BOOKS: BIBLICAL STUDIES (1500BC-AD70) / EARLY CHRISTIAN PRETERISM (AD50-1000) / FREE ONLINE BOOKS (AD1000-2008)
(Not Full/Hyper Preterism ; Within Bounds of Historical Christianity)
MODERN PRETERISM (MP) - A)Umbrella term covering all those who believe that the majority of Bible prophecy was totally fulfilled in the early centuries of the Christian era. Determined by looking at where authors find a "transition" from the past to the future using the Olivet Discourse of Matthew 24/25 and the Apocalypse of John. Differs from Full Preterism in that it does not make the Parousia, the General Judgment, nor the General Resurrection events solely of the past. B) According to known literature, this class emerged during the Reformation or Counter Reformation and can be seen in a fully developed form at the beginning of the 17th century in the writings of the Jesuit Alcasar -- although many believe that the "Preterist Assumption" seen throughout church history reveals the ancient and medieval equivalents of the Modern Preterist view. (perhaps systematized the most consistenty in 310 by Eusebius in "Theophany"). C) Teaches that the bulk of "end times" prophecy has sole application to ancient Israel, but that some regards the "last day" -- sometimes that "end" being personal, not global, in nature. Transitions somewhere in Matthew 25, or near the end of the Apocalypse of John.
"It has been usual to say that the Spanish Jesuit Alcasar, in his Vestigatio Arcani Sensus in Apocalypsi (1614), was the founder of the Pręterist School.. But to me it seems that the founder of the Pręterist School is none other than St. John himself." (The Praeterist Interpretation, in The Early Days of Christianity - F.W. Farrar, Chaplain to Queen Victoria, 1871-1876)
A Chronological Treatise on Daniel's Seventy Weeks
Wherein is evidently shewn the Accomplishment of the Predicted Events, As Especially Of the Cutting Off of the Messiah after the Predicted VII Weeks and LXII Weeks, according to the Express Letter of the Prophecy, and in most exact Agreement with Ptolemy's Canon ; So Also Of the Destruction of Jerusalem by the Romans, in the LXXth, or separate One Week, in the Litteral, Obvious, and Primary Sense (Packed within an overall "orthodox" eschatology)
Elder Bob Algood
Dr. Greg Bahnsen
Kelly Nelson Birks
Mike F. Blume
2005: The Weak Cross of Full Preterism "Scripture that teaches the meek shall inherit the earth will never be fulfilled, since there will be both sinners and saints forever on the earth. Sinners will never be removed. Also, we are told God's will must be done in earth as it is in heaven. There is no sin in heaven. This cannot be fulfilled in earth if full preterism is correct. Full preterism must conclude that sin will always exist. "
2001: What Do Preterists Believe About "The Prince" in the 70 Weeks of Daniel? "This is undoubtedly referring to 70 AD. When the Christians saw Jerusalem encompassed with armies, they indeed did flee the city and went to Pella. Rome devastated the city for 3.5 years. And Jesus said that event would end the times of the gentiles. Jerusalem would be no more the home of the temple and the ritual sacrifice of Law. Thank God that there was a remnant of Israel who represented the whole, thus fulfilling prophecy that all Israel shall be saved!"
2001: Jerusalem Missed the Blessing "The words of Matthew 25 concern the siege of Jerusalem as do the words of Matthew 24 -- both chapters deal with the same discussion on the Mount of Olives. What about the separation of the cursed goats from the blessed sheep? How does this picture fit into the destruction of Jerusalem in 70 AD? This study explains the connection."
2010: An Apology to the Public Regarding Preterism "The online Preterist community is an embarrassment on many levels. And by "preterism", I am referring to full preterism.. i am preaching against myself as well. I have been guilty of some of these things. Hence, one of the reasons i wanted to take a break and reassess things."
2010: Semper Reformanda Full Preterism "I believe leaving the community and being inactive elsewhere (not entirely, but to a large degree) helped position me now into the role of an 'outsider' in regards to full preterism. Technically, I wasn't an outsider. Practically, I was. Instead of having my head buried in the sand and getting immersed with all the in-house scuffles, I was now able to step back and look at the bigger picture...and I didn't like what I saw. I blogged about this, an apology which has now been featured at the infamous PreteristArchive, a site run by another former full preterist, Todd Dennis." "The rub is ~ given full preterist presuppositions, i want to know how you GOT from point A to point B. Systematically, logically, exegetically. Full preterism has NOT, i repeat, NOT done this! If any full preterist contests that they have, then all they have to do is simply provide the link here to either the work online or to a book they have published. It doesn't exist." // "And since no full preterist has done it ~ then why in the world would any full preterist get upset with me for stepping back and saying, "dang. I don't know about this full pret stuff anymore"? Why in the world would anyone get upset with me for wanting to exercise more CAUTION and to stop being dogmatic about a viewpoint that basically hasn't answered much of squat?"
