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Josephus: Henry Leeming: Josephus' Jewish War and Its Slavonic Version: A Synoptic Comparison (2003) "This volume presents in English translation the Slavonic version of Josephus Flavius' "Jewish War, long inaccessible to Anglophone readers, according to N.A. Materskej's scholarly edition, together with his erudite and wide-ranging study of literary, historical and philological aspects of the work, a textological apparatus and commentary. The synoptic layout of the Slavonic and Greek versions in parallel columns enables the reader to compare their content in detail. It will be seen that the divergences are far more extensive than those indicated hitherto."

Josephus Pleads Still



The Wars of the Jews Library ﻩ Exhaustive Bibliography ﻩ Visual Timeline | Works of Flavius Josephus ﻩ Josephus in Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia ﻩ Ancient Histories of Flavius Josephus ﻩ Flavius Josephus Home ﻩ PACE ﻩ Josephus, the Primary Source ﻩ Scientific Dating ﻩ Governmental Administrations ﻩ First Century Jerusalem ﻩ Historical Maps ﻩ Maps of Jerusalem

Flavius Josephus : Credibility and Importance : Steve Mason Stebbing's Essay | The Credibility Of Josephus ﻩ The Jewish millionaire who surrendered to the Romans ﻩ David Chilton's Synopsis

Preterist Perspectives ﻩ Effects of the Fall of Jerusalem on Christianity ﻩ Did Jerusalem Christians Flee to Pella? | Josephus and Jesus ﻩ Revelation and Josephus


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Alle de Werken van Flavius Josephus

Jan and Kaspar Luyken

Jan Luyken

Behelzende twintig boeken van de Joodsche oudheden, 't verhaal van zyn eygen leeven, DeHistori van de Oorlogen der Jooden tegens de Romeynen, Zyne TweeBoeken tegen Apion...

By Pieter Mortier, Boekverkooper
MDCCIV (1704)

There were at least three Leyken editions. The first was edited by P. Mortier (1704). The second was printed in Covens and Mortier (1729). And then the plates were bought by F. Houttuyn who came out with a new edition (1747).


This is the first edition of the Dutch Josephus with illustrations by the famous Dutch brothers Jan and Kaspar Luyken. For centuries Flavius Josephus', a Jewish historian, works were more widely read in Europe than any book other than the Bible. They are an invaluable eye-witness to a momentous turning point in Judaism, Christianity, and Western civilization. It is believed Josephus is a primary source of knowledge for much of the history of Judaism in the First Century CE. His books provide essential background for an understanding of both the beginning of modern Judaism and of the New Testament in its historical setting.



