archdeacon of Nottingham
The History of the Destruction of Jerusalem as
Connected with the Scripture Prophecies
Matchless Study on 1st
Century Prophetic Study
prophecies of the Old Testament referring to the former destruction of
Jerusalem by Nebuchadnezzar, were most of them fulfilled a second time by
Titus; indeed, they appear to bear a particular reference to this latter
Josephus, as well as the author of the Acts, mention the
Egyptian false Prophet, who coming to Jerusalem, collected a great
multitude; and PROMISED to shew them, from the Mount of Olives, that at his
command, the walls of the city should fall down; but Felix sent a body of
soldiers against them, when being, put to flight, most of them perished.
Thus, the exact fulfilment of the various circumstances
which were to precede the destruction of Jerusalem, as clearly foretold the
approaching judgment of heaven, as the mission of the Baptist could intimate
the coming of the Messiah; nor was the declaration of John, " that one,
mightier than he, was about to come after him," more explicit, than the
occurrence of these particular circumstances; in assuring the nation of the
Jews, when they should see all these things happen, they might know that
their destruction was near, " even at the doors." (p. 76)
"WE have now seen in what a remarkable manner the
memorable words of Christ and the Prophets have been fulfilled by the signal
overthrow of the Jewish church and nation. We have seen the Romans
unexpected spectators of the dissentions of the people, and the ambition of
their leaders witnessing the sparks of faction, kindled to ablaze, and
unchecked by the hostile aspect of a warrior army marching to their gates—we
have seen them enduring distress and anguish, calamity, and torture,
unequalled in the annals of history, and never to to be paralleled again. "
Their blood has been shed " out like water;" their Temple " consumed with
fire," their city depopulated, and their country laid desolate.
Such has been the exemplary punishment inflicted on this
disobedient people, who having rejected the Lord's Messiah and slain his
servants, have themselves been forsaken by their God, and destroyed by
famine and the sword."
Soon after the tribulation of these days," saith our
Saviour to his disciples, when taking a prophetic view of those sufferings
which many of his zealous servants should endure; " soon after the
tribulation of these days, the violence of persecution shall abate." (pp.
"Maimonides calls this metaphorical expression "
proverbial, importing (as it often does in the Old Testament and other
writings) the destruction and utter ruin of a nation, and the downfall of
their great powers." The destruction of Egypt is thus represented by
Ezekiel,—I will cover the Heavens and make the stars thereof dark, I will
cover the sun with a cloud and the moon shall not give her light, and the
bright lights of Heaven will I make dark over thee. ixii. 7, S, See
destruction, and a more than Egyptian darkness shall come upon them—when
their kingdom shall have been left desolate, and their religious light
obscured—when the people shall have fallen, and the powers of their kingdom
shaken—when these tokens of my appearance to execute this judgment shall
have happened, and there shall have been great lamentation, and the tribes
of the earth have mourned—when the fulfilment of all these things shall have
been as apparent as if I came in the clouds of heaven to give the world the
assurance that this judgment was authorised by me—when thus the Jewish
power, and their opposition to the Gospel shall have been brought to an end;
then will I commission my servants to proclaim and publish salvation to the
world at large, and they shall raise an army of believers from the four
quarters of the world, from one end of the earth to the other. When these
things begin to come to pass, be confident and joyful: behold! your
deliverance from persecution is rapidly approaching, and the kingdom of
heaven is drawing near at hand !" (p. 171)
Ordained 1810, Curate of Great Plumstead 1808, Curate of
Hadleigh, Suffolk 1808 - 1815, Vicar of Laxton, Nottinghamshire 1813 - 1817,
Vicar of Lowdham, Nottinghamshire 1815 - 1839
Vicar of St. Mary's Church, Nottingham 1817 - 1843
Prebendary of Southwell Minster 1823 - 1865, Rector of Wing, Rutland 1827 -
1839, Archdeacon of Nottingham 1832 - 1865, Rector of Beelsby, Lincolnshire
1843 - 1865
George Wilkins came from a family of architects. His brother William
designed several famous buildings including the National Gallery in London.
His father was estate architect to the head of the Pierrepont family, who
since 1806 had been styled the Earl Manvers.
In accepting the incumbency of St. Mary's, George Wilkins took on a parish
with an enormous workload and limited financial resources. In his first
year, he and a single curate between them took 1,127 baptisms and 897 burial
services. In addition there were marriages and churchings in a parish of
33,000 souls. The vicar of St. Mary's also had extensive civic duties.
Corporation elections were solemnised in church and national events demanded
special services, but these events did not confer much prestige on Wilkins.
The powerful local Corporation was dominated by Nonconformists. The small
number of bishops also created problems; confirmations of Nottingham folk
were usually held in St. Mary's, as the building could hold the largest
number of people. Confirmations often exceeded 4,000 people at a time.
The first full year of Wilkins incumbency coincided with the Government
establishing the Million Fund, a grant of one million pounds for the
building of churches in populous areas. Wilkins secured money for the
building of St. Paul's Church, on George Street, which opened in October
1822. Other churches which Wilkins formed out of St. Mary's parish were Holy
Trinity, opened in 1841 and St. John's Leenside, 1844.
During his incumbency, he had to deal with not only the strength of the
Nonconformists in Nottingham but the demise of the church rate. This
struggle took a great toll on him. The lack of a church rate impoverished
St. Mary's but Wilkins found funds to complete a scheme to renovate the
interior of St. Mary's in 1838/39. This enlarged the seating capacity in the
body of the nave, placed the pulpit centrally in full view of the
congregation, and brought the reading-desk some way down the central aisle
so that everybody could hear the Gospel. The galleries were done away with
to improve the acoustics, the organ moved to the west-end and the chancel
cut off to form a separate area for special services.
In 1842, when all the money was spent, it was discovered that the piers of
the central tower were not solid masonry, but an outer casing containing
builders' rubble. Cracks appeared, the architect L.N. Cottingham, was
summoned and the church was closed on Christmas day. Part of the church must
have re-opened shortly afterwards. In March 1843, an incident famous in
Nottingham history was the final straw for Wilkins. The congregation
panicked during a service and stormed out of the church, fearing its
imminent collapse. A crowd gathered on Sneinton hill to watch, but it didn't
fall. The church remained closed until 1848.
Wilkins resigned as vicar of St. Mary's and was succeeded by Joshua Brooks
in 1843. However, he continued in his role as Archdeacon of Nottingham.
Adapted with kind permission from The Anglican Church in the Industrialised
Town, St. Mary's Parish, Nottingham 1770-1884 M.W.Bowen MA, M Phil,
University of Nottingham, October 1997
An Address to the Parishoners of St. Mary's Regarding the Building of a
Second Edifice |
St. Mary's Nottingham
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