Samuel G. Dawson
2011: Is Jesus Going to Reign on Earth? "There are lots of things that people believe the Bible teaches that just aren’t there. I have developed a Bible test that makes this point. Here’s one of them: Did Noah’s ark land on Mt. Ararat? The answer is no. The ark came to rest on the mountains (plural) of Ararat (Gen. 8:4). "
2011: Defending Dispensationalism at All Costs "Dave Hunt continues to ask questions about a preterist interpretation of Scripture. They’re true by definition because they support dispensationalism. Mr. Hunt knows that he no longer has to defend his position because there is a willing audience that will believe any listing of them"
2010: Gary DeMar on Horton - An Incomplete Systematic Theology "Horton is a full professor at a top-flight seminary. He’s just published a comprehensive 1000-page systematic theology. His section on eschatology runs nearly 90 pages and is mostly definitional. There is a section on Matthew 24 where he argues that a first-century, pre-A.D. 70 fulfillment"
2009: Is Gary DeMar Secretly a Friend to Hyperpreterists? "The tendency of full preterists is to fit everything into an A.D. 70 matrix. They do this with 1 Thessalonians 4:13–18, 1 Corinthians 15, and Revelation 20. A similar approach is followed with a number of Old Testament prophecies (e.g., Ezek 38–39 and Zech 12). I am willing to listen to their arguments since preterism in its present form is only now coming to its own as we shake off the dust of dispensationalism that has so distorted our interpretation of prophecy."
2009: Charisma Magazine Debunking 'Last Days Fever' “Peter Wagner, president of Global Harvest Ministries, is an adherent of partial preterism, believing most end-times prophecies were fulfilled with the destruction of Jerusalem in A.D. 70.” Wagner is the author of Dominion! How Kingdom Action Can Change the World published by Chosen Book in 2008. There are better representatives for the partial preterist position than Wagner, but at least it’s a start."
2007: Norman Geisler, "You," & "Zechariah the Son of Berechiah" "Geisler’s argument on the second person plural does not stand up to exegetical scrutiny. By not dealing with the above arguments, he shows that he is not a trustworthy critic of the preterist interpretation of prophecy."
2004: Tommy Ice and Dispensationalism under the Microscope -- Again "The difference is, preterism is right and dispensationalism is wrong, and because it’s wrong, it’s dangerous to Jews and the rest of us and those people who are reading the Left Behind series as if the prophetic content is actually taught in the Bible. As I’ve demonstrated in End Times Fiction, it’s not."
2003: Thomas Ice and the Time Texts "By never raising the issue of how the second person plural ("you") is used throughout Matthew 10, he is counting on his loyal readers not to notice. And who would think to go to Mark's account of the Transfiguration to see that the "disciples" is a larger group than Peter, James, and John? Of course, we all know the answer to this question: Preterists would."
2003: The People of God, the Land of Israel, and the Impartiality of the Gospel - Among Signatories: R. C. Sproul, Ph.D., President, Ligonier Ministries, Orlando, FL | Gary DeMar, M.Div., American Vision, Powder Springs, GA "At the heart of the political commitments in question are two fatally flawed propositions. First, some are teaching that God's alleged favor toward Israel today is based upon ethnic descent rather than upon the grace of Christ alone, as proclaimed in the Gospel. Second, others are teaching that the Bible's promises concerning the land are fulfilled in a special political region or "Holy Land," perpetually set apart by God for one ethnic group alone. "
2003: Bible Minimalism and "The History of Preterism" (Parts One and Two) "Ice and LaHaye get off on the wrong foot in their analysis of preterism. The historical argument is a death blow, or to use Mark Hitchcock's metaphor from his chapter on the dating of Revelation, "A Stake in the Heart" to their brand of futurism. The earliest historical sources, the Didache, the testimony of James, the brother of Jesus, and 1 Clement demonstrate that preterism's history is a first-century history." "The publication of The End Times Controversy is a great opportunity for preterists to get out their message since the authors quote extensively from preterist works. More astute Christians will follow the trail of end notes and books listed in the bibliography and read them. The brighter bulbs in the box will find preterist arguments convincing and reject the dispensationalism of their youth. Many will be surprised that over the centuries so many sound and trusted Bible expositors have been preterists."
2002: Will the Real Anti-Prophets Please Stand Up? " If modern-day preterists are "anti-prophets," then we are in good historical company. A survey of the most widely read and respected commentaries over the past four-and-a-half centuries will show that preterism, not the strained futurism of dispensational premillennialism, was the predominate prophetic system held by Bible believing Christians. "
2002: Dispensationalism : Being "Left Behind" "I opened this article with a "Best-Seller List" where three of the five non-fiction books on the list are preterist. How can these two authors ignore the subject of Preterism when the publisher claims that the authors "will clarify, magnify, and maybe even rectify your thoughts on a critical theme of God's written word: prophecy"? Zondervan, Kregel, and Baker have published high-profile books that deal with preterism. Three are in a debate-style format. LaHaye and Jenkin's failure to deal with Preterism makes this book a work of fiction. It would be like writing a history of the cola wars while leaving out either Coke or Pepsi."
2001: Zechariah 14 and the Coming of Christ "describes events leading up to and including the destruction of Jerusalem in A.D. 70. God will act as Judge of Jerusalem and its inhabitants. As the king, He will send "his armies" and destroy "those murderers, and set their city on fire" (Matt. 22:7)."
1999: Defending the Indefensible "The Second Coming does not compare favorably with The Gospel According to Jesus. Detailed analysis and comparative study are exchanged for superficial and misleading rhetoric. MacArthur scrupulously avoids the heart of the debate over the time texts."
1997: The Passing Away Heaven and Earth "The parables of Matthew 2425 are clear on the duration of the delays -- the two masters who go on a journey return to the same people they left. There is no need to allegorize these parables to force them to depict a distant coming of Christ."