As far as we can tell, this is the first edition of these prints. Printed on a stiff, yet thin laid paper, the images are pristine, crisp, clear, and well-inked. Titles are in Dutch. These large pages are roughly 20"x 16.5" (images roughly 17"x 13").
Gen. VII. De Sondvloed. P. Mortier edit Cum Privileg. Pag. 9
Rough Translation: The Flood. [Luyken shows the ark in the rising waters from the point of view of the animals and people who are being flooded.]
Relevant Biblical Passage: Genesis 7: "... 21 And all flesh perished that moved upon the earth, both fowl, and cattle, and beast, and every swarming thing that swarmeth upon the earth, and every man. ..."
Gen. XIX. Sodom door't Vuur Vergaan. P. Mortier edit Cum Privileg. Pag. 18
Rough Translation: Sodom Perishing by fire. [An incredible spectacle of flames coming from the heavens. Powerful and emotional facial expression on those who are trying to flee.]
Relevant Biblical Passage: Genesis 19: "... 24 Then the LORD caused to rain upon Sodom and upon Gomorrah brimstone and fire from the LORD out of heaven; 25 and He overthrow those cities, and all the Plain, and all the inhabitants of the cities, and that which grew upon the ground ..."
Exod. IX. De Plaag van Hagel en Vuur over Egipte. P. Mortier edit Cum Privileg. Pag. 54
Rough Translation: The Plague of Hail Lighting Up over Egypt. [Highly dramatic storm scene with hail depicted powerfully and individually, even with smashed trees. A vivid portrayal of the suffering of the animals and people.]
Relevant Biblical Passage: Exodus 9: "... 24 So there was hail, and fire flashing up amidst the hail, very grievous, such as had not been in all the land of Egypt since it became a nation. 25 And the hail smote throughout all the land of Egypt all that was in the field, both man and beast; and the hail smote every herb of the field, and broke every tree of the field. ..."
Exod. XIX. De Wetgeeving op den Berg Sinai. P. Mortier edit Cum Privileg. Pag. 63
Rough Translation: The Giving of the Law on Mount Sinai. [One of the most powerful portrayals of the Hebrew people gathered around Mt. Sinai (complete with smoke, fire, etc.) which is surrounded by a fence. It is a tremendously emotional scene.]
Relevant Biblical Passage: Exodus 19: "... 16 And it came to pass on the third day, when it was morning, that there were thunders and lightnings and a thick cloud upon the mount, and the voice of a horn exceeding loud; and all the people that were in the camp trembled. 17 And Moses brought forth the people out of the camp to meet God; and they stood at the nether part of the mount. ..."
1. Het opzetten van den Tabernakel. 2. De Gouden Kandelaar, het Reukwerks Altaar, en de Tafel der Toonbrooden. 3. De Heerlykheyd des Heeren over de Arke des verbonds. 4. Viering van het Loofhutten Feest., page 71
Rough translations: 1. The setting up of the Tabernacle. 2. The Gold Menorah, the Incense Altar, and the Table of Showbread. 3. The Magnificant Cherubim over the Ark of the covenant. 4. Celebration of the Feast of Tabernacles.
Subject: 3 views of the building of the Tabernacle, the Ark, the inside of the Tabernacle, and the Feast of Tabernacles.
Page Size:  15" x 18.5"  Image Size: 13" x 16.5"
1. "De binnenhof des Tempels, met het altaar, en de kopere kolommen." 2. "Inwying van Salomons Tempel." "De Arke des Verbonds in't Heylige der Heyligen." 4. De gegootene Zee, of het groot koper waschvat.", Pag. 189
Rough translations: 1. "The inside court of the Temple with the altar and the copper columns." 2. "Gathering in Solomon's Temple." 3. "The Ark of the Covenant in the Holy of Holies." 4. "The iron Sea or the great copper wash basin."
Subject: This is one of the more famous illustrations of an artist's conception of the precincts and interior of the Temple of Solomon (see Rosenau, Vision of the Temple, p. 96, 116 - "Perhaps the most interesting personal interpretation of Villalpando's prototypes..." - She seems to be unaware of this earlier, 1704 rendition.); notable, among other things are the hoofed cherubim (following the image of Villalpando). Other artists who copied this image changed the hoofs to human feet.
Page Size: 15" x 19"  Image Size: 13" x 16.5"  
Pompejus neemt den Tempel te Ierusalem Stormenderhand in., Pag. 337
Rough translation: "Pompey captures the Temple in Jerusalem storming in."
Subject: This is an incredibly detailed attempt to portray the attack of Pompey on Jerusalem. There is an attempt at making the soldiers realistic, but the helmets seem to be 17th C. European.
Page Size: 15" x 18.5"  Image Size: 12.75" x 16.5"  Condition:  wonderful, dark impression with no problem worth mentioning except possibly that the left original fold is a bit doubled 
Herodes Beoorlogt de Roovers inde Rotsen door Soldaaten die in Kisten aan yzere kettingen hangende door windassen neergelaaten worden. P. Mortier edit Cum Privileg. Pag. 355
Rough Translation: Herod waging war the [?] on the Rock Cliffs by the Soldiers hanging by boxes suspended by iron chains coming down on [?] the people below [?].
Relevant Passage from Josephus: Unclear to me. [Any information would be appreciated.]
Condition: Image is like mint except for a rust hole on the right side (see image) and a tear on a fold (a bit into the image) which accounts for the low price; margins have no significant problems.
"Doorsicht van den Tempel tot Ierusalem Niewlicks uyt Josephus afgebeelt door I. H. Coccejus. Page. 658; a legend at the left from A-S with appropriate labeling on the view and labels in Dutch for the four directions.
Rough translation: "Transparent view of the Temple of Jerusalem ... from Josephus accourding to the depiction of I. H. Coccejus..." [with fold-up flap! but probably not by Luyken]
Subject: This is an early and rare example of an engraving with a fold-up flap (in the center). The door to the woman's court folds to reveal a staircase. If this engraving can be found at all, it may very well be missing the flap.
Page Size: 16" x 18.25"  Image Size: 13.25" x 15.5"
De Uyterste verdelging van de Stad Jerusalem en den Tempel. Pag. 689
Rough translation: "The Total destruction of the City of Jerusalem and of the Temple." [This is one of the most powerful and dramatic examples of his work.]
Subject: This is an incredibly detailed and dramatic rendition of the destruction of the Temple by Roman soldiers. It is done with great vigor and power and emotional intensity. There is an attempt at making the soldiers realistic, but the helmets seem to be 17th C. European.
Page Size: 15" x 18.5"  Image Size: 12.75" x 16.5"