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End Times Chart


Introduction and Key

BOOKS:  BIBLICAL STUDIES (1500BC-AD70) / EARLY CHRISTIAN PRETERISM (AD50-1000) / FREE ONLINE BOOKS (AD1000-2008)


David S. Clark - The Message From Patmos: A Postmillennial Commentary on the Book of Revelation (1921) "This early twentieth-century Postmillennial commentary on the Book of Revelation, written by the father of theologian Gordon Clark, offers an easy-to-read alternative to the popular Pre-millennial/Dispensational views of the best-selling Scofield Reference Bible and a multitude of other dissertations on end-time prophecy that litter the shelves of Christian bookstores. "


STUDY MATERIALS RELATING TO "PARTIAL PRETERISM"
Minor Fulfillment of Matt. 24/25 or Revelation in Past

 

Free Online Books Historical Preterism Modern Preterism Study Archive Critical Articles Dispensationalist dEmEnTiA  Main Josephus Church History


HISTORICAL PRETERISM (HP) - A) Umbrella term covering all those who believe that only a slight amount of Bible prophecy was totally fulfilled in the early centuries of the Christian era.   Determined by looking at where authors find a "transition" from the past to the future using the Olivet Discourse of Matthew 24/25 and the Apocalypse of John.     B) This class has roots dating back to the first century, such as in the writings of Barnabus and Clement of Rome, and finds greater development in the writings of Justin Martyr and Eusebius.   The Catholic and Orthodox churches maintained HP through the Middle Ages.  Today's contemporary forms were largely developed in the writings of Calvin, Luther, Grotius and Lightfoot.    C) Teaches that some of the Bible's "end times" prophecies were fulfilled by AD70,  but that the substantial portion of prophetic fulfillment is yet to be revealed at the "last day."   Transitions in the Middle of Matthew 24, or in the Middle of the Apocalypse of John.

 


Contemporary "Partial Preterist View"

A.D.70 Still Future
A coming (parousia) of Christ
A day of the Lord
A judgment
The end of the Jewish Age

(Source: R.C. Sproul, Last Days)
The Coming (parousia) of Christ
The Day of the Lord
The Resurrection of the dead
The Rapture of the living
The (final) Judgment
The end of history

"we are to lay hold on that kingdom which cannot be shaken; for the Lord shakes us for this end, that he may really and forever establish us in himself." John Calvin On Hebrews 12


G.K. Beale - Peace and Mercy Upon the Israel of God: The OT Background in Galatians 6:16 (1999) "This essay has contended that Paul’s reference to "new creation" and the pronouncement of "peace and mercy" on the readers in Gal 6,15-16 is best understood against the background of Isa 54,10 and the surrounding context of similar new creation themes elsewhere in Isa 32–66, which are echoed also earlier in Galatians, especially in 5,22-26. The analysis confirms those prior studies which have concluded that "the Israel of God" refers to all Christians in Galatia, whether Jewish or Christian."

Proof of the Gospel
Eusebius of Caesarea (314)


"..how can we deny that the prophecies of long ago have at last been fulfilled?"

The People of God, the Land of Israel, and the Impartiality of the Gospel - Among Signatories: R. C. Sproul, Gary DeMar  "At the heart of the political commitments in question are two fatally flawed propositions. First, some are teaching that God's alleged favor toward Israel today is based upon ethnic descent rather than upon the grace of Christ alone, as proclaimed in the Gospel. Second, others are teaching that the Bible's promises concerning the land are fulfilled in a special political region or "Holy Land," perpetually set apart by God for one ethnic group alone."


Brian Abshire

Charles Alexander

  • Moses or Christ? Paul's Reply to Dispensationalist Error "We ask our dispensational friends to consider what their position will be if the present Jewish occupation ends in disaster. While they are forming their reply, we would point out to readers that so far from converting Israel and establishing them in the land, the second coming of Christ will overtake them (and all the world) "as a thief in the night," in the which the heavens will pass away with a great noise and the elements melt with fervent heat, the earth also and the works that are therein shall be burned up (2 Peter 3: 1 0)."

