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Church-State Relations and the Book of Revelation
By Todd Dennis, Curator (Futurist: 1979-1996; Full Preterist: 1996-2006; Idealist: 2006-Forevermore)

The Roman Caesars | Lives of the Caesars: Vespasian | Lives of the Caesars: Titus

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[Image: Emperor Vespasian]
Statue head of Vespasian

Emperor Titus

Titus Flavius Sabinus Vespasianus
(A.D. 40-81)

"the delight and darling of the human race"

Sole Emperor of the Roman Empire 79-81

Lives of the Caesars: Titus | Father Vespasian | The Arch of Titus | Triumph of Titus and Vespasian | Tapestries of Titus and Vespasian | Titus and Bernice | Jerusalem Besieged By Titus Vespasian | 1791 La Clemenza di Tito by Mozart | The Triumph of Titus | The Fall of Jerusalem and The Roman Conquest of Judea | The Roman Siege of Jerusalem | The Epigraphical Evidence for the Reigns of Vespasian and Titus (PDF) | Darkness and dawn, or, Scenes in the days of Nero : an historic tale of the Days of Nero (and the youth of Titus) | The Destruction of Jerusalem by Titus Vespasian

Seit der Zerstörung des jüdischen Tempels in Jerusalem durch die Römer im Jahre 70 n. Chr. leben die Juden in der Diaspora, also verteilt in aller Welt. Die Hoffnung auf einen eigenen Staat geben sie jedoch nie auf.

Comment by Emperor Titus on the Capture of Jerusalem

Emperor Titus Vespasianus - Flavius Philostratus II (c.170-244/249): The Life of Apollonius - Chapters 29-34 (Commissioned prior to 217) focus on Apollonius' contacts with Vespasian's son and crown prince Titus. Apollonius writes a letter of eulogy of Titus for having refused to be crowned after the fall of Jerusalem (6.29) : " After Titus had taken Jerusalem, and when the country all round was filled with corpses, the neighboring races offered him a crown; but he disclaimed any such honor to himself, saying that it was not himself that had accomplished this exploit, but that he had merely lent his arms to God, who had so manifested his wrath; and Apollonius praised his action, for therein he displayed a great deal of judgment and understanding of things human and divine, and it showed great moderation on his part that he refused to be crowned because he had shed blood. Accordingly Apollonius indited to him a letter which he sent by the hands of Damis and of which the text was as follows..."

Apollonius sends greetings to Titus the Roman general.

Whereas you have refused to be proclaimed for success in war and for shedding the blood of your enemies, I myself assign to you the crown of temperance and moderation, because you thoroughly understand what deeds really merit a crown.

Now Titus was overjoyed with this epistle, and replied:

In my own behalf I thank you, no less then in behalf of my father, and I will not forget your kindness; for although I have captured Jerusalem, you have captured me.

"It is no exaggeration to say that the Fall of Jerusalem is the most significant national event in the history of the world."  B.F. Dunelm, p.9

Josephus Being Presented to Vespasian by Titus

TITUS, of the same surname as his father, was the delight and darling of the human race; such ability had he, by nature, art, or good fortune, to win the affections of all men, and that, too, which is no easy task, while he was emperor; for as a private citizen, and even during his father's rule, he did not escape hatred, much less public criticism. He was born on the third day before the Kalends of January [December 30, 41 C.E.], in the year memorable for the death of Gaius, in a mean house near the Septizonium and in a very small dark room besides; for it still remains and is on exhibition.


     This is the beginning of the Latin inscription on this triumphal column dedicated to Titus, who led the siege against Jerusalem. The abbreviation "LEG-X-FRE" appears at the bottom, indicating that the column was erected by the Tenth Roman Legion. Most likely, this column stood at on of the entrances to the Roman temple in Jerusalem. The column was discovered as part of the foundation to a Moslem palace south of the Temple Mount." (Picture by Zev Radovan)


Titus Entering the Holy of Holies in the Second Temple in Jerusalem (70)


Titus Vespasianus
by Wayne Blank

"Jesus left the Temple and was going away, when His disciples came to point out to Him the buildings of the Temple. But He answered them, "You see all these, do you not? Truly, I say to you, there will not be left here one stone upon another, that will not be thrown down." (Matthew 24:1-2 RSV)
The destruction of the Herodian Temple (see Temples) occurred about 40 years later, in 70 A.D., just as Jesus Christ said that it would. The commander of the Roman forces that committed the devastation was Titus, who later became the Roman emperor in 79 A.D. His likeness is shown on the Roman coin in the photograph.

Humble Beginnings, Rise To Power

Titus was born on December 30, 39 A.D. in Rome, a child of Vespasian, who was Roman emperor from 69-79 A.D. (see New Testament Roman Emperors). Although of relatively modest station in Roman society, their situation steadily advanced during the reign of emperor Claudius.

As a young man Titus served as a military tribune in Upper Germany and Britain. He returned to Rome in early 64 and married Arrecina Tertulla, who died within a year. He then married Marcia Furnilla, however that marriage ended in divorce, for political reasons, after her family became vigorous opponents of Emperor Nero. Titus did not remarry, and he had only one known child, a daughter, Julia, who is said to have died in her early twenties.

In 66 A.D., when Nero appointed Vespasian as commander of seven Roman legions that were sent to put down the Jewish revolt in Judea, Titus was given command of the Fifteen Legion under his father. When Vespasian became emperor on July 1, 69 A.D., Titus replaced his father as commander of all Roman forces in the Jewish War.

The siege of Jerusalem was perhaps what Titus is best known for. With a combined force of four legions, Titus began the attack on the city in early 70. Within a month, his forces had breached the outer walls, and by August the siege ended when the remainder of the city was taken. The people were slaughtered, and the Temple was destroyed, exactly as Jesus prophesied.

Titus succeeded his father as emperor on June 24, 79 A.D. Although many at first feared that he would turn out to be another Nero, he became generally regarded as a relatively good man, at least as far as Roman emperors were concerned.

Titus reigned just a little over two years before dying suddenly on September 13, 81 A.D at age 42. The cause of death, a fever, was perhaps caused by malaria. The meaning of his final words, "I have made but one mistake," is unknown.

Fact Finder: Did Jesus Christ say that Jerusalem would again be surrounded by armies, just before His return?
Luke 21:20,27


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