1993: No Fear of the Text "Tim LaHaye has written another book on prophecy. No Fear of the Storm was written because LaHaye recognizes that dispensational premillennialism is in trouble. "
Jack Van Deventer
1996: A Case For Preterism "The advantage of Preterism is that it 'saves the phenomena' of the New Testament time-frame references; it interprets biblical prophecy according to the images used in Scripture itself."
Israel and the Church
1998: Who is the Antichrist?
1899: Christ Wails Over Jerusalem "This incident is an allegory. The soul of each one amongst us is such a Jerusalem. The soul has its history of shame or of faithfulness, and its prophecy of triumph or of doom, just as Jerusalem had. Jerusalem had warnings.. Jerusalem found that it was so, and so shall all men who persist in defying the mercy of God which calleth us to repentance."
1883: Epistle to the Hebrews "Quando ? The date at which the Epistle was written cannot be fixed with precision. All that we can say is that it was certainly written before the Fall of Jerusalem, A.D. 70. This conclusion is not mainly founded on the use of the present tense in speaking of the Temple services (ix. 6, 7; x. 1, &c), because this might conceivably be due to the same figure of speech which accounts for the use of the present tense in speaking of the Jewish ministrations in Josephus, Clemens Romanus, Justin Martyr, and even in the Talmud. It is founded on the whole scope of the argument. No one who was capable of writing the Epistle to the Hebrews at all (there being no question of pseudonymity in this instance) could possibly have foregone all mention of the tremendous corroboration—nay, the absolutely demonstrative force—which had been added to his arguments by the work of God in History. The destruction of Jerusalem came as a divine comment on all the truths which are here set forth. While it in no way derogates from the permanent value of the Epistle as a possession for all time, it would have rendered superfluous its immediate aim and object. The seductions of Judaism, the temptation to apostatise to the Mosaic system, were done away with by that awful Advent which for ever closed the era of the Old Dispensation. We therefore infer that the Epistle was written when Timothy was (apparently) liberated from prison, soon after the martyrdom of St Paul, about the close of A.D. 67 or the beginning of A.D. 68."
1882: THE PRĘTERIST INTERPRETATION "It has been usual to say that the Spanish Jesuit Alcasar.. was the founder of the Pręterist School.. But to me it seems that the founder of the Pręterist School is none other than St. John himself."
1882: The Apocalypse and its Date "The Apocalypse was written before (John) had witnessed the Coming of Christ and the close of the Old Dispensation, in the mighty catastrophe which, by the voice of God in history, abrogated all but the moral precepts which had been uttered by the voice of God on Sinai"
1882: The Fall of Jerusalem "It was to this event, the most awful in history that we must apply those prophecies of Christ's coming in which every one of the Apostles and Evangelists describe it as near at hand. To those prophecies our Lord Himself fixed these three most definite limitations -- the one, that before that generation passed away all these things would be fulfilled; another that some standing there should not taste death till they saw the Son of Man coming in His kingdom; the third, that the Apostles should not have gone over the cities of Israel till the Son of Man be come. It is strange that these distinct limitations should not be regarded as a decisive proof that the Fall of Jerusalem was, in the fullest sense, the Second Advent of the Son of Man, which was primarily contemplated by the earliest voices of prophecy."
1874: Life of Christ Index "Behold, your house is left unto you desolate!" And has not that denunciation been fearfully fulfilled? Who does not catch an echo of it in the language of Tacitus"Expassac repente delubri fores, et audita major humana vox excedere Deos." Speaking of the murder of the younger Hanan, and other eminent nobles and hierarchs, Josephus says, "I cannot but think that it was because God had doomed this city to destruction as a polluted city, and was resolved to purge His sanctuary by fire, that He cut off these their great defenders and well-wishers"
David P. Field
2001: Jesus - The Better Everything - An Introductory Commentary of the Epistle to the Hebrews "The Old Testament scriptures were lodged in Paul’s memory, and he quotes from them again to explain the “need for endurance” (36). “FOR YET IN A VERY LITTLE WHILE, THE ONE COMING WILL COME, AND WILL NOT DELAY.” Quoting from the Greek Old Testament, the Septuagint (LXX), as he does throughout this epistle, Paul allows the words of Habakkuk 2:3 to speak to the situation of the Jerusalem Christians. The delayed consummation of Christ’s victory to be revealed in the second advent created an “enigma of the interim” for the early Christians, but Paul uses Habakkuk’s words as his words to indicate that “the Coming One,” Jesus, will come “in a very little while,” very soon, i.e. imminently. This may refer to the “second coming of the parousia, as in Revelation 2:25, “Hold fast until I come.” More likely, Paul is referring to the imminent coming of Christ in judgment, when (perhaps within a year after the receipt of this letter) the Romans came against the residents of Palestine from 66-70 AD, destroying everything and decimating the population. This is the same “coming of the Son of Man” (Matt. 24:27,30,37,42) that Jesus referred to in His Mount of Olives discourse (Matt. 24:3-45). Paul is warning the Hebrew Christians again that judgment is coming, and everything in the old covenant will “disappear” (8:13)."
2010: Full Preterism and the Problem of Infinity "I have been shamelessly accused of almost everything one can think of for breaking ranks on this issue. I follow no ranks. I am not one to insist that “no one can leave the compound!” I go where my studies and my conscience before God leads me, period. I don’t “tow the line” for anyone, any party, or any movement."
