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Introduction and Key


Church-State Relations and the Book of Revelation
An Introduction to The Parousia: A Careful Look at the New Testament Doctrine of the Lord's Second Coming
by James Stuart Russell (1878) // Written by
Todd Dennis, Curator




First Published in Latin in 1650

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070: Clement: First Epistle of Clement

075: Baruch: Apocalypse Of Baruch

075: Barnabus: Epistle of Barnabus

090: Esdras 2 / 4 Ezra

100: Odes of Solomon

150: Justin: Dialogue with Trypho

150: Melito: Homily of the Pascha

175: Irenaeus: Against Heresies

175: Clement of Alexandria: Stromata

198: Tertullian: Answer to the Jews

230: Origen: The Principles | Commentary on Matthew | Commentary on John | Against Celsus

248: Cyprian: Against the Jews

260: Victorinus: Commentary on the Apocalypse "Alcasar, a Spanish Jesuit, taking a hint from Victorinus, seems to have been the first (AD 1614) to have suggested that the Apocalyptic prophecies did not extend further than to the overthrow of Paganism by Constantine."

310: Peter of Alexandria

310: Eusebius: Divine Manifestation of our Lord

312: Eusebius: Proof of the Gospel

319: Athanasius: On the Incarnation

320: Eusebius: History of the Martyrs

325: Eusebius: Ecclesiastical History

345: Aphrahat: Demonstrations

367: Athanasius: The Festal Letters

370: Hegesippus: The Ruin of Jerusalem

386: Chrysostom: Matthew and Mark

387: Chrysostom: Against the Jews

408: Jerome: Commentary on Daniel

417: Augustine: On Pelagius

426: Augustine: The City of God

428: Augustine: Harmony

420: Cassian: Conferences

600: Veronica Legend

800: Aquinas: Eternity of the World




1265: Aquinas: Catena Aurea

1543: Luther: On the Jews

1555: Calvin: Harmony on Evangelists

1556: Jewel: Scripture

1586: Douay-Rheims Bible

1598: Jerusalem's Misery ; The dolefull destruction of faire Ierusalem by Tytus, the Sonne of Vaspasian

1603: Nero : A New Tragedy

1613: Carey: The Fair Queen of Jewry

1614: Alcasar: Vestigatio arcani sensus in Apocalypsi

1654: Ussher: The Annals of the World

1658: Lightfoot: Commentary from Hebraica

1677: Crowne - The Destruction of Jerusalem

1764: Lardner: Fulfilment of our Saviour's Predictions

1776: Edwards: History of Redemption

1785: Churton: Prophecies Respecting the Destruction of Jerusalem

1801: Porteus: Our Lord's Prophecies

1802: Nisbett: The Coming of the Messiah

1805: Jortin: Remarks on Ecclesiastical History

1810: Clarke: Commentary On the Whole Bible

1816: Wilkins: Destruction of Jerusalem Related to Prophecies

1824: Galt: The Bachelor's Wife

1840: Smith: The Destruction of Jerusalem

1841: Currier: The Second Coming of Christ

1842: Bastow : A (Preterist) Bible Dictionary

1842: Stuart: Interpretation of Prophecy

1843: Lee: Dissertations on Eusebius

1845: Stuart: Commentary on Apocalypse

1849: Lee: Inquiry into Prophecy

1851: Lee: Visions of Daniel and St. John

1853: Newcombe: Observations on our Lord's Conduct as Divine Instructor

1854: Chamberlain: Restoration of Israel

1854: Fairbairn: The Typology of Scripture

1859: "Lee of Boston": Eschatology

1861: Maurice: Lectures on the Apocalypse

1863: Thomas Lewin : The Siege of Jerusalem

1865: Desprez: Daniel (Renounced Full Preterism)

1870: Fall of Jerusalem and the Roman Conquest

1871: Dale: Jewish Temple and Christian Church (PDF)

1879: Warren: The Parousia

1882: Farrar: The Early Days of Christianity

1883: Milton S. Terry: Biblical Hermeneutics

1888: Henty: For The Temple

1891: Farrar: Scenes in the days of Nero

1896: Lee : A Scholar of a Past Generation

1902: Church: Story of the Last Days of Jerusalem

1917: Morris: Christ's Second Coming Fulfilled

1985: Lee: Jerusalem; Rome; Revelation (PDF)

1987: Chilton: The Days of Vengeance

2001: Fowler: Jesus - The Better Everything

2006: M. Gwyn Morgan - AD69 - The Year of Four Emperors

Print and Use For Personal Bookmark or Placement in Bookstores




"The Origin of Time, and Continued to the Beginning of the Emperor Vespasian's Reign and the Total Destruction and Abolition of the Temple and Commonwealth of the Jews."



