BOOKS: BIBLICAL STUDIES (1500BC-AD70) / EARLY CHRISTIAN PRETERISM (AD50-1000) / FREE ONLINE BOOKS (AD1000-2008)
AD70 Dispensationalism: According to
that view, AD70 was the end of 'this age' and the start of the 'age to come'.
Those who lived before AD70 could only 'see in part' and such, lacking
the resurrection and redemptive blessings which supposedly came only
Herod's Temple in Jerusalem
fell. Accordingly, AD70 was not only the end of Old
Testament Judaism, but it was also the end of the revelation of
Christianity as seen in the New Testament.
AD70 Dispensationalism: According to that view, AD70 was the end of 'this age' and the start of the 'age to come'. Those who lived before AD70 could only 'see in part' and such, lacking the resurrection and redemptive blessings which supposedly came only when Herod's Temple in Jerusalem fell. Accordingly, AD70 was not only the end of Old Testament Judaism, but it was also the end of the revelation of Christianity as seen in the New Testament.
material is being archived for balanced representation of all preterist views,
but is classified under the theological term hyper (as in beyond
the acceptable range of tolerable doctrines) at this website. The
classification of all full preterism as Hyper Preterism (HyP) is built
upon well over a decade of intense research at PreteristArchive.com, and
the convictions of
the website curator (a
former full preterist pastor). The HyP
theology of final resurrection and consummation in the fall of Jerusalem, with its dispensational line in AD70
(end of old age, start of new age), has never been known among authors
through nearly 20 centuries of Christianity leading up
to 1845, when the earliest known full preterist book was written.
Even though there may be many secondary points of agreement between
Historical/Modern Preterism and Hyper Preterism, their premises are undeniably and
THE FOLLOWING MATERIAL HAS BEEN CLASSIFIED AS "HYPER PRETERIST"
"Full preterist" material is being archived for balanced representation of all preterist views, but is classified under the theological term hyper (as in beyond the acceptable range of tolerable doctrines) at this website. The classification of all full preterism as Hyper Preterism (HyP) is built upon well over a decade of intense research at PreteristArchive.com, and the convictions of the website curator (a former full preterist pastor). The HyP theology of final resurrection and consummation in the fall of Jerusalem, with its dispensational line in AD70 (end of old age, start of new age), has never been known among authors through nearly 20 centuries of Christianity leading up to 1845, when the earliest known full preterist book was written. Even though there may be many secondary points of agreement between Historical/Modern Preterism and Hyper Preterism, their premises are undeniably and fundamentally different.
WARNING: THE FOLLOWING MATERIAL HAS BEEN CLASSIFIED AS "HYPER PRETERIST"
SOME DISTINCTIVE DOCTRINES OF SYSTEMATIZED HYPER PRETERISM
It is important to keep in mind that many ideas and doctrines full preterism appeals to - such as the complete end of the Old Covenant world in AD70 - are by no means distinctive to that view. Many non HyPs believe this as well, so one need not embrace the Hyper Preterist system in order to endorse this view. Following are exceptional doctrines which, so far as I've seen, are only taught by adherents of Hyper Preterism.:
DISTINCTIVE DOCTRINES TAUGHT BY STANDARD FULL PRETERISM
DISTINCTIVE DOCTRINES TAUGHT BY VARIOUS FORMS
New Covenant Salvation
By David A. Green
"That salvation was predicted, foreshadowed, and proclaimed in the old testament. It was a salvation that would be fulfilled and realized at the Cross of Christ, and fully consummated at His Presence in the end of the old-covenant age in A.D. 70."
One Lord, One Faith
We hear much about the "old" and the "new." We are aware that the old covenant was inferior and powerless to save, while the new is perfect and absolutely powerful to save. We are often going back to the changing of the covenants, and we unavoidably observe their conspicuous contrast to each other. Sometimes, when we are involved in regarding the dissimilarities of the two covenants, there may be a tendency to make the contrast greater than it actually is.
We must be careful not to divide the two covenants to such an extent that we make them totally disconnected from each other. We must not say that the Old Covenant was a covenant intended to save man through obedience and that the New Covenant is a covenant of grace. God was the giver of both covenants, and His purpose for man in giving each of them was that man might trust in Him for his salvation. In practical terms, we should not teach that how men came to know God under the Old Covenant was somehow different than how men come to know God today.
There are dispensationalists who teach that God was forced to go to plan "B" -the cross- after the Jews thwarted His original purpose by keeping Jesus from setting up His allegedly promised fleshly Kingdom. The dispensationalists' strict dichotomy of the two covenants force them to teach that Christianity is a second-best, parenthetical system which is destined to fail, while the old covenant way of worship is what God intends for man in the future, and is meant to completely replace the present covenant when Jesus returns to fulfill His "original purpose."
