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Introduction and Key


Church-State Relations and the Book of Revelation
An Introduction to The Parousia: A Careful Look at the New Testament Doctrine of the Lord's Second Coming
by James Stuart Russell (1878) // Written by
Todd Dennis, Curator

Latest Online Updates:

The Full Preterist Views

The Facebook group “Genuine Preterism” would like to put out this follow up letter to all of the Facebook Preterist groups regarding our recent project. To begin, we would like to thank all of the contributors to the project showing the many views in full preterism. To date we have 15 views submitted to this project resulting in the following views:

  1. Charismatic Preterism

  2. Comprehensive Grace/Pantelism

  3. Covenant Eschatology

  4. Essential Body View

  5. Evangelical Preterism

  6. Fulfilled Revelation Theology

  7. Full Revelation Bible View

  8. Israel Only View

  9. Literal Millennial Reign Preterism

  10. Narrative-Critical Fulfilled View

  11. Natural 2 Spiritual View

  12. Post-Apocalyptic View

  13. Preterist Idealism

  14. Synthesis Eschatology/Preterist Idealist View

  15. Temporary Ekklesia Theory

This project has demonstrated how diverse Preterism is. This project has also shown that no single view owns Preterism. All of these views own Preterism. The common denominator between all of these views is the following five points (with the exception of Preterist-Idealism):

  1. All scriptures have been fulfilled.

  2. The coming has already happened and will not happen again in our future.

  3. The resurrection has already taken place.

  4. The gathering has already taken place.

  5. The millennial reign has already taken place.

As there is great division in beliefs among those claiming to be Preterist, there is also a great opportunity to open up dialogue between these views and discuss these differences. We would like to encourage email debates and discussions inside of groups instead of banning certain views people do not like. As long as Preterism is in development, dialogue should be open to all views. Anything else is a betrayal to the movement.

Charles Meek and Bruce Thevenot: The Preterist-Idealist View of Eschatology:  Some Threshold Reflections (.doc file) :

"We are sympathetic to the preterist-idealist model as an experiment in progress. We simply see little benefit that is added by the label “idealist.” Certainly, while the visible fabric of the Old Covenant was washed away in AD 70 with the events surrounding the destruction of Jerusalem and the temple, the initiation of the New Covenant by Jesus in the 1st century was just a beginning, not an end. For example, while eschatology was completely fulfilled in AD 70 soteriological application has no end. Man’s sinful nature did not end in AD 70, thus our ongoing need for salvation, reproof, correction, and training in righteousness. Indeed, God continues to judge nations and individuals (Psalm 2:8-12; 110; Daniel 7:27; Acts 10:42-43; Romans 1:18; 2:2-16; 14:12; 2 Corinthians 5:10; Hebrews 9:27; 13:4; Revelation 2:10; 11:15; 14:13; etc.).

  • Todd has noticed, no doubt, that there is a strain of preterist adherents who reject what we have just written. However, in our judgment, he is mistaken to conclude so broadly that “the differences between Preterism and Idealism are actually quite fundamental.”

  • 12/25/15: Dr Jaemin Park: Preterism in the Land of Gandhi Christianity is India’s 3rd largest religion according to census of 2001, with approximately24 million followers which translate to 2.3% of India’s population. Its history traces back to thetime when Thomas the Apostole traveled to the region now known as Kerala state in South Indiato spread the gospel. (Image 1) He traveled to the city called Muziris, modern day Kodungallura small town near Cochin. There he baptized several locals in the area in AD 52. This is theorigin of Christianity in India.

    12/5/15: Anthony O'Hear: Apocalypse and The Hunger Games "This typically contemporary take on apocalypse may be more realistic in some sense, but it is not apocalyptic in the original biblical understanding of the term. Within the pantheon of contemporary apocalyptic cinema, The Hunger Games franchise therefore stands firmly within the mainstream trend of what should more properly be called “apocalyptic revisionism.”

    10/26/15: Jews for Judaism - How does the passage of time effect the Christian claim of a "second coming of Christ"? "No amount of Christian theological acrobatics will ever solve the problems engendered by the historical reality that a promised imminent fulfillment made two thousand years ago did not occur as expected by the New Testament. Simply stated, Jesus is never coming back, not then, not now, not ever."