2010: Towards a Fuller Preterism "This.. is the real deal of
what FP teaches: the earth will never, ever, never, ever never never
know peace.......WAR IS THE NORM on earth for INFINITY. Folks....this is
now unmasked..... "
HyP Review: "What the true proverb says has happened … "The dog returns to its own vomit, and the sow, after washing herself, returns to wallow in the mire.") Response to Green on Towards a Fuller Preterism (11/3/10) - "Green here asserts that “in accordance with BIBLE PROPHECY” we are still “growing”. So, let’s think logically here. If BIBLE PROPHECY is still BEING fulfilled (still growing as the PROPHETS said) beyond A.D. 70, then…..well, you can do the math. But, in case you missed that, Green says it again: the Bible “describes” the age to come. Now, this was the whole point of my paper, was it not. But, if this is true, then the Bible speaks “beyond” A.D. 70. And, if it so speaks (prophesies), then what exactly is the problem, Dave? You have made my point: Bible Prophecy was not “all” fulfilled in A.D. 70! Q.E.D. If it “describes” (read, prophesies), then, clearly, all prophecy is not yet fulfilled. This underscores my point: ongoing FULFILLMENT. Ask a Covenant Creationist if prophecy is, in any way, shape, or form, “being fulfilled” today. It is THIS TYPE of FP that I am attacking. It’s not a straw man." Green: "Sam believes that the Second Coming and Resurrection of the Dead will be consummated in our future. Does he not? If so, then it follows that he is not a full preterist. "
HyP Review: Mike Sullivan, David Green, Ed Hassertt: Sam Frost's Departure from Full Preterism into the Partial Preterist / Preterist Idealist World of Talbot (9/10/2010 - Link Removed) "In Sam’s end of the world article he claimed that Full Preterist’s understand the long ages of Isaiah 65 as teaching “spiritual abundance.” I followed this up with asking Sam if this meant that he changed his interpretation of the passage (to the FP one), or if he was being misleading in that he was still holding onto a PP Postmillennial (PPP) hermeneutic (it is spiritual [“spiritual abundance”] AND literal – the long ages will be seen as the passage is “fully manifested/fulfilled” over time). Again, Sam dodged the question. How scholarly, respectful, and loving." Sam Frost Response: "no Preterist has been able to say to me that 'nothing changes' when we physically die. In other words, it is correct to say 'I am glorified' today in the Body of Christ, as He is Glorified. However, is this glorification FULLY MANIFEST or APPARENT today? Now, ask yourself: will it be in heaven when I physically die? Will anything change? Will I still be the same, old bumbling Sam Frost that I am here on earth? Will I still be subject to occasional sin? Error? If not, why not? Do I get 'something else' in Heaven? It is not so much that we 'get' something else, but that that which WE HAVE (II Cor. 5.1-2) will be ENTIRELY in FULL OPERATION - FULL ON POWER. If this, then, is so, then one must concede the argument of 'fullfillment already - manifestation not yet' (my argument in a nutshell)"
2003: The Book of Revelation and Eschatology "I believe that Revelation was written in about A.D. 65. I further believe that it speaks to the original Christian audience regarding difficulties they were facing and in explanation of the coming final removal of Jerusalem by God’s wrath. "
2003: Christ's Resurrection and Ours "Unfortunately, a new gnosticism is infecting the church: hyper-preterism. One major feature of hyper-preterism is its denial of a future physical resurrection of the believer at the end of history. As we shall see, this contradicts a major result of the resurrection of Christ."
2001: Recent Developments in the Eschatological Debate "A cult-like enthusiasm fuels this unorthodox movement, which teaches that the total complex of end time events transpired in the first-century: the Second Advent, the resurrection, the rapture of the saints, and the great judgment. It is to preterism what hyper-Calvinism is to historic Calvinism: a theological pushing beyond Biblical constraints. This view is not supported by any creed or any council of the church in history."
2000: Back to the Future - The Preterist Perspective "One of the best known and most accessible of the ancient preterists is Eusebius (A.D. 260-340), the "father of church history." In his classic Ecclesiastical History he details Jerusalem's woes in A.D. 70. After a lengthy citation from Josephus's Wars of the Jews, Eusebius writes that "it is fitting to add to his accounts the true prediction of our Saviour in which he foretold these very events" (3:7:1-2.)"
1999: Apocalypse Then "To insist that the events described therein are yet to happen sometime in the future is to do violence to the plain meaning of the phrases "shortly take place," and "the time is near."
1998: The Beast of Revelation Identified "Nero and Nero alone fits the bill as the specific or personal expression of the Beast."
Brief Theological Analysis of Hyper-Preterism 1989:
The Spiritual Nature of the Kingdom
"it was just that sort of kingdom (natural) that the first-century Jews wanted and that Christ refused: "When Jesus therefore perceived that they would come and take him by force, to make him a king, he departed again into a mountain himself alone" (John 6:15)." 1997 Review:
"Revelation: Four Views" - Book Review
"David Chiltons Days of Vengeance (despite some flights of fancy, use of astrology, and high liturgy) is an extremely insightful commentary."