Steve Atkerson

  • 2008: Will the Real Preterism Please Stand Up? "Lately I have spoken with several folks who, when they heard the word “preterism,” automatically thought of the end time heresy that the actual second coming of Jesus was in A.D. 70. These same people were surprised to learn that there are really two types of preterism.  The one most talked about today is that which proposes that the second coming was in A.D. 70 and is an already past event, never to be repeated. This form of preterism is highly controversial. In fact, it is heretical."

Robert Baillie

  • 1645: A Dissuasive From the Errors of the Time - The thousand years of Christ his visible Reign upon earth, is against Scripture "AMONG all the Sparkles of new light wherewith our Brethren do entertain their own and the people’s fancy, there is none more pleasant than that of the thousand years; a conceit of the most Ancient and gross Heretic Cerinthus, a little purged by Papias, and by him transmitted to some of the Greek and Latin Fathers, but quickly declared, both by the Greek and Latin Church to be a great errour, if not an heresy. Since the days of Augustine unto our time, it went under no other notion, and was embraced by no Christian we hear of, till some of the Anabaptists did draw it out of its grave"

Richard Barcellos

Timothy M. Barrett

  • An Important Letter to Chalcedon and R. J. Rushdoony -  "Last week, two elders resigned after realizing that their embracing of the heresy of hyper-Preterism was inconsistent with our church's doctrinal statement. It is my understanding that this heresy is spreading like weeks in Reformed churches"

G.K. Beale

  • 1999: Peace and Mercy Upon the Israel of God Discussions of the Old Testament background of "new creation" in Gal 6,15 and its relation to v. 16 have heretofore been general and have not targeted any particular OT passage. This essay sets out to demonstrate that the phrase "peace and mercy" has its most probable background in the Old Testament promise of Israel’s restoration in Isaiah 54. In the light of this background the mention of the "marks" of Jesus on Paul’s body in v. 17 makes excellent sense.

Loraine Boettner

  • 1957: The Antichrist - "The Millennium" Part 3 Premillennialism "this picture of Antichrist as a world ruler who persecutes the Jews during an alleged tribulation period and then leads the armies of the Gentiles against the Jews in Palestine is pure fiction."

Joseph P. Braswell
Reconstructionist

Pastor J. S. Brown

  • Book Review:  The Three R's - Rapture, Revision, Robbery - "Dispensationalism, it is succinctly proven in The Three R’s is an extremely wobbly system which is built upon the sifting sands of occultic and cultic practices, as well as literary thievery that are sure to sink the system one day. Moreover, it has been popularized in the last three decades by men of very questionable scholarship who have, it has been discovered, displayed dishonest practices. MacPherson certainly deserves a hearing from seekers of the truth."

  • This Generation Shall Not Pass - "Notice that the verse says this is the second re-gathering.  And in 70 AD, we had the second scattering, not a re-gathering.  So, the second re-gathering must be a re-gathering of all twelve tribes, of both Judah and Israel as the verse says.  (Remember Judah is the southern kingdom and Israel is the northern kingdom.  This is consistent throughout Old Testament Scripture.)"

  • Problems with the Pre-Tribulational Rapture

David Brown

Sir Thomas Brown

  • 1646: Pseudodoxia Epidemica VII:x  "Againe, they were mistaken in the Emphaticall apprehension, placing the consideration upon the words, If I will, whereas it properly lay in these, when I come: which had they apprehended as some have since, that is, not for his ultimate and last returne, but his comming in judgement and destruction upon the Jewes; or such a comming as it might be said, that that generation should not passe before it was fulfilled: they needed not, much lesse need we suppose such diuturnity; for after the death of Peter, John lived to behold the same fulfilled by Vespasian: nor had he then his Nunc dimittis, or went out like unto Simeon; but old in accomplisht obscurities, and having seen the expire of Daniels prediction, as some conceive, he accomplished his Revelation."