    10/24/15: The Sage Who Saved Judaism - Raban Yochanan ben Zakai

    "The youngest disciple of the exalted Rabbi Hillel (he of the “what is hateful to you, do not do to your neighbor” fame), Raban Yochanan ben Zakai was the leading sage in the final decade of the Second Temple period. As Rome’s persecutions of the Jews intensified, and as the Jewish zealots undertook the Great Revolt, Raban Yochanan ben Zakai was among the few and lonely voices urging the Jews of Jerusalem to seek peace with Rome. (His position was all the more poignant as one of his own nephews served as a leader of the zealot rebels.) Fearing – correctly – that the Great Revolt would lead to the destruction of Jerusalem and her singular Jewish institutions, Raban Yochanan ben Zakai arranged to be hidden in a coffin and smuggled out of the city walls; once outside Jerusalem, he sought a meeting with the Roman general Vespasian and predicted – also correctly – that Vespasian would vanquish the Judean armies and become the emperor of Rome. Flattered, Vespasian granted Raban Yochanan ben Zakai’s request to found an academy of Jewish learning in Yavne; after Jerusalem was razed in the year 70 C.E., Raban Yochanan ben Zakai re-established the Sanhedrin there and made Yavne the new center of Jewish life in Palestine.

    The story is already good enough – the coffin, the smuggling, the successful audience with an enemy general – but its significance goes much deeper than plot. Not to be overly dramatic, but Raban Yochanan ben Zakai is pretty much responsible for the fact that you are reading this. "


    PRETERISM - NO FUTURE IN THE PAST admin COREY SHULTZ interviews various present and former members of the Preterist community.


    1) Tina Rae Collins – Agnostic

    2) Todd Dennis – Preterist Idealism

    3) Roderick Edwards – Former Preterist

    4) Larry Siegle - Covenant Eschatology

    5) Rivers of Eden - Preterism

    6) Mark Mountjoy - Atavist Bible Eschatology


    10/8/15: This Is the Brain that Shot President James Garfield "Guiteau wor­shipped its lead­er John Noyes—”I have per­fect, en­tire and ab­so­lute con­fid­ence in him in all things,” Guiteau wrote of him—be­fore flee­ing (twice) and threat­en­ing Noyes with black­mail. Guiteau would later pla­gi­ar­ize Noyes’s writ­ings as his own.. Even Noyes—a man who prac­ticed a life of free-love polyamor­ism and preached that Je­sus had re­turned to Earth in the year 70 A.D.—later wrote pro­sec­utors that “Guiteau’s in­san­ity had al­ways con­sisted of vi­cious and ir­re­spons­ible habits.”

    10/6/15: Doomsday coming? End of the world is imminent, say Christian believers
    Bad news everyone, the end of the world is coming (again)

    10/2/15: (Version X) is available for download. Burn as many copies as you wish for friends and family. Direct Link (729Mb .iso file)

    10/1/15: Happy 19th Birthday, (pic: Early website scan from Clarence Larkin's "Dispensational Truth" - Nebuchadnezzar's Statue in prophecy - complete with long toes.)

    Robert Mackey "Thanks for introducing me to preterism through the website Todd."

    Karen White "appy birthday, best comprehensive website on Preterism out there. Like that you have some opposing views as well..."

    10/1/15: The sack of Constantinople in 1453 "Now the Byzantines fled in disorder... Yes, this was the end. On this May 29, 1453, fell the empire which had endured for more than a thousand years. And on this day Christianity disappeared from the Eastern sky... In all history only the sack of Jerusalem can compare with this."

    9/21/15: A Biographical Chart of Writers in the early Christian Church who appear to have afforded Evidence in favor of the Apocalypse in "The Apocalypse of John" by Archdeacon Woodhouse (1805)

    9/18/15: Index of Bible Texts Found in the Ante-Nicene Fathers - The New Testament plus Malachi (PDF)

    9/17/15: Methodius, "De Lepra" (approx. AD 303; Translation, 2015) On the Ideal Word of Scripture: "He says plainly that to those who believe and are being saved the gospel is uncovered, but to those who are perishing it is veiled, as if it were bound on the outside with copper bands, [5] for anyone who understands the scriptures from outside goes away devoid of any spiritual understanding, like one who has seen empty walls made of stone. But one who strikes hard and tears away the mental curtain, given wings by the Spirit of God, flies in like a bird and reaches the inner meaning, which is the Holy of Holies. And when he has reached it he is nourished by the effulgence of the beauty of truth." (Thank you, Roger Pearse)

    [VIII.1] This is about visible things, but the mysteries and the things of our hearts he entrusts to the angel who is the guardian of that church, who visits and examines our inner man.

     [XI.1] And as I had said this, Euthymius said: “Indeed, concerning this, when I consider myself, when I hear about higher things (by higher things I mean the words of Christ), I am very glad, because I am brought to life by them, and I imagine that by heavenly things I have fixed my eyes on them, and forgetting myself, I think that I have left this world.

