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Introduction and Key


Church-State Relations and the Book of Revelation
An Introduction to The Parousia: A Careful Look at the New Testament Doctrine of the Lord's Second Coming
by James Stuart Russell (1878) // Written by
Todd Dennis, Curator




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070: Clement: First Epistle of Clement

075: Baruch: Apocalypse Of Baruch

075: Barnabus: Epistle of Barnabus

090: Esdras 2 / 4 Ezra

100: Odes of Solomon

150: Justin: Dialogue with Trypho

150: Melito: Homily of the Pascha

175: Irenaeus: Against Heresies

175: Clement of Alexandria: Stromata

198: Tertullian: Answer to the Jews

230: Origen: The Principles | Commentary on Matthew | Commentary on John | Against Celsus

248: Cyprian: Against the Jews

260: Victorinus: Commentary on the Apocalypse "Alcasar, a Spanish Jesuit, taking a hint from Victorinus, seems to have been the first (AD 1614) to have suggested that the Apocalyptic prophecies did not extend further than to the overthrow of Paganism by Constantine."

310: Peter of Alexandria

310: Eusebius: Divine Manifestation of our Lord

312: Eusebius: Proof of the Gospel

319: Athanasius: On the Incarnation

320: Eusebius: History of the Martyrs

325: Eusebius: Ecclesiastical History

345: Aphrahat: Demonstrations

367: Athanasius: The Festal Letters

370: Hegesippus: The Ruin of Jerusalem

386: Chrysostom: Matthew and Mark

387: Chrysostom: Against the Jews

408: Jerome: Commentary on Daniel

417: Augustine: On Pelagius

426: Augustine: The City of God

428: Augustine: Harmony

420: Cassian: Conferences

600: Veronica Legend

800: Aquinas: Eternity of the World




1265: Aquinas: Catena Aurea

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1555: Calvin: Harmony on Evangelists

1556: Jewel: Scripture

1586: Douay-Rheims Bible

1598: Jerusalem's Misery ; The dolefull destruction of faire Ierusalem by Tytus, the Sonne of Vaspasian

1603: Nero : A New Tragedy

1613: Carey: The Fair Queen of Jewry

1614: Alcasar: Vestigatio arcani sensus in Apocalypsi

1654: Ussher: The Annals of the World

1658: Lightfoot: Commentary from Hebraica

1677: Crowne - The Destruction of Jerusalem

1764: Lardner: Fulfilment of our Saviour's Predictions

1776: Edwards: History of Redemption

1785: Churton: Prophecies Respecting the Destruction of Jerusalem

1801: Porteus: Our Lord's Prophecies

1802: Nisbett: The Coming of the Messiah

1805: Jortin: Remarks on Ecclesiastical History

1810: Clarke: Commentary On the Whole Bible

1816: Wilkins: Destruction of Jerusalem Related to Prophecies

1824: Galt: The Bachelor's Wife

1840: Smith: The Destruction of Jerusalem

1841: Currier: The Second Coming of Christ

1842: Bastow : A (Preterist) Bible Dictionary

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1845: Stuart: Commentary on Apocalypse

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1853: Newcombe: Observations on our Lord's Conduct as Divine Instructor

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1859: "Lee of Boston": Eschatology

1861: Maurice: Lectures on the Apocalypse

1863: Thomas Lewin : The Siege of Jerusalem

1865: Desprez: Daniel (Renounced Full Preterism)

1870: Fall of Jerusalem and the Roman Conquest

1871: Dale: Jewish Temple and Christian Church (PDF)

1879: Warren: The Parousia

1882: Farrar: The Early Days of Christianity

1883: Milton S. Terry: Biblical Hermeneutics

1888: Henty: For The Temple

1891: Farrar: Scenes in the days of Nero

1896: Lee : A Scholar of a Past Generation

1902: Church: Story of the Last Days of Jerusalem

1917: Morris: Christ's Second Coming Fulfilled

1985: Lee: Jerusalem; Rome; Revelation (PDF)

1987: Chilton: The Days of Vengeance

2001: Fowler: Jesus - The Better Everything

2006: M. Gwyn Morgan - AD69 - The Year of Four Emperors

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Victorious Eschatology A Partial Preterest View

A Partial Preterist View

Harold R. Eberle & Martin Trench

Table of Contents

1: Understanding Matthew 24
Introduction to Matthew 24
Question #1: “When Will These Things Happen?”
Question #2: “What Will Be the Sign of Your Coming?”
Question #3: “What About the End of the Age (World)?"