Grotius 1641-45 Latin:
Annotations on the New Testament First
Scholar of Reputation to Openly Embrace Systematic Preterist Eschatology “This was the first commentary of any length to be published in the
English language,” E. Earl Ellis "Having gone through all the other parts of the New Testament, I came to this last of the Apocalypse, as to a rock that many had miscarried and split upon, with a full resolution not to venture on the expounding of one word in it, but onely to perform one office to it, common to the rest, the review of the Translation: But it pleased God otherwise to dispose of it ; for before I had read (with the design of translating only) to the end of the first verse of the book, these words,
which must come to pass presently, had such an impression on my mind, offering themselves as a key to the whole prophecie, (in like manner as,
this generation shall not passe till all these things be fulfilled, Matt. 24.34. have demonstrated infallibly to what coming of Christ the whole Chapter did belong) that I could not resist the force of them, but attempted presently a general survey of the whole Book, to see whether those words might not probably be extended to all the prophecies of it, and have a literal truth in them,
viz., that the things foretold and represented in the ensuing vision ; were
presently, speedily, to come to passe,
one after another, after the writing of them."
First Protestant to Adopt Preterism
Henry Hammond (1605-1660)
First Generation Modern Preterist
The Spiritual Nature of the Kingdom
"it was just that sort of kingdom (natural) that the first-century Jews wanted and that Christ refused: "When Jesus therefore perceived that they would come and take him by force, to make him a king, he departed again into a mountain himself alone" (John 6:15)."
"Revelation: Four Views" - Book Review
"David Chiltons Days of Vengeance (despite some flights of fancy, use of astrology, and high liturgy) is an extremely insightful commentary."
1641-45 Latin: Annotations on the New Testament First Scholar of Reputation to Openly Embrace Systematic Preterist Eschatology
“This was the first commentary of any length to be published in the English language,” E. Earl Ellis
"Having gone through all the other parts of the New Testament, I came to this last of the Apocalypse, as to a rock that many had miscarried and split upon, with a full resolution not to venture on the expounding of one word in it, but onely to perform one office to it, common to the rest, the review of the Translation: But it pleased God otherwise to dispose of it ; for before I had read (with the design of translating only) to the end of the first verse of the book, these words, which must come to pass presently, had such an impression on my mind, offering themselves as a key to the whole prophecie, (in like manner as, this generation shall not passe till all these things be fulfilled, Matt. 24.34. have demonstrated infallibly to what coming of Christ the whole Chapter did belong) that I could not resist the force of them, but attempted presently a general survey of the whole Book, to see whether those words might not probably be extended to all the prophecies of it, and have a literal truth in them, viz., that the things foretold and represented in the ensuing vision ; were presently, speedily, to come to passe, one after another, after the writing of them."
James B. Jordan
1991: The Future of Israel Re-examined (Three Parts) "The true sons of Abraham, and of the Biblical Jews, are those who accept the New Covenant. The true owners of the promised land are those who moved into the New Covenant with Jesus, and who set aside Passover and synagogue for something better."
1988: The Abomination of Desolation (Three Parts) "I am taking for granted the fundamental preterist position as set forth by Jay Adams in The Time Is at Hand and by David Chilton in Paradise Restored and Days of Vengeance."
1971: Appearance of the Sign
"The Fall of Pagan Rome Was Likewise Contemplated by Bible Prophecy"
1842: Eusebius, Bishop of Caesarea, on the Theophania, or Divine Manifestation of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ. A Syriac Version. Edited from an ancient manuscript recently discovered by S. Lee. Syriac. London: Society for the Publication of Oriental Texts (1842). 8o. Printed in the Peshito Character.
Sermons on the Study of the Holy Scriptures : their nature,
interpretation, and some of their most important doctrines :
preached before the University of Cambridge, in the years 1827-8 :
to which are annexed two dissertations, the first on the
reasonableness of the orthodox views of Christianity, as opposed to
the rationalism of Germany : the second on the interpretation of
prophecy generally, with an original exposition of the book of
Revelation, shewing that the whole of that remarkable prophecy has
long ago been fulfilled. Hamilton Circulating Coll. BS415.L43 1830
- "This did not
occur to me when I wrote my Exposition on this book. I then followed Dr. Hammond, erroneously placing these powers beyond the limit assigned to them by Daniel and St. John."
(Dissertation on Eusebius) 1896 Review:
Scholar of a Past Generation
Memoir By His Daughter
1896 Review: Scholar of a Past Generation - Memoir By His Daughter
Partially Responsible for Westminster Confession
1684: Commentary on Matthew 24
1684: Commentary on Mark 13
1684: John Lightfoot on the Fall of Jerusalem "Section 79: Christ foretelleth the destruction of Jerusalem, the signs and miseries preceeding and accompanying it"
Concerning the Fall of Jerusalem
1811: An Examination of the Prophecy Contained in the 24th Chapter of St. Matthew's Gospel (PDF) The design in these sheets is to prove, that the Prophecy of our Saviour refers entirely and exclusively to the destruction of Jerusalem, and not to the end of the World : which, if proved, refutes the grand objection of Infidelity, founded on these words at the conclusion of this Prophecy, "Verily, verily, this generation shall not pass away before all these things be fulfilled."
2004: Babylon is Not Jerusalem
2001: Premillennial Preterism
2001: Revelation Chapter 12
Ovid Need, Jr.
Unregistered, Independent Baptist
1996: A Review of "The Parousia" and "Beast of Revelation" "It appears to me that most prophetic teachers fail to realize that prophecy is from the time the passages are written, not from the time they are read."