    9/17/15: On 4 Ezra: "The main body of the book appears to be written for consolation in a period of great distress (most likely Titus' destruction of the Second Temple in AD 70) according to the modern theory. The author seeks answers, similar to Job's quest for understanding the meaning of suffering but the author doesn't like or desire only the answer that was given to Job." / New translations:

    და ყოველთაგან შექმნულთაგან ერთა საზეპურო ჰყავ ერთი ისრაჱლი. და ყოველთაგან გამოცდილთა ნათესავთა შჯული მოჰმადლე ერსა რომელცა შეიყუარე:
    And from all the peoples you brought into existence you made one, Israel, elect, and from all chosen generations you gave the law to the people whom you also loved.

    და აწ, უფალო, რად მიგიცემიეს ერთი იგი წინაშე მრავალთა? რამეთუ აგინე ერთი იგი ძირი უფროჲს ყოველთა ძირთა და დააბნიე ერთი იგი შენი მხოლოდ-შობილი ყოველთა თანა.
    And now, Lord, why have you given up that one before many? Because you have rebuked that one root more than all roots and you have scattered that one, your only begotten, among everyone.

    10: [21] For thou seest that our sanctuary is laid waste, our altar broken down, our temple destroyed;

    12:9-12 For thou hast judged me worthy to shew me the last times. And he said unto me, This is the interpretation of the vision: The eagle, whom thou sawest come up from the sea, is the kingdom which was seen in the vision of thy brother Daniel. But it was not expounded unto him, therefore now I declare it unto thee.



    • Milton Terry (1893) The prophecies of Daniel "To sum up all in a single paragraph, the seventy heptades represent an indefinite period extending from the end of the exile until the final disruption of national Judaism by the destruction of Jerusalem and the temple. This was a period of nearly six centuries (from B. C. 536 to A. D. 70). The symbolical number 70 is divided into three parts of 7, 62, and 1. The first indicates the period of restoration from exile ; the third the end of the age - the last days of the pre-Messianic era, conceived vividly as a single heptade. The intervening period of sixty- two heptades is of course the undefined space of time between the restoration from exile and the final heptade of consummation. The seventieth heptade is the time when Messiah appears, establishes a new covenant with many, and, to use the language of Isaiah (liii, 10), it pleases Jehovah to bruise him and to make his soul an offering for sin, and so to supersede and do away the temple sacrifices. The end of that eventful heptade is signalized by the total destruction of the Jewish sanctuary, which pouring out of judgment on the desolate was the sign of the coming of the* Son of man and the bringing in of everlasting righteousness. This was the eonic crisis, which, according to Heb. xii, 27, 28, marked the removal of the temporary and the typical and the coming of "a kingdom that cannot be shaken."



    • Perspectives on the Legacy of George W. Bush (Cambridge Scholars Publishing) "It is difficult to directly link George W. Bush with any given eschatological views... (Left Behind's Premillennialism) is probably the most popular stance among evangelicals. It coincides with the idea as outlined in I Thessalonians 4:17. Furthermore, there are five predominant approaches to the Book of Revelation: historicist, preterist, futurist, moderate futurist and spiritualist/idealist. Two of the views, preterist and spiritualist/idealist are less common in evangelical eschatological conversations" (p. 125)

    • Madame Antonietta De La Grange: The Last Days of Jerusalem (1870; Tr. from Italian) "Vainly did Titus give orders to extinguish the fire; no one listened to them."

    • Thomas Hartwell Horne: An Introduction into the Critical Study of the Scriptures (1818) "A consideration of events recorded in history will very frequently show how far and in what sense any expression is to be understood figuratively. Thus many and various things are said relative to the coming of Christ, his kingdom, government, and adversaries. Now history informs us, that he came, at the destruction of Jerusalem, to rule and govern far and wide by the spreading of the Gospel."



    • James Macknight: A New Literal Translation, from the Original Greek of All the Apostolical (1835) "Young children, be not terrified by the rage of the unbelieving Jews: It the last hour of the Jewish commonwealth. And as ye have heard that the antichrist, who denieth the appearing of Christ in the flesh cometh before the destruction of Jerusalem, so now there are many such antichrists; from which we know that it is the last hour of the Jewish state."


    • Bahnsen on Chilton "Finally, any commentary on Revelation which incorrectly interprets major figures in the book cannot be condoned or commended to others. This is the bottom-line failure of David’s book. It is a misreading of God’s book."