George Wesley Buchanan

E.W. Bullinger (1837-1913)

  • 1914: The Apocalypse "Preterist Expositors differ among themselves as to whether "great Babylon" means the City of Rome, or the Church of Rome: Rome Pagan or Rome Papal. But, if this is all that these solemn chapters mean, we may well say with Dr. Seiss, "If we cannot find more solid ground than that on which the Rome theory rests, we must needs consign the whole subject to the department of doubt and uncertainty; and let all these tremendous foreshadowings pass for nothing."

  • 1914: How to Enjoy the Bible "The words are exactly the same in both passages (in the Greek): "He that endureth to the END the same shall be saved." The command is continued in the next verse (10:23): "But when they persecute you in this city flee ye into another: for verily I say unto you, Ye shall not have gone over the cities of Israel, till the Son of Man be come." (Greek, elqh (elthe), shall have come.) If this coming be the same as the destruction of Jerusalem (as is generally supposed) then it is perfectly certain that the Twelve could not have gone on proclaiming the kingdom as being "at hand" for nearly forty years after it had been rejected, and the King crucified!"

  • Things to Come Newsletter

Anthony Buzzard

John Calvin

  • Calvin is a Praeterist According to his Translators

  • 1556: Covenant Enforced - Studies of Deuteronomy 27 and 28

  • 1555: Calvin on Deuteronomie "And we see also how our Lord Jesus speaketh of himselfe, in bewayling the destruction of the Citie of Jerusalem (Matt 23:37). Howe oft (saieth he) would I have gathered thy little ones under my winges, and thou wouldest not? There our Lord Jesus speaketh not as man: but sheweth that inasmuch as he is the everlasting God, he played the part of a henne towardes the Jewes, and had his winges stretched out to have brooded them: and that they on their side played the wylde beastes that woulde not bee tamed. When wee shall once have knowen the favour of our God towardes us: let us beware that it be not so defaced as we may justly bee tamed. " (7th Sermon on Deut. 1)

Joseph M. Canfield

  • 1996: Neither City Nor Land Are Holy - "From Scripture we find no warrant, no necessity for special treatment of any land or city. The New Jerusalem is a concept of a city which comes from God who transcends the limitations of the physical earth."

Ron Clark

  • 1998: Preaching Fulfilled Apocalyptic to a skeptical generation - "The writers emphasized the crisis, consolation, and authority in their apocalypses. These emphases were given to motivate the hearer to react to the warnings of judgment. The result of this reaction was hope and perseverance."

Jonathan Companick

Melvin Curry

  • 2002: Was A.D.70 the End? - "If, as Max King concedes, prophetic time-compression blurs the distinction between the "limited" commission and the "great" commission in Matthew 10 (The Cross and the Parousia, p. 458), why not make the same thing between the coming of Christ to judge Jerusalem and his parousia to judge the whole world in Matthew 24."

John Denton

  • Jerusalem's Destruction and the Seventy Weeks - "Some today feel these days are prophetic for years not literal days. Others apply these days as literal days but do so not at the manifestation of our Lord's presence in fire and at the end of the Gospel age but at some other intermediate chronological date. When examining by cross referencing Jesus' words in Matthew 24:15 with Luke 21:20 we can identify the 'desolating thing' as the Roman armies capable of inflicting this destruction."

