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Introduction and Key


Church-State Relations and the Book of Revelation
An Introduction to The Parousia: A Careful Look at the New Testament Doctrine of the Lord's Second Coming
by James Stuart Russell (1878) // Written by
Todd Dennis, Curator

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070: Clement: First Epistle of Clement

075: Baruch: Apocalypse Of Baruch

075: Barnabus: Epistle of Barnabus

090: Esdras 2 / 4 Ezra

100: Odes of Solomon

150: Justin: Dialogue with Trypho

150: Melito: Homily of the Pascha

175: Irenaeus: Against Heresies

175: Clement of Alexandria: Stromata

198: Tertullian: Answer to the Jews

230: Origen: The Principles | Commentary on Matthew | Commentary on John | Against Celsus

248: Cyprian: Against the Jews

260: Victorinus: Commentary on the Apocalypse "Alcasar, a Spanish Jesuit, taking a hint from Victorinus, seems to have been the first (AD 1614) to have suggested that the Apocalyptic prophecies did not extend further than to the overthrow of Paganism by Constantine."

310: Peter of Alexandria

310: Eusebius: Divine Manifestation of our Lord

312: Eusebius: Proof of the Gospel

319: Athanasius: On the Incarnation

320: Eusebius: History of the Martyrs

325: Eusebius: Ecclesiastical History

345: Aphrahat: Demonstrations

367: Athanasius: The Festal Letters

370: Hegesippus: The Ruin of Jerusalem

386: Chrysostom: Matthew and Mark

387: Chrysostom: Against the Jews

408: Jerome: Commentary on Daniel

417: Augustine: On Pelagius

426: Augustine: The City of God

428: Augustine: Harmony

420: Cassian: Conferences

600: Veronica Legend

800: Aquinas: Eternity of the World




1265: Aquinas: Catena Aurea

1543: Luther: On the Jews

1555: Calvin: Harmony on Evangelists

1556: Jewel: Scripture

1586: Douay-Rheims Bible

1598: Jerusalem's Misery ; The dolefull destruction of faire Ierusalem by Tytus, the Sonne of Vaspasian

1603: Nero : A New Tragedy

1613: Carey: The Fair Queen of Jewry

1614: Alcasar: Vestigatio arcani sensus in Apocalypsi

1654: Ussher: The Annals of the World

1658: Lightfoot: Commentary from Hebraica

1677: Crowne - The Destruction of Jerusalem

1764: Lardner: Fulfilment of our Saviour's Predictions

1776: Edwards: History of Redemption

1785: Churton: Prophecies Respecting the Destruction of Jerusalem

1801: Porteus: Our Lord's Prophecies

1802: Nisbett: The Coming of the Messiah

1805: Jortin: Remarks on Ecclesiastical History

1810: Clarke: Commentary On the Whole Bible

1816: Wilkins: Destruction of Jerusalem Related to Prophecies

1824: Galt: The Bachelor's Wife

1840: Smith: The Destruction of Jerusalem

1841: Currier: The Second Coming of Christ

1842: Bastow : A (Preterist) Bible Dictionary

1842: Stuart: Interpretation of Prophecy

1843: Lee: Dissertations on Eusebius

1845: Stuart: Commentary on Apocalypse

1849: Lee: Inquiry into Prophecy

1851: Lee: Visions of Daniel and St. John

1853: Newcombe: Observations on our Lord's Conduct as Divine Instructor

1854: Chamberlain: Restoration of Israel

1854: Fairbairn: The Typology of Scripture

1859: "Lee of Boston": Eschatology

1861: Maurice: Lectures on the Apocalypse

1863: Thomas Lewin : The Siege of Jerusalem

1865: Desprez: Daniel (Renounced Full Preterism)

1870: Fall of Jerusalem and the Roman Conquest

1871: Dale: Jewish Temple and Christian Church (PDF)