Similarly, we who are not dispensationalists must not teach that the New Covenant was God's alternate plan "B" after His first attempt to save man (the old covenant) failed. The God Who established the old covenant is sovereign and almighty, and did not give it in the hopes that maybe, hopefully man would follow it, and receive eternal life through perfect obedience to it. The purpose of the old covenant was clearly to foreshadow the new, as the purpose of the new was to fulfill the old.
No one has been justified, that is no one has come to know God, through obedience, and no one was ever meant to. God had imposed many rituals, ceremonies and regulations upon His people under the Law, but God nowhere taught that obedience -even perfect obedience- could result in eternal life. God intended the Law to instruct the people and lead them through their history to Christ.
Conversely, even though the old covenant brought death and the New brought life, we should not infer from this that the old was evil. The old covenant, or the Law, was man's school master, intended by design to be incomplete in and of itself, and temporary in purpose. It heralded the way for the New Covenant and led God's chosen ones to it. It was in perfect agreement with the New Covenant, as a shadow is in perfect agreement with its object. The old things passed away, true, but not because the old covenant was bad or a failure in its purpose, but because it had served its purpose; its King had come to dwell among the people, fulfilling the prophecies and laws of the old covenant with His own Presence. Even though the old covenant was glorious, holy, just and good, it vanished because it dimmed in comparison to the brightness of the glory of the Presence of Jesus Christ- Who was the Meaning and the Fulfillment, indeed the very Heart of the old covenant.
Now, since the two covenants therefore did not refute each other, but served each other, we may conclude that the New Covenant was not given to introduce a salvation, or a salvation plan, that was alien to that of the old covenant. Jesus established His Covenant with His people upon those things which were firmly rooted in the old covenant. The old covenant saints were, and we ourselves are justified in the same one Way (Jn. 14:6; Acts 4:12).
It is appropriate then, that we examine our view of how we're saved. If we find our understanding of how we're justified presented only in the New Testament but do not see it springing forth from every part of the old-covenant writings, we should re-evaluate our understanding of that way of justification. In order for the New Covenant to be valid, it must be the revelation of the old. The old covenant was the New Covenant concealed, and the New Covenant is the old covenant revealed.
Thus, there was always one Way of justification, as there is one God, one human family and one Eternal Covenant. That salvation was predicted, foreshadowed, and proclaimed in the old testament. It was a salvation that would be fulfilled and realized at the Cross of Christ, and fully consummated at His Presence in the end of the old-covenant age in A.D. 70. That Salvation is the heart of the old and New Testament.
The Death of Man
As salvation was coming to light after the cross, the first Christians were deeming the things of the old system under which they had previously lived as loss; for many of them, as unbelieving Jews, had wrongly handled the Law of Moses and had relied on it as their way of salvation (Philippians 3:4-6). They thus had tried to establish their own righteousness based on obedience (vs.9). But when they received salvation in Christ they came to understand that their faith would soon bring about the complete end of the sinful old-covenant world.
Through the sinfulness of the people, the system of Judaism was increasingly revealed to be a world of legalism and death. Even though God had given the Law to lead Israel to Christ, it had been corrupted by Israel's wicked leaders, and violated by the people as a whole. By the first century A.D., Israel had become thoroughly disobedient to it. The Law, which the Jews had proudly claimed for themselves as the way of salvation, was about to prove once for all, at the end of the age, to be the witness and testimony of man's condemnation.
Israel relied on a works-/ritual-related plan of salvation, which was characterized by an abuse of such practices as circumcision, sacrifices, Sabbath-keeping, etc. In such things the 1st-century Jews loved to glory, and it was because of this that they hated Christ. For Christ was going to take their works-glory away from them and remove their "righteousness" and their position from among His people forever. In so doing Christ Jesus would take the Kingdom of God away from the wicked and transform it into the eternal, spiritual Kingdom [in AD70] which He had promised in the prophets. For Israel and its religious leaders, the regeneration of God's Kingdom would mean the end of religious domination over the earth.
For that reason, Israel crucified the Messiah- an act which was covenantal/spiritual suicide. It was as if they had nailed their whole worship order -covenant, law, prophets, Messiah, every aspect of their worship economy- on the cross. That transcendent crime put the holy people under God's curse, and precipitated the sure and imminent destruction of their whole covenant-system. Their place and their nation were about to be taken away forever.