Mitchell Dick

Charles Dickens

  • On the Fall of Jerusalem "the siege that seems to epitomise all the horrors of such contests, forming, as it were, the last crowning scene of a nation's tragedy, was the siege of Jerusalem by Titus, A.d. 70. "

C.H. Dodd

J. Ligon Duncan

  • Attractions of the New Perspective(s) on Paul  "I find that Wright's overly realized eschatology is attractive to students today. Preterism is all the rage in some conservative Reformed circles these days. The "already and not yet" is out, and the "been there, done that" is in. NT eschatology, for the preterist, is retrospective and realized. Well, along comes Wright, with his very this worldly eschatology, and provides a high-powered academic justification for the low-rent forms of preterism circulating in some places today. And they love it. So I have found some students who have gotten into Wright via his eschatological approach to New Testament theology. "

Rev. Fr. Burnell F. Eckardt Jr.
Lutheran

  • 2009: The Abomination of Desolation "Jesus was a prophet (He was the Prophet, actually), and as such, He did what all prophets do, gave a microcosm of the ultimate fulfillment of His prophecy within the immediate context of His first hearers. So when the microcosm occurs, or, as it were, the 'down-payment' on the final fulfillment, that is, when the 'type' is fulfilled, then that which it typifies or foretells may be the more confidently believed.   So therefore, since Jerusalem was destroyed in ad 70, and since this is a matter of record, therefore it is clear that the End of all things shall indeed come to pass."

Alfred Edersheim

Jonathan Edwards

E.B. Elliot
Historicist | "Six Seal Preterist"

Frederick Engels - A Founder of Modern World Socialism

  • 1894: On the Early History of Christianity "But we have in the New Testament a single book the time of the writing of which can be defined within a few months, which must have been written between June 67 and January or April 68; a book, consequently, which belongs to the very beginning of the Christian era and reflects with the most naive fidelity and in the corresponding idiomatic language the ideas of the beginning of that era. This book is the so-called Revelation of John.. John describes his book at the very beginning as the revelation of "things which must shortly come to pass ; an immediately afterwards, I, 3, he declares "Blessed is he that readeth and they that hear the words of this prophecy ... for the time is at hand." To the church in Philadelphia Christ sends the message: "Behold, I come quickly." And in the last chapter the angel says he has shown John "things which must shortly be done" and gives him the order: "Seal not the sayings of the prophecy of this book: for the time is at hand." And Christ himself says twice (XXII, 12, 20) "I come quickly." The sequel will show us how soon this coming was expected.."

Prof. David J. Engelsma

  • 1995: A Defense of Reformed Amillennialism - "Reformed and Presbyterian churches and officebearers have apparently decided to tolerate postmillennialism.  Postmillennialism is, at the very least, a legitimate option for Reformed Christians. It is, therefore, no wonder that these churches and ministers are unable to respond to the sharp attack on amillennialism by the postmillennialists. Much less can they take the offensive against the error. "

Patrick Fairbairn

  • 1856: Prophecy Viewed in Respect to its Distinctive Character; its Special Function and its Proper Interpretation "During the time that the temple and Jerusalem stood, and formed the centre of the divine kingdom and worship, the predictions, which were of the nature of promises, received a measure of fulfilment in the case of the true covenant- people to whom alone they properly referred. But from the moment that Christ was glorified, as the temple and Jerusalem lost their original character—as the Jerusalem and the temple, which thenceforth constituted the real habitation of God and the seat of worship, rose heavenwards with its Divine Head (Gal. iv. 26, Rev. xxi. 2), it is in connection with that higher region that we are to look for what yet remains to be fulfilled of the predictions."

Daniel Alejandro Flores

  • Historia Eclesiastica - Bilingual Studies on Sayings of Jesus - "Christ saw in Jerusalem a symbol of the world hardened in unbelief and rebellion, and hastening on to meet the retributive judgments of God. The woes of a fallen race, pressing upon His soul, forced from His lips that exceeding bitter cry.  Jesus, looking down to the last generation, saw the world involved in a deception similar to that which caused the destruction of Jerusalem."