1879: Warren: The Parousia

1882: Farrar: The Early Days of Christianity

1883: Milton S. Terry: Biblical Hermeneutics

1888: Henty: For The Temple

1891: Farrar: Scenes in the days of Nero

1896: Lee : A Scholar of a Past Generation

1902: Church: Story of the Last Days of Jerusalem

1917: Morris: Christ's Second Coming Fulfilled

1985: Lee: Jerusalem; Rome; Revelation (PDF)

1987: Chilton: The Days of Vengeance

2001: Fowler: Jesus - The Better Everything

2006: M. Gwyn Morgan - AD69 - The Year of Four Emperors

Print and Use For Personal Bookmark or Placement in Bookstores

All Prophecy Fulfilled
as shown by our Lord, in his Discourse to his Disciples, recorded in Matt, xxiv., xxv. ; Mark xiii. ; Luke xxi. Paisley: Printed by John Neilson. 1850. 16p.

Queries for Macrobius


The Christian advocate and Scotch Baptist repository vol ii, 1850

THIS pamphlet was sent to us some three months ago, we took a hasty glance at its contents at the time, and then threw it aside. Having our attention pretty well occupied with other matters, we took no further notice of it until we thought it was high time to give it a passing notice in the pages of our Journal.

The writer's views of the fulfillment of prophecy, though not absolutely original, are, nevertheless rather singular. That the pamphlet will convince many of the truth of the writer's views, we have not much expectation, for they almost carry with them their own refutation.

We must, however, give our readers some insight into the writer's views of prophecy. After pointing out the discrepancies existing among writers on prophecy, and the bad consequences resulting therefrom, he proceeds to give us his own views on prophetic interpretation; and these may be summed up in the following particulars.

1st.—That in interpreting the prophecies of Scripture, we are to take those which are already confessedly fulfilled, as illustrations of others which maybe supposed to be unfulfilled. To illustrate this position the writer selects Isa xiii and xiv. In reference to these chapters, he says,—"The events predicted related to Babylon's destruction, and to no other people or nation."

2nd.—The figurative expressions used in these chapters, such as the sun, moon, and stars, he applies to the supreme head of the nation of Israel, viz. the king, who was no other than Jehovah. The moon representing the high-priesthood ; and the stars, the lesser powers.

3rd.— Having settled this, (to his own satisfaction at least,) he applies the principle to the interpretation of Matt. XXIV. and its parallels; from which he draws the conclusion,—that all the predictions contained in those chapters have long since been fulfilled in the destruction of Jerusalem and its concomitant events, which includes even the second coming of Christ.

In reference to this the writer says,—

"Men may look till their eyes fail, as fail them they will, in looking for the Second Advent of Christ the Lord, to punish the wicked, and deliver the righteous. The voice of the 'Faithful and True Witness ' has declared nearly eighteen hundred years ago, 'It is done.' (Rev. xxi. 6) and that ' God had avenged' (In his last and awful judgment) his holy apostles and prophets, ON HER—even upon that city, old Jerusalem, that reigned over the kings of the earth (land.) Rev, xviii. 20; xi. 8 ; xvii. 18.'

The corollary which the writer draws from the views which he has educed from his sytem of prophetic interpretation, will prove not a little startling to many of our readers, and perhaps lead them to the same conclusion which we ourselves have come to, viz., that the writer's system of interpreting the prophecies is rotten from top to bottom ; in a word, that it is mere moonshine. His inductions shall be given in his own words:—