1991: The Dead Bones - The promise given to David of place of their own, and move no more, is Christ, the Son of David.
1991: Israel Restored - The covenant-promise was that Abraham's seed should be the heir of the world. The promise was not made to Abraham's physical seed, but to his spiritual seed. Through faith in Christ, the Gospel Church is joint-heir with Christ. (Rom. 4:13, 14, 8:17.)
1991: Tongues: A Biblical View "Tongues (the supernatural ability to speak in a foreign language), as mentioned in Acts and Corinthians, are no longer needed. Their need was fulfilled in 70 A.D. when the judgment which they spoke of came upon Israel; therefore, this supernatural gift is gone. Prophecies and knowledge in the sense which Philip's daughter spoke are gone also, gradually replaced with the more sure word of prophecy and knowledge, the word of God (Acts 21:9). The Apostle John finished the word of God." (1994)
John Noē, Ph.D.
2014: Unraveling the End A Biblical Synthesis of Four Competing and Conflicting End-time Views A theological paper presented at the 59th Annual Midwest Regional Evangelical Theological Society Meeting
2006: An Exegetical Basis for a Preterist-Idealist Understanding of the Book of Revelation “The revelation of Jesus Christ” (Rev 1:1) has a fuller significance and deeper character beyond its AD 70 eschatological fulfillment. Consequently, the preterist notion that it only applies to AD 70 when Christ supposedly came in “finality” is a weakness to be amended. And in a preterist-idealist synthesis, the strength of idealism remains that it “secures its relevance for all periods of the church’s history.” But its major weakness—i.e. “its refusal to see a firm historical anchorage”— is removed. That missing anchorage is supplied by Revelation’s A.D-70 fulfillment."
2004: Restoring the Kingdom-of-God Worldview to the Church and the World "To be presented at the 49th annual meeting of the Midwest Region of the Evangelical Theological Society on the campus of Lincoln Christian College and Seminary, Lincoln, Illinois, March 19-20, 2004. The conference theme is: “Taking Every Thought Captive to Christ: Theology and the Formation of a Christian Worldview.”
2003: Armageddon: Past or Future? "Armageddon is coming April 8th! According to proponents, that’s the publicized date when it will be “unleashing everywhere” and “no one will escape!” The only question now being asked by a multi-media promotional campaign is, “Are you prepared for Armageddon?"
2002: What About Paul's Man of Sin? "In dramatic paralleled fashion, Scripture gives this "man of sin" John of Gischala, the son of Levi- the name of" the one doomed to destruction" or "the son of perdition," the same name given to another infamous betrayer, Judas Iscariot (compare Jn. 17:12 with 2Th. 2:3 KJV). Both appeared in the same "last days" time frame of the Old Covenant age. Judas betrayed Jesus. John of Gischala betrayed the Jews, fulfilling Paul's "man of sin" prophecy to a tee. "
Arthur M. Ogden
1997: Dating the Book of Revelation "The final destruction of Jerusalem came in 70 A.D. God's purposes and plans were all in place by this time. Nothing remained to be done."
2004: Dealing with (Parousia) Delay: A critique of Christian coping "The Roman destruction of the Jewish temple in the Jewish war of 66-70 CE alone satisfies the temporal requirements for the imminency of the parousia and the historical requirements for the transformation of relations wrought by God ushering in a new reality of the church as the kingdom of God. "
2000: Preterism and the Question of Heresy "Orthodox faith and orthodox doctrines are those that honor God rightly," whereas "heresy" refers to the false doctrine of those who "have abandoned the faith" and move others to do the same.  If heresy has to do with a denial of the principle that God has provided redemption in Christ, as McGrath says, it is hard to understand how preterism can be viewed as a heresy, for it affirms "the orthodox faith and orthodox doctrines" in all points as expressed in the great creeds and confessions while endeavoring to "honor God rightly" by insisting that the consummation of God's redemptive purpose in Christ's parousia has not been frustrated or postponed, but rather accomplished according to the clear chronology set forth in the NT. Preterists believe this evidence is so compelling that they are willing to suffer the accusations and condemnations of others in their effort to affirm the words of the apostle Paul: "let God be true, and every man a liar. As it is written: 'So that you may be proved right when you speak and prevail when you judge'" (Rom 3:4).
1999: Jesus the Preterist: A Review of Sproul's Last Days "Material continuity with the person prior to death has certainly been the predominant view of the resurrection body throughout Christian history. Both the body and the soul of the one who rises are therein viewed as necessary to insure that the risen one is numerically the same individual. Personal identity is thus secured when God recollects the scattered matter, miraculously reconstitutes it in a human body, and reunites it with the soul. The problems attending the view of personal identity as a recollection of scattered matter are, of course, significant. The most obvious is the perennial concern raised as to how human material which has long since biodegraded into the dust and become part of the grass which is eaten by the cows which has been consumed by subsequent generations of human beings can be recollected."
1997: The Meeting in the Air (I Thess 4:17) "The meeting in the air is not a literal rapture of believers, but a symbolic depiction of the final battle of Christ and the powers of darkness which oppose him and his people. Paul responds by declaring that Christ will come with those departed believers, demonstrating that they have been and will remain his; they and the angelic hosts come to behold the final battle which Christ wages with the powers of darkness inhabiting the air."