2: Understanding the Partial Preterist View
The Partial Preterist View: Victorious View
Advantages of the Partial Preterist View
Multiple Fulfillments of Prophecy?
Challenges to Our Present Beliefs
Things Are Getting Better

3: Prophetic Messages Given to Daniel
The Message of Daniel 2
The Message of Daniel 9

4: Understanding the Book of Revelation
Introduction to Revelation
When Did John Write Revelation?
Overview of Revelation
Revelation 2 and 3: Seven Letters to Seven Churches
Revelation 4 and 5: Heavenly Scene of Christ's Reign
Revelation 6: God's Army Is Arrayed for Battle
Revelation 7-11: Judgment of the Jews
Revelation 12-14: Judgment of the Roman Empire
Revelation 15-18: God's Worldwide Judgments
Revelation 19: The Kingdom of God Is Victorious
Revelation 20: The Millennial Reign of Jesus
Revelation 21 and 22: The New Heaven and Earth

5: The Jews, Israel, and the Temple
The Jewish Rejection of the Messiah
Christians Honoring the Jews
The Coming Jewish Awakening
What About the Land of Israel?
What About the Temple in Jerusalem?

6: The Antichrist
Pertinent Passages About the Antichrist
John's Description of the Antichrist
The Man of Lawlessness

7: The Rapture
Futurist View of the Second Coming
Partial Preterist View of the Second Coming
Examining Pertinent Passages

8: The End-times
The Apostles Believed They Were in the End-times
The Futurist View of the End-times
The Partial Preterist View of the End-times

Bibliography I
Bibliography II


Read this book with the help of the Holy Spirit. Do not approach it with religious or denominational filters, but allow the Holy Spirit to witness truth to you. What Harold Eberle and Martin Trench have written here will cause a shift in your thinking of eschatology or end-time events. We need a shift that will move the Church from a rapture mentality to a harvest theology. We must take off the grave clothes and put on the wedding gown as the bride of Christ. We are the bride of Christ, and the Groom is coming for His bride, but He is coming for a bride in victory that is bringing the kingdom of God on the earth by fulfilling the will of the Father.

We are not the Church in failure, running out the back door while the devil kicks in the front door. We are the Church of Luke 10:19 that has authority over all the power of the enemy.

One thing that I have noticed is that Christians who focus on the harvest don’t really have much time to worry about a rapture. Their goal is to get as many people into the kingdom as possible in preparation for the wedding. A victorious eschatology will put a rapture mind-set behind and a harvest work before you.

Cal Pierce Director, Healing Rooms Ministries International



Eschatology refers to the study of end-times. The

eschatological view presented in this book reveals

that the kingdom of God will grow and advance until

it fills the earth. The Church will rise in unity, maturity,

and glory before the return of Jesus. We will

present to you a victorious eschatology.

Most of the great leaders throughout Church history

held to a victorious eschatology.

However, during the twentieth century, Christians

became increasingly skeptical and pessimistic

about the future. During World War I, Christians in

Europe began to embrace a negative view of the

world. Christians in North America followed suit during

the Depression and World War II. As the world

was thrust face-to-face with challenges and the wickedness

of war, people embraced a negative view of humanity

and a pessimistic view of the future.

It was during those trying periods when many

Christians embraced a more pessimistic eschatology.

They came to believe that the world gradually is slipping

under the influence of wicked leaders and eventually

Satan will take control of the economic and religious

systems of the world. Preachers who embraced

that pessimistic view began to teach that an antichrist

figure will soon rise to prominence and then

deceive most of humanity. They also taught about a

coming great tribulation during which God will pour

out His wrath, judging and destroying the earth.

As we mentioned, most of the great leaders in

Church history held to a more victorious eschatology.

The pessimistic view did not enter into Christianity

in any significant way until the publication of the

Scofield Reference Bible (1909), which proposed in its

footnotes a very negative scenario of future end-time

events. Since that time, hundreds of scary end-time

books have been promoted within Christianity. The

most widely read are known as the Left Behind series,

written by Tim LaHaye and Jerry B. Jenkins.

Such books and the associated teachings have become

so commonly accepted in the modern Church that the

negative eschatology has become the most popular

view. It is important to note, however, that this view

has been popular in Christianity for only the past 60

years. It reached its zenith of acceptance just before

the close of the last millennium, when Christians became

fascinated with the possibility of the world ending

in the year 2,000.

Now that we have crossed into the new millennium,

Christians are lifting their eyes to the future.

Many leaders are discovering that the Scriptures give

us a more optimistic view than they previously had

believed. They are embracing a victorious eschatology

that teaches that Jesus Christ and His Church are

going to take over this world, not Satan.

The theological label that is used to refer to the

victorious eschatology presented in this book is the

partial preterist view. In contrast, today’s popular

view is called the futurist view.

Eschatological View Theological Name

Victorious View Partial Preterist View

Popular View Futurist View

These theological labels, the partial preterist view

and the futurist view, refer to when the prophecies in

Matthew 24 and the book of Revelation are fulfilled.