Don Garlington

Dr. John Gill - Baptist

  • Body of Divinity: On the Everlasting Covenant

  • The Prophecies of the Old Testament, Respecting Messiah "The next thing to be inquired into, is the exact and precise time of the Messiah’s coming, and cutting off, as fixed in Daniels weeks; the whole prophecy we have at large in Daniel 9:24-27.   The occasion of this prophecy is manifestly this; The prophet Daniel now being in captivity, and understanding by books, especially by the prophecy of Jeremy, that it would be a seventy years captivity, falls into a very great concern of mind for the people of the Jews, the city of Jerusalem, and the holy temple; and therefore sets apart some time in fasting and prayer to God on the account thereof; whose prayers were very quickly heard, he being a person greatly beloved; for even at the beginning of his supplications, the commandment came forth, orders were given and the angel Gabriel immediately dispatched, as a messenger, to give him an account of those things which he was so very solicitous about; and the things which the angel had a commission to give him skill and understanding in, were of very considerable importance; as that there would be a royal edict issued forth in favor of the Jews; by virtue of which they would have full liberty to rebuild Jerusalem, the streets and wall thereof, though it would be attended with a great deal of trouble and opposition; that after a certain space of time, here specified, was elapsed, the Messiah, the prince, whom he, and those of his nation expected, would be cut off; and that upon the cutting off of this great person, would very quickly ensue the utter ruin and destruction of the Jewish nation, city, and temple."

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HISTORICAL PRETERISM
(Minor Fulfillment of Matt. 24/25 or Revelation in Past)

Joseph Addison
Oswald T. Allis
Thomas Aquinas
Karl Auberlen
Augustine
Albert Barnes
Karl Barth
G.K. Beale
Beasley-Murray
John Bengel
Wilhelm Bousset
John A. Broadus

David Brown
"Haddington Brown"
F.F. Bruce

Augustin Calmut
John Calvin
B.H. Carroll
Johannes Cocceius
Vern Crisler
Thomas Dekker
Wilhelm De Wette
Philip Doddridge
Isaak Dorner
Dutch Annotators
Alfred Edersheim
Jonathan Edwards

E.B. Elliott
Heinrich Ewald
Patrick Fairbairn
Js. Farquharson
A.R. Fausset
Robert Fleming
Hermann Gebhardt
Geneva Bible
Charles Homer Giblin
John Gill
William Gilpin
W.B. Godbey
Ezra Gould
Hank Hanegraaff
Hengstenberg
Matthew Henry
G.A. Henty
George Holford
Johann von Hug
William Hurte
J, F, and Brown
B.W. Johnson
John Jortin
Benjamin Keach
K.F. Keil
Henry Kett
Richard Knatchbull
Johann Lange

Cornelius Lapide
Nathaniel Lardner
Jean Le Clerc
Peter Leithart
Jack P. Lewis
Abiel Livermore
John Locke
Martin Luther

James MacDonald
James MacKnight
Dave MacPherson
Keith Mathison
Philip Mauro
Thomas Manton
Heinrich Meyer
J.D. Michaelis
Johann Neander
Sir Isaac Newton
Thomas Newton
Stafford North
Dr. John Owen
 Blaise Pascal
William W. Patton
Arthur Pink

Thomas Pyle
Maurus Rabanus
St. Remigius

Anne Rice
Kim Riddlebarger
J.C. Robertson
Edward Robinson
Andrew Sandlin
Johann Schabalie
Philip Schaff
Thomas Scott
C.J. Seraiah
Daniel Smith
Dr. John Smith
C.H. Spurgeon

Rudolph E. Stier
A.H. Strong
St. Symeon
Theophylact
Friedrich Tholuck
George Townsend
James Ussher
Wm. Warburton
Benjamin Warfield

Noah Webster
John Wesley
B.F. Westcott
William Whiston
Herman Witsius
N.T. Wright

John Wycliffe
Richard Wynne
C.F.J. Zullig

FREE ONLINE BOOKS: The Judgment of Jerusalem | Stone-Campbell Journal | Greek Orthodox: The Apocalypse | Centuries of Meditation | The Book of Revelation: Introduction | Great Awakening Group | Is the Great Tribulation future or fulfilled? | The Number of Man: The Climax of Civilization | Dave MacPherson's Post Trib Writings | Did the Council at Ephesus Condemn Chiliasm? | Lutheran Church separates from Luther's belief about Jews | Unchained Radio | Bicentennial of Peter Linebaugh's execution "Was he distracted by his Greek and Hebrew studies as a scholar can be? "He pointed out a mistranslation in Paul's epistle to the Hebrews [9:26] objecting to the 'end of the world' and showing from the Greek testament it should be to the 'end of the age.'