 "In the years 1650-1654, James Ussher set out to write a history of the world from creation to A.D. 70. The result was published in 1650 as the literary classic "The Annals of the World." This famous comprehensive history of the world, originally published in Latin, offers a look at history rarely seen. Ussher traveled throughout Europe, gathering much information from the actual historical documents. Many of these documents are no longer available, having been destroyed since the time of his research. In its pages can be found the fascinating history of the ancient world from the Genesis creation through the destruction of the Jerusalem temple."



7000.  This was the end of the Jewish affairs and happened as predicted by Jesus in the gospels.

We close history with a quote from Bancroft: It is the time when the hour of conflict is over that history comes to a right understanding of the strife and is ready to exclaim, Lo, God is here and we knew him not!"



"And as he sat upon the mount of Olives, the disciples came unto him privately, saying, Tell us, when shall these things be?  and what shall be the sign of thy coming, and of the end of the world? ... Verily I say unto you, THIS GENERATION shall not pass, till all these things be fulfilled." (Mt 24:3,34)

 See John Bray's book, "Matthew 24 Fulfilled", for a most detailed discussion of these events. Editor.

By William Fletcher
Portrait of James Ussher
Oil on canvas


James Ussher
The Annals of the World
London, 1658
fol. in 4s: A6 B–6F4
Vet. A3 c. 95

The title-page of Ussher’s Annals of the World, illustrating, in synchrony, scenes from the Old and New Testament. Depicted are, from top to bottom: Adam and Eve in the Garden of Eden, flanked by the figures of Solomon and Nebuchadnezzar (builder and destroyer of the first Temple respectively); the first Temple and its destruction; the second Temple and its destruction; and, flanking a scene of the Last Supper, the figures of Cyrus and Vespasian (facilitator and destroyer of the second Temple respectively). From catalogue no.81.

James Ussher (1581–1656), archbishop of Armagh, was the pre-eminent figure in the contemporary Church of Ireland, and a leading patron of scholarship at Trinity College, Dublin. A staunch defender of episcopacy, he was nevertheless respected on all sides during the religious upheavals of the 1640s and 1650s, and regarded as the person most likely to achieve an accommodation between the Presbyterians and the Church of England. As such, he was valued by Hartlib and Dury, both of whom helped him at times with his scholarly work and looked to him as a potential patron for their own schemes.
Despite his success as a churchman, Ussher is perhaps most famous for having dated the start of the creation to the evening before 23rd October, 4004 B.C. Ussher calculated this timing in his Annals, a work of biblical chronology which he published in Latin in 1650 (Hartlib noted its progress through the press with great interest), and which was translated into English in 1658. The book was the fruit of many years labour; as early as the summer of 1640, Ussher had been reported ‘spend[ing] constantly all the afternoones’ in the Bodleian working at it (Constantine Adams to Hartlib, Hartlib Papers, 15/8/3A–4B).  

In the Annals, Ussher developed the chronological work of many earlier scholars, in particular Joseph Justus Scaliger (who had pioneered the use of the Julian period in calendrical calculations) to provide a framework for dating the whole Bible historically. He argued that, although scripture itself only tended to take notice of entire years, the Holy Ghost had left clues in the Bible which allowed the critic to establish a precise chronology of its events, through the application to the text of the results of astronomical calculations and its comparison with the dates of pagan history. Ussher’s system had the advantage of preserving several attractive numerical symmetries, for example the ancient Jewish notion, adopted by Christians, that the creation anticipated the birth of the Messiah by 4,000 years, but it was also heavily dependent on classical chronologies and on an interpretation of the calendar which already seemed out-dated to many scholars.

Although not wholly original, Ussher’s work was nevertheless influential and became widely accepted, not least because its dates were later incorporated into the margins of some editions of the Authorized Version. However, Ussher’s chronology rested too heavily on the Hebrew text of Old Testament to escape controversy even in his own day. Its findings were attacked by those who were persuaded that the Greek translation of the Old Testament (the Septuagint) or the Samaritan Pentateuch (both of which presented different chronologies from the Hebrew) were more reliable witnesses to the dictation of the Holy Ghost, or that they concurred more closely with the evidence of astronomy and pagan history. Yet, in the opinion of Hartlib, and perhaps of many others, Ussher’s critics were churlish individuals who were unwilling to admit their own debts to his scholarship. Despite such debates, most seventeenth-century readers of the Bible would have agreed with Ussher that it ought, in principle, to have been possible to establish an accurate and detailed biblical chronology. 