2011: Days of Vengeance - 33-page outline The destruction of Jerusalem was an act of God's vengeance and judgment, not Rome's; these would be the days when people were punished for their sins. The destruction of the holy city was not an accidental or arbitrary act, but the just recompense of reward for those who rejected God's Son.
2008: Narrative-realism, Preterism, and the relevance of scripture / Discussion "Can anyone help me out with a bit of theological jargon and terminology that I’m trying to get my head around? I’ve been reading a fair bit of the articles on Open Source Theology and I keep coming up against, what many of their authors call the ‘narrative-historical argument’ or the ‘narrative-realist’ approach. Andrew Perriman, one of the authors, even describes himself as doing ‘biblical theology after Christendom in a narrative-realist mode’. In reading the various articles however this narrative-realism seems to sound a whole lot like classic preterism. My question for all the budding theologians out there is what is the difference between the two (preterism and the narrative-realist approach)? Or are they pretty much the same thing – in which case this narrative-realist approach is not really all that new. Help me please…"
1764: The Rise and Fall of the Holy City and Temple of Jerusalem An argument in defence of Christianity. Being the substance of a discourse preached at the Temple Church. "This great event is foretold by almost all the prophets. The destruction of Jerusalem is expressed by The GREAT DAY OF THE LORD"
Critical Rebuttal by Eyre: APPENDIX TO Observations on the Prophecies relating to the Restoration of the Jews, BEING AN ANSWER TO THE OBJECTIONS of a late AUTHOR (1771 PDF) "WHILST I was writing the preceding observations, there came to my hands at pamphlet, intituled, The Rise and Fall of the Holy City and Temple of Jerusalem, &c. by Gregory Sharpe, LL.D. in which the restoration of the Jews, which I have here been endeavouring to prove, is absolutely denied. "
Larry T. Smith
2013: Signs of the End "The signs in 24:4–35 refer to the coming of Jesus in AD 70 to judge Jerusalem and those who rejected Him as the Messiah. This coming was not our Lord’s second advent as judge over the whole earth, which this view argues is yet to come. Full preterism (which denies that Christ’s second advent lies ahead) is to be rejected for its failure to recognize an essential truth of Scripture (Acts 1:6–11). Full preterists erroneously believe the events of AD 70 and the second advent are identical, allowing for no subsequent return of the King."
Review: Luther's Baggage: Israel in the Eschata, Part 3 of 3 "Sproul says that in his eschatological pilgrimage, he has fluctuated, at times being drawn to the amillennial position and at other times, the historic premillennial view. However, despite having given little credence to postmillennialism in the past, he says: “Yet to my surprise, I have found myself more and more attracted to an orthodox post-mill position with its moderate preterist perspective”.
Review: Theologian Offers Clarity to Rapture, Last Days Beliefs "Denouncing the (full preterist) position, Sproul contended, "In order to take the position that both the resurrection and the rapture took place in the first century, one has to spiritualize the texts." "It's very difficult to spiritualize the bodily resurrection of the saints without at the same time actually denying the bodily resurrection of the saints," he argued.
1842: Hints on the Interpretation of Prophecy "The destruction of Jerusalem put an end of course to the Jewish persecuting power in Judea. Consequently the period in which Christianity becomes triumphant over persecution there, is contemporaneous with the destruction of Jerusalem. Nothing can be more clear, than that the period of the two witnesses is the same as that of "treading the holy city under foot by the Gentiles," Rev. 11:2,3. Two witnesses, and but two, are specified, as we may very naturally suppose, because "by the mouth of two or three witnesses every word is established. The sum of Rev. xi. is, then, that the Romans would invade and tread down Palestine for 3 1/2 years, and that Christians, during that period, would be bitterly persecuted and slain ; but still, that, after the same period, the persecution would cease there, and the religion of Jesus become triumphant. The words of the Saviour in Matt. xxiv. compared with the tenor of Rev. xi., seem to lead us plainly and safely to these conclusions."
1907: Biblical Dogmatics - The Doctrine of the Resurrection (Pages 212 – 251) Adam Clarke thus comments: "I do not think that he refers to the resurrection of the body, but to the resurrection of the soul in this life; to the regaining of the image which Adam lost."
1898: Apocalypse of the Gospels Making the connection between the Olivet Discourse and the Book of Revelation (1898)
1898: The Consummation of the pre-Messianic Age "Some writers find such a crisis or end in the crucifixion of Jesus, and the moment when he said, "It is finished." (tetelestai). Others say it was at the resurrection; some few designate the ascension; but many have taught that the outpouring of the Spirit on the day of Pentecost was the coming of Christ in his kingdom, the end of the old and the beginning o the new age. To all of these theories there are two insuperable objections:"
1898: Biblical Apocalyptics - Focuses on the Prophetic portions of Scripture
1887: "The End of the Age"
1883: Biblical Hermeneutics Textbook in many colleges - "A treatise on the Interpretation of the Old and New Testament"
Continuous Development of the Kingdom of Christ "It is not said that we must all appear at one and the same moment before the judgment seat of Christ. This second appearing of Christ, apart from sin, to them that wait for him unto salvation, as well as the judgment here spoken of, is something to come to each man after death. Thus in a very true and holy sense were they caught away to a meeting of the Lord in the air. Such a departing to be with Christ is not to be deemed incompatible with the Lord's coming to receive them unto himself. And this glorious process is continually going on, and has been since the time when Stephen saw the heavens opened, and beheld the glory of God, That day is the day or time of his departure (ver. 6). For why should we commit this scripture to the notion that even now, after nearly two thousand years, Paul is still waiting and longing for the crown of righteousness!"