The word “preterist” comes from the Latin praeteritus,

meaning “that which has past.” So the partial

preterist view is that which sees part of the prophecies

in Matthew 24 and part of the book of Revelation

as already fulfilled. In contrast, the futurist sees virtually

all of the prophecies in Matthew 24 and the

book of Revelation fulfilled in the future.

Theological Name Matthew 24 & Revelation

Partial Preterist View Part Past, Part Future

Futurist View All Fulfilled in the Future

This is what we will be showing you as we proceed.

In section 1 we go through the prophecies recorded

in Matthew 24. In section 2 we discuss some

issues that are key in considering the partial preterist

view. In section 3 we study the prophecies in chapters

2 and 9 of the book of Daniel. In section 4 we work

through the book of Revelation. Then in sections 5, 6,

and 7 we present the partial preterist views concerning

the Jews, the antichrist, and the rapture. Finally,

in section 8 we clarify what is meant by “the endtimes.”

As pastors, we (Harold Eberle and Martin Trench)

used to believe and teach the futurist view. However,

even as we taught our church congregations the related

ideas, we both realized that there are many

scriptures that simply do not fit into the scenario of

events proposed by the futurists. After several years

of in-depth study, we have come to believe that the

partial preterist view is more true to the Scriptures.

This we will show you in the pages to follow.

In addition to studying specific Bible passages, we

will insert a few quotes from well-known preachers,

teachers, and reformers that show how the fathers of

the faith shared a victorious eschatology. Not every

leader throughout Church history would explain

every verse of the Bible the same as we will; however,

the fundamental view that the Church will rise in victory

and power before the return of Jesus Christ has

been the predominant view of the Church for the past

2,000 years.

Charles Spurgeon

I myself believe that King Jesus will reign, and the

idols be utterly abolished; but I expect the same

power which turned the world upside down once,

will still continue to do it. The Holy Ghost would

never suffer the imputation to rest upon His holy

name that He was not able to convert the world.

(The Life and Work of Charles Haddon Spurgeon,

1992, 4:210)

Jonathan Edwards

The visible kingdom of Satan shall be overthrown,

and the kingdom of Christ set up on the ruins of it,

everywhere throughout the whole habitable globe.

(The Works of Jonathan Edwards, 1974: 488)


It is evident that . . . every form of worship will be

destroyed except the religion of Christ, which will

alone prevail. And indeed it will one day triumph, as

its principles take possession of the minds of men

more and more every day.

(Origen Against Celsus, 1660, 8:68)

John Wesley

All unprejudiced persons may see with their eyes,

that he [God] is already renewing the face of the

earth: And we have strong reason to hope that the

work he hath begun he will carry on unto the day of

the Lord Jesus; that he will never intermit this blessed

work of his Spirit until he has fulfilled all his promises,

until he hath put a period to sin and misery,

and infirmity, and death; and re-established universal

holiness and happiness, and caused all the inhabitants

of the earth to sing together “Hallelujah.”

(The Works of John Wesley, 1985, 499)

Preview Chapter 1
After the disciples asked Jesus their questions in Matthew 24:3, Jesus answered talking about false leaders claiming to be Christ, wars, earthquakes, famines, persecutions, and people falling away from the faith. He also talked about the gospel being preached around the world, followed by destruction, tribulation, and people being taken away.
Christians who believe the popular endtime view study our Lord’s answers and conclude that all of the events listed are going to happen in the future, shortly before the end of the world.
Victorious eschatology comes to very different conclusions when studying Matthew 24. We will go with you through Matthew 24 verse by verse to explain, but first we need to identify clearly the questions Jesus was asked by His disciples.

As He was sitting on the Mount of Olives, the disciples came to Him privately, saying, “Tell us, when will these things happen, and what will be the sign of Your coming, and of the end of the age?” (Matt. 24:3)

Some translations (e.g. King James Version) end this verse with “end of the world,” because the word aion, which is used in the original Greek, may be translated as “age” or “world.” Using the term “world,” popular endtime teachers tend to summarize the questions asked by the disciples into an inquiry about the second coming of Jesus and the end of the world. Therefore, when Jesus gives His answer in the verses that follow, all His comments are thought to be answering that question.
Victorious eschatology begins by noting that in Matthew 24:3, the disciples asked Jesus not just one question, but three questions.

Question #1: “When will these things happen?”
Question #2: “What will be the sign of Your coming?”
Question #3: “What about the end of the age (world)?”

Recognizing three distinct questions dramatically changes how we understand the answers Jesus gives in the verses to follow. We will see how our Lord first answers question number one in Matthew 24:4-28. Then He answers the second question in Matthew 24:29-34. Finally, He answers the question about the end of the age (or the end of the world) in Matthew 24:35-25:46.

What do YOU think ?

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