Illustrated opposite is the title-page from the Annals, engraved by Francis Barlow and Richard Gaywood. This shows a number of the crucial figures and episodes from Ussher’s chronology. Adam and Eve are flanked by the figures of Solomon and Nebuchadnezzar, the builder and destroyer of the first Temple, which is also shown both in its glory and after its fall. The engraving also depicts the second Temple, built after Cyrus allowed the return of the Jews to Jerusalem, and its eventual destruction. The figures of Cyrus and of Vespasian (who was Emperor at the time of the destruction of Herod’s Temple, in A.D. 70) flank a depiction of the Last Supper. This copy of the Annals has also been extra-illustrated by the pasting in of a contemporary engraved portrait of Ussher, which shows him holding ‘God’s Word’, the Bible, in his hand. It was executed for the London printseller, Peter Stent, who advertised it for sale in 1653, 1658, 1662, and 1663.

R. Buick Knox, James Ussher, Archbishop of Armagh (Cardiff, 1967); Hugh Trevor-Roper, Catholics, Anglicans and Puritans (London, 1987), pp.120–65; James Barr, ‘Why the World was Created in 4004 B.C.: Archbishop Ussher and Biblical Chronology’, Bulletin of the John Rylands University Library of Manchester, vol.67 (1984–85), pp.575–608; Alexander Globe, Peter Stent, London Printseller, circa 1642–1665 (Vancouver, 1985), p.85,no.291; Hartlib Papers, 15/8/3A–4B, 28/1/52A, 28/2/51B, 29/2/53A–54B, 29/5/24A, 29/5/37A, 31/22/9B, 31/22/24B–25A, 47/9/16A–17B.


Rare biblical masterpiece makes comeback
WND helps resurrect James Ussher's famed 'Annals of the World'

Unavailable until recently, one of the most revered books in history – famous for biblically dating the creation date of the earth, and often cited authoritatively within the margins of the King James Bible itself – is now readily available in English to the general public.

Until Master Books commissioned an English-language translation of James Ussher's legendary "Annals of the World," this classic historical document – frequently described as the greatest history volume ever written – was available only in Latin.

As WND reported recently, Ussher meticulously calculated, using biblical references, that the world was created Oct. 23, 4004 B.C. – making it 6,009 years old a week ago Monday.

In fact, one major factor in the resurgence of interest in "Annals" has been WND's coverage of it. For instance, reviewer Martin Regtien wrote recently on the Pocket PC Reviews website: "If it weren’t for the advertising on I would not easily have heard of 'The Annals of the World' by James Ussher. They gave a lot of 'air play' to marketing a book that’s some 350 years old."

In his review, Regtien notes:

James Ussher certainly had a "bias" which colored his historical perspective: he believed the Bible to be an accurate portrayal of history. Mind you, this goes beyond accepting that the Bible contains truth. Most Christians would accept that the Bible is true, otherwise their faith would have no basis in fact. But to believe that the 66 books that compose the Bible also are historically accurate is controversial.

But Regtien has no problem with the historical accuracy of the Bible, noting, "Time and time again archaeology proves the skeptics wrong."

How could earth's creation date be calculated?

In the 1650s, Ussher, an Anglican bishop, published his "Annals of the World," subtitled, "The Origin of Time, and Continued to the Beginning of the Emperor Vespasian's Reign and the Total Destruction and Abolition of the Temple and Commonwealth of the Jews." First published in Latin, it consisted of more than 1,600 pages.

The book, now published in English for the first time, is a favorite of homeschoolers and those who take ancient history seriously. It's the history of the world from the Garden of Eden to the fall of Jerusalem in AD 70.

Of course, there will be those who disagree with Ussher's calculations of time – especially evolutionists who need billions of years to explain their theory of how life sprang from non-life and mutated from one-celled animals into human beings.

Ussher's arrival at the date of Oct. 23 was determined based on the fact that most peoples of antiquity, especially the Jews, started their calendar at harvest time. Ussher concluded there must be good reason for this, so he chose the first Sunday following autumnal equinox.