The Last-days rebellion which followed the cross, proved with finality Israel's (and mankind's) hopeless inability to ever attain unto eternal life. So surely did that wicked generation ruin their own souls and seal their own damnation by murdering the Son of God and persecuting His church, that in the years following, they broke God's Law with ever-increasing madness and depravity, even to the very end. Today the Rebellion stands in history as a monument to the righteousness of man!
At the same time that Israel's breaking of the Law was proving its sinfulness before God, Israel's continual sinning was manifesting the Law to be much too weak in the power needed to make their hearts righteous unto salvation. It was being revealed that the old covenant in all of its glory was the ministration of death through the sinfulness of man.
Man was lost. Not only was God's Law proven too weak to save, and not only was man's heart forever missing the mark and coming up short of God's Law, but in the end mankind had finally proven the sinfulness of his heart in a way which removed all doubt in the sight of God and man as to mankind's true spiritual character in his own righteousness: Man murdered his own Redeemer, the Covenant-Giver Himself, God in the flesh. Through the cross then, it was revealed that mankind was, spiritually (covenantally) speaking, dead --dead in sin. For the death of the Messiah was the death of man. By A.D. 70, man was twice dead, for he was not only judged as a breaker of the old covenant, but of the New Covenant as well. And God's fiery judgment against sin, and His fierce vengeance was meted out in the end of the age. The time for man's righteousness and glory was over. Every possibility for him to aspire toward Heaven was removed from him. There was no conceivable hope left of man ever receiving the blessing of God.
Saved by Grace
God is love in those who know Him. Man was condemned through the cross and the Parousia (Coming of Christ), but it was through the cross and the Parousia that God justified His elect and demonstrated His tender mercy toward His children. He commended His love toward His church at the cross, and it was permanently established and fulfilled at His glorious Presence. [TD: This is just horrible theology, I hope you can see] When all were dead in sin and there was no one to save, God alone worked mightily and saved his chosen ones out from among the dead. [in AD70] He preserved them till the end [AD70] and was not willing that any of them should perish. He graciously forgave them of all their sin and freely gave to them eternal life in His Kingdom, in the Covenant of His blood. [in AD70] (Archived this peach in Regressive)
The great Work of Christ in the end of the old world established forever this truth: Sin reduces obedience to a tragically powerless aid to salvation; and the impossibility of attaining salvation through obedience makes salvation an impossibility for all men. Even the best man cannot receive eternal life through obedience to a commandment or commandments. This was the lesson which the school master, the Law, and its final consummation in A.D. 70 teach us. We cannot attain salvation through any means at all. But thanks be to God. Jesus IS our Salvation.
It will always be true that man by nature is not willing to trust in the power of God to justify. At best man is willing only to trust in the power of God to justify him THROUGH MAN'S OBEDIENCE TO GOD'S COMMANDMENT(S). But this religious philosophy was judged and sifted out of God's Kingdom in A.D. 70 at the destruction of Jesus' enemies.
The Jews of the first century and the judgment which came upon them should stand as examples to us all so that we may see what the way of death really is, and avoid it at all cost. We should count everything as trash which opposes God's grace in Christ. After we have come to know God, we should view all legalistic (works- and/or ritual-oriented) concepts of justification, and all self-saving religious practices as trash, or even as lower than trash. God opposes all religious institutions that impose upon people a works- or ritual-oriented mode of salvation.
What is the difference between how people came to know God in the Old Testament and how people come to know God today? Whether Adam, Abraham, David, Paul, or you and me- we were all justified by grace through faith, in the Eternal Covenant. The old and the New Covenant teach the same Salvation of God; the old looked forward to it and the New Covenant realized it, but both covenants accommodated and declared the same salvation. This is why Abraham is said to be our father even though he lived before the old covenant and we live in the new. Abraham was justified -he came to know God- by faith before he was circumcised, i.e., before he met ANY covenantal conditions. This is how the saints of all ages have been justified. The Bible tells us that God's covenant of grace with Abraham was not for him alone, but that it is for all believers. The Bible also tells us that God's Covenant of grace with Abraham was never abolished, not even when God gave the Law to Moses at Mount Sinai (See Romans chapter 4, and Galatians chapter 3.). God's unconditional Covenant is His eternal Covenant with man. God is one and He changes not. "But to one working, the reward is not counted according to grace, but according to debt. But to the one not working, but believing on Him justifying the ungodly, his faith is counted for righteousness." (Rom. 4:4, and 5)
What do YOU think ? Date: 05 Apr 2005
What do YOU think ?
Date: 05 Apr 2005
Date: 30 Apr 2006
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Date: 11 Nov 2007
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