Demonstratio Evangelica Eusebius - "When, then, we see what was of old foretold for the nations fulfilled in our own day, and when the lamentation and wailing that was predicted for the Jews, and the burning of the Temple and its utter desolation, can also be seen even now to have occurred according to the prediction, surely we must also agree that the King who was prophesied, the Christ of God, has come, since the signs of His coming have been shewn in each instance I have treated to have been clearly fulfilled."

 

Bruce Gore

Dom Prosper Guéranger

Scott Hahn
Roman Catholic

Homer Hailey
Church of Christ

Hank Hanegraaff

Ed Hara

G.A. Henty

George Herbert

Charles Hill

Wayne Jackson

Scott Kessler

Knox Theological Seminary

Brendan Kraft

Johann Peter Lange

Nathaniel Lardner

Francis Nigel Lee

Steve Lehrer

Martin Luther

Dave MacPherson

Bob Mahlstead

Keith Mathison

Philip Mauro -
Supreme Court Lawyer

EARLIER EVANGELICAL WRITINGS

LATER WRITINGS

Fred Miller

Timothy Miller

Stan Moody

The Moorings

Jared Olivetti

Dr. Hermann Olshausen

Stanley Pahr

Rev. William Patton

Dr. Larry Pechawer
Professor of Old Testament and Hebrew Language at Ozark Christian College

Arthur W. Pink

John Piper

Elder P. Pratt
Mormon

Charles D. Provan

Kim Riddlebarger

Robert Roberts
Christadelphian

Dr. Barbara Rossing
Evangelical Lutheran

T.H. Salmon

Andrew Sandlin

Philip Schaff

Brian Schwertly

Kate Scot-Byson

Thomas Scott

David Sergeant

C. Jonathan Seraiah

Stephen Sizer

Rev. Daniel Smith

C.H. Spurgeon

George Stanhope

Dr. Kenneth G. Talbot

Ross Taylor

Rinaldo Texidor

Dr. John Thomas
Christadelphian

Dan Trotter

Don Walker

Robert Walker

Israel P. Warren

Tony Warren

Jim West
Reformed Church USA

Ellen G. White

Herman Wits (Witsius)

N.T. Wright

W.A. Young

J. Julius Scott

Samuel E. Waldron

Andrew Corbett: Why the Rapture Has Ruptured - "The seventh trumpet announced the completion of God’s Old Covenant with Israel and the announcement that the Kingdom of Christ had begun (Rev. 11:15). Yet their remains a final trumpet, which we might call the “eighth”."

 

7th TRUMPET

8th TRUMPET

·  A parousia of Christ

·  The Final Parousia of Christ

·  Jerusalem

·  Earth

·  Judgment on Judaism

·  Final Judgment

·  Fulfils Matthew 24

·  Fulfils Matthew 25; 1Thess. 4;  1Corinthians 15

·  Ends the Old Covenant Age

·  End of the Age

·  Proceeds from preaching the Gospel to Jews first throughout the oichoumene (Empire)

·  Proceeds from the making of disciples of all the nations  (Matthew 28:18-20)

·  Suffering, misery and death

·  Suffering, misery and death done away with (Rev. 21:3-4)

·  Satan is bound

·  Satan is damned

·  The beginning of Christ’s Kingdom

·  The culmination of Christ’s Kingdom (Eph. 1:10; 1Cor. 15:24)

 

PARTIAL PRETERISM ON FULL PRETERISM:


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