Although the autumnal equinox is Sept. 21 today, that is only because of historical calendar-juggling to make the years come out right.

If you think this is a startling fact – an actual date for Creation – you haven't seen anything until you've pored through the rest of Ussher's "Annals of the World." It's a classic history book for those who believe in the Bible – and a compelling challenge for those who don't.

The new edition of "Annals" is one of the most significant publishing events of the 21st century.

In this masterful and legendary volume, commissioned by Master Books to be updated from the 17th-century original Latin manuscript to modern English and made available to the public, is the fascinating history of the ancient world from the Genesis creation through the destruction of the Jerusalem Temple.

Find out:

Why was Julius Caesar kidnapped in 75 B.C.?

Why did Alexander the Great burn his ships in 326 B.C.?

What really happened when the sun "went backward" as a sign to Hezekiah?

What does secular history say about the darkness at the Crucifixion?
Ussher traveled throughout Europe, gathering much information from the actual historical documents. Many of these documents are no longer available, having been destroyed since the time of his research.

Integrating biblical history (around 15 percent of the text is from the Bible) with secular sources, Ussher wrote this masterpiece. Considered not only a literary classic, but also an accurate reference, "The Annals of the World" was so highly regarded for its preciseness that the timeline from it was included in the margins of many King James Version Bibles throughout the 18th, 19th, and 20th centuries.

"The Annals of the World" is a necessary addition to any church library, pastor's library, or any library – public or personal. The entire text has been updated from 17th-century English to present-day vernacular in a five-year project commissioned by Master Books. Containing many human-interest stories from the original historical documents collected by Ussher, this is more than just a history book – it's a work of history.

Special features:

Important literary work that has been inaccessible in book form for over 300 years

Includes CD of Ussher's Chronology of the World – full of colored charts, graphs, timelines, and much, much more

Translated into modern English for the first time

Traces world history from creation through A.D. 70

Over 10,000 footnotes from the original text have been updated to references from works in the Loeb Classical Library by Harvard Press

Over 2,500 citations from the Bible and the Apocrypha

Ussher's original citations have been checked against the latest textual scholarship

One of history's most famous and well-respected historians

Spent over five years researching and writing this book

Entered college at age 13

Received his master's degree at age 18

Was an expert in Semitic languages

Buried in Westminster Abbey

About the book:

Made of the highest quality material: Smyth sewn, gold-gilded edges, foil embossing on front, back, and spine

Cover presented in the style of classic literary works

Packaged in a beautiful box for display purposes and durability

8 appendixes

Fully indexed

Paragraphs numbered
This is one of the most important literary, historical and Christian works you'll ever own, a treasure for any home library. It's a must for your homeschool library.

For generations, this classic work was considered part of the essential reading for educated people. Now you can read it – in English.

As a very special added bonus, when you purchase "The Annals of the World" from WorldNetDaily's online store, you can also receive – FREE – three issues of our acclaimed monthly Whistleblower magazine, which many have called the best news magazine in the world. That's a $22.50 free value! (Offer good in the U.S. only.) Watch for the free offer during checkout.

Order your copy of James Ussher's extraordinary "The Annals of the World" from WorldNetDaily's online store.

If you prefer to order by phone, call WND's customer service line toll-free at 1-800-4WND-COM (1-800-496-3266).


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  • Date: 26 Jan 2006
    Time: 03:55:12


    The actual passage reads: "This was the end of the Jewish affairs and happened as predicted by Jesus in the Gospels. All these things came to pass in the very same generation that heard Jesus speak them, exactly as they were recorded in the Gospels (Mt 24:1-5 etc...) and graphically elaborated on by John in the book of Revelation. (*David Chilton. The Days of Vengeance)" Page 882.

  • TDD: There are different additions to the end of this entry, depending on which version you have.  Clearly, the reference to David Chilton's book wasn't in the 1654 original.   Everyone, please feel free to post what your version says!   The above citation is from the print version:
  •  Master Books, Inc PO BOx 726 Green Forest AR 72638
     ISBN: 089051-360-0
     Library of congress # 2003106357
     Copyright 2003 by Larry and Marion Pierce

    Date: 24 Jul 2007
    Time: 19:34:18


    Can any one tell me why the 1654 edition of "THE ANNALS OF THE WORLD..." had a voluminous 1,600 pages, whereas the updated version only a total of 960 pages? Have we lost a considerable amount of info from the original or did the 1658 copy possess as many pages [960]?





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