"Second, as the period thus fixed was that at which the church of God had attained to the measure of the fulness of that age of Christ, (see Eph. iv. 14, margin) no one after that tíme obtained, or possessed the slightest authority to minister to the church of God. Neither popes nor prelates, neither priests nor presbyters, neither evangelists nor ministers, neither bishops, pastors, elders, nor deacons, nor any other name, possessed the right, authority, or ability, to minister in holy things. Up to that time these servants of God had the most indisputable and infallible authority to 'teach, reprove, rebuke, and exhort, with all long-suffering and doctrine' (2 Tim. iv. 2) ; for they watched for souls, at they that had to give an account of their stewardship unto God. (Heb viii 17; Luke xii. 42; 1 Cor. iv. 1-2; 2 Cor. iv. 1-2) But at this period, when the end had come, Christ had put down 'all rule, and all authority and power, —whether they were principalities or powers, mights or dominions, all were put under his feet, that God might be all in all.' 1 Cor. xv. 24-28; Eph. i. 17-23. So that all, from the hierarchy of Rome, down through all names and denominations, to the meanest oracle of the most petty conventicle, that electrifies his followers with his wisdom, or enslaves their minds with the authority of his son or his doxy,—all are alike without authority, and hence usurp the right of him who is THE ONLY potentate, the king of Kings, and Lord of Lords." 1 Tim. vi. 15.

Although the writer has in this paragraph (to use a common expression) "come out of his shell," yet he has not brought out all that honesty demands, and which certainly flow as naturally from his views as a stream flows from the fountain. The natural and inevitable result of the statements made in the above paragraph, is,—that аs the whole order of the house of God came to an end with the apostolic age ; and the second coming of Christ, which, according to оur author, took place at that time, put an end to all things which the apostles had established in the churches, there ought to be now no observance of the Lord's day,—the Lord's supper,—no one to minister in holy things,—that Christians are no longer to watch over one another, nor to reprove or rebuke, for no one has any authority to do so. In a word, that the visible profession of Christianity, and all associations of Christians, should at once cease. Should the writer, (whoever he may be) attempt to deny the legitimacy of these conclusions, we should only laugh at his folly, and look upon him as completely out of the pale of argumentation.

We expect that tome of our more simple-minded readers will feel completely puzzled and astounded with the "divers and strange doctrines" contained in the preceding extracts ; and while ready to exclaim,— "thou bringest certain strange things to our ears, we would know therefore what these things mean,"—will feel themselves incompetent to express an opinion as to the truth or falsehood of the system taught in this pamphlet.

Happily, there is a very plain and simple rule laid down in the Scriptures for the trial of doctrines as well as of men. It is expressed in these words,—"Do men gather grapes of thorns, or figs of thistles ? Even in every good tree bringeth forth good fruit ; but a corrupt tree bringeth forth evil fruit. A good tree cannot bring forth evil fruit; neither can a corrupt tree bring forth good fruit.— Wherefore, by their fruits ye shall know them."

Our readers have only to ask themselves,—can a system which produces such results as those openly acknowledged in the last extract, leaving aside those which we have stated, be in accordance with truth ; or, in other words, are they good or evil, and they can settle the question without any difficulty.

We thought once to shew the fallacy of the author's system, by giving in a rough outline what we conceive to be the true sense of Matt. xxiv. and xxv. &c. But, upon reflection, we thought it best to give our readers a view of the author's system and its results, und then let every one draw their own conclusions.

We know nothing of the writer ; but the idea has crossed our mind more than once, that if this pamphlet, and the one on "The Sabbath Question," noticed in our last number, have not proceeded from the same pen, the writers have evidently been taught in the same school, for the same leading ideas run through both.

About seventy-five years ago, a pamphlet was published in Scotland, entitled, "Christ the true Rest ; or, the Jewish Sabbath a type of Christ;" in which sentiments pretty much resembling those contained in the pamphlet before us, were taught. Some of the leading points in that production were,—that Christians were not now to observe the first day of the week as a Sabbath,—and in connexion with that, there ought to be no public teaching, &c.

 This pamphlet drew forth a satirical and ironical reply, under the following curious title,—" A Letter from Beelzebub, addressed to a Christian Church in Edinburgh."

The writer of this reply was one who was in every respect qualified to expose the wickedness of the dogmas referred to; and, in our opinion, a new impression of this small tract would be found exceedingly useful to the present generation. For scarcely one of the vile blasphemies which are now so industriously circulated through the length and breadth of the land, by means of pamphlets and tracts, have any originality in them ; they are only the old schemes and delusions of Satan in a new dress." (The Christian advocate and Scotch Baptist repository vol ii)

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