2000: Notes on Eschatology
Israel P. Warren
Book of Revelation: an exposition based on the principles of
Professor Stuart's Commentary, and designed to familiarize
those principles to the minds of non-professional readers
a book we had never before seen, and of whose contents we were
ignorant, were placed in our hands, we should turn at once to
the title- page to ascertain its subject. If we found
that subject distinctly stated there, we should deem it
conclusive as to the import of the book. We should not regard
ourselves at liberty to assume that it was designed to refer to
something else without clear and positive evidence to that
effect. If, for instance, the title-page declared it to be a
history of the American Revolution, we should not think it
reasonable to expect in it the history of the late Rebellion, or
the life of Napoleon III. The language of the title-page we
should inevitably regard as the key to the. book.
Now the title-page of the Book of Revelation
gives us such a key. We marvel that it should ever have been
misapprehended: "The Revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave unto
him, to shew unto his servants
THINGS WHICH MUST SHORTLY COME TO PASS."
Annotations to the New Testament
With Seven Discourses; and an Appendix Entituled Examen Variantium Lectionum Johannis Millii,
S.T.P. in Novum Testamentum The Treatifes added to this Addition are
these: A Differtation
concerning the Baptism of Infants, on Matth. xxviii. 19.
p. 15. An Answer to
Mr. Whifton's Difcourfe, on Matth. xxiv. p. 25.
of his Difcourfe concerning Abiathar the High Priest, on
Mark ii. 36. A Difcourfe
concerning the Imputation of Chrift's perfect
Righteoufnefs to us for Righteoufness or Juftification,
p. 68 A Defence of a
Paffage in the Preface to the Epiflle to the Galatians. A Difcourfe
enquiring whether the Apoftles, in their Writings, spake
as conceiving that the Day of Judgment might be in their
Days, p. 113. A Parallel
betwixt the Apoftacy of the Jewifh and the Papal
Antichrift, p. 119.
G.L. White 1905:
Parousia of Christ
Heaven Misplaced: Christ's Kingdom on Earth
"The position argued here holds that the book of Revelation, with
the exception of the last three chapters, was fulfilled two thousand
70 Weeks - Future or Fulfilled? - "With Adam Clarke we say: "The whole of this prophecy from the times and corresponding events has been fulfilled to the very letter." (Clarke's Commentary, note on Daniel 9)."
Matthew 24 - Future or Fulfilled? - "By 70 A. D., the gospel had gone forth to the world for a witness. No longer was God's message to man be confined to one nation or race!" Email PreteristArchive.com's Sole Developer and Curator, Todd Dennis
(todd @ preteristarchive.com)
Opened in 1996
1885: The Book of Revelation: an exposition based on the principles of Professor Stuart's Commentary, and designed to familiarize those principles to the minds of non-professional readers "If a book we had never before seen, and of whose contents we were ignorant, were placed in our hands, we should turn at once to the title- page to ascertain its subject. If we found that subject distinctly stated there, we should deem it conclusive as to the import of the book. We should not regard ourselves at liberty to assume that it was designed to refer to something else without clear and positive evidence to that effect. If, for instance, the title-page declared it to be a history of the American Revolution, we should not think it reasonable to expect in it the history of the late Rebellion, or the life of Napoleon III. The language of the title-page we should inevitably regard as the key to the. book. Now the title-page of the Book of Revelation gives us such a key. We marvel that it should ever have been misapprehended: "The Revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave unto him, to shew unto his servants THINGS WHICH MUST SHORTLY COME TO PASS."
1710: Additional Annotations to the New Testament With Seven Discourses; and an Appendix Entituled Examen Variantium Lectionum Johannis Millii, S.T.P. in Novum Testamentum
The Treatifes added to this Addition are these:
A Differtation concerning the Baptism of Infants, on Matth. xxviii. 19. p. 15.
An Answer to Mr. Whifton's Difcourfe, on Matth. xxiv. p. 25.
An Examination of his Difcourfe concerning Abiathar the High Priest, on Mark ii. 36.
A Difcourfe concerning the Imputation of Chrift's perfect Righteoufnefs to us for Righteoufness or Juftification, p. 68
A Defence of a Paffage in the Preface to the Epiflle to the Galatians.
A Difcourfe enquiring whether the Apoftles, in their Writings, spake as conceiving that the Day of Judgment might be in their Days, p. 113.
A Parallel betwixt the Apoftacy of the Jewifh and the Papal Antichrift, p. 119.
1905: The Parousia of Christ
2008: Heaven Misplaced: Christ's Kingdom on Earth "The position argued here holds that the book of Revelation, with the exception of the last three chapters, was fulfilled two thousand years ago."
1971: 70 Weeks - Future or Fulfilled? - "With Adam Clarke we say: "The whole of this prophecy from the times and corresponding events has been fulfilled to the very letter." (Clarke's Commentary, note on Daniel 9)."
1971: Matthew 24 - Future or Fulfilled? - "By 70 A. D., the gospel had gone forth to the world for a witness. No longer was God's message to man be confined to one nation or race!"
Email PreteristArchive.com's Sole Developer and Curator, Todd Dennis
(todd @ preteristarchive.com)
Opened in 1996