    • Eustache Marcadé: Mystère de la Vengeance de Nostre Seigneur Ihesu Crist  (1465) "Here above Jerusalem there should appear fire in the form of flying dragons and a comet, armed men and flaming chariots, etcetera. According to the discretion of the company and the labourer, while at the same time the letters are written. And the folk of Jerusalem must make many varied and strange gestures, as people who are terrified by these marvels that they see above them. Then Ysacar says to Ysmael, in a very frightened manner...' (Mystère de la Vengeance de Nostre Seigneur Ihesu Crist, p. 37)



    • Adam Maarschalk: Timeline of events from 62 AD - 73 AD (2009) "Fall/Winter 67: Civil War breaks out in Judea between the revolutionaries and those who want peace with Rome. Jerusalem is eventually divided into three factions led by [1] Eleazar, who was over the Zealots [2] John of Gischala, who was over the Galileans, and [3] Simon, who was over the Idumeans. It remains this way until the city is destroyed."

    • The Wars of the Jews Audiobook - 12 hours of Librivox recording by Graham Redman (Whiston Translation)


    • William Vickers: An exposition of the book of common prayer (1765) "As our Saviour thus comforted his Disciples by assuring them that the destruction of Jerusalem should be means of delivering them from the oppression of the Jews; so every meek and patient Follower of Christ comfort himself under every calamity... This expression plainly shews that the foregoing prophecy relates to the destruction of Jerusalem"

    • Roger Pearse: How do we define “anti-semitism” so that we can use it for testing Matthew 27:25? "Classically anti-semitism wasn’t about negative depictions in novels, but about plots, conspiracies, The Protocols of the Elders of Zion, the Enemy Within, the Merchants of Death, and so on. It was about the perception of a conspiracy by Jews to do down everyone else, in their own selfish interest. Nor is it a perception without elements of truth, which had led to its rise in the first place."

    • Exhaustive List of Mt. 27:25 in Patristic Writers: "the most interesting reference is one in ps.Cyprian, which reveals that, rather than Christians taunting Jews as Christ-killers, some Jewish polemicists were not above taunting the Christians with the fact that the Jews had put the god of the Christians to death! No doubt while Christianity was illegal, and Judaism was not, such incidents did take place. Once Christianity was legal, and favoured by emperor after emperor, the boot was on the other foot."

      Origen, Commentary on Matthew. "And what was more unseemly than the fact, that they all said in His case, “Crucify Him, crucify Him,” and “Away with such a fellow from the earth”? And can this be freed from the charge of unseemliness, “His blood be upon us, and upon our children”? Wherefore, when He was avenged, Jerusalem was compassed with armies, and its desolation was near, and their house was taken away from it, and “the daughter of Zion was left as a booth in a vineyard, and as a lodge in a garden of cucumbers, and as a besieged city.” (Book 14, ch. 19)






    • Excavations reveal destruction of Second Temple "Shukrun had unearthed a Roman “gladius,” or sword, waiting 2,000 years to be found. It apparently belonged to a Roman soldier who dropped it when he climbed into the tunnel to search for Jewish rebels who had fled there in a panic after realizing their revolt had failed. Jerusalem had just been taken, and the Second Temple destroyed."

    • American Apocalypse by Matthew Avery Sutton review – the rise of Christian evangelicals  "The US government’s interventions in Iraq and Afghanistan have inflamed the region, and reassured evangelical extremists that the prophetic clock is fast approaching midnight. This would be less troubling if Hagee weren’t able to persuade US senators, diplomats and White House officials that his views on the Middle East are worth hearing. “Israel is not a political issue,” he tells them. “Israel is a Bible issue.” Given the parts of the Bible that most preoccupy Pastor Hagee, this is bad news for everyone – Israelis included."


    • Gary DeMar: Dispensationalism’s Future Jewish Holocaust Problem At the 2012 Democratic National Convention, Mark Alan Siegel, who served as the chairman of Florida’s Palm Beach County Democratic Party, told an interviewer the following about what he thought of Christian and Jewish relationships:

      “The Christians just want us to be there so we can be slaughtered and converted and bring on the second coming of Jesus Christ. The worst possible allies for the Jewish state are the fundamentalist Christians who want Jews to die and convert so they can bring on the second coming of their Lord. It is a false friendship. They are seeking their own ends and not ours. I don’t believe the fundamentalists urging a greater Israel are friends of the Jewish state.”

    • 2,000-Year-Old Ritual Bath Aramaic Inscriptions Removed “Was it someone who jokingly wanted to scribble graffiti, or perhaps what we have here is a desire to convey a deeply spiritual and religious message, perhaps even a cry for help as a result of a traumatic event (the destruction of the Temple and the catastrophic war of 66-70 CE)?”

      The inscriptions and paintings were removed and are being conserved in the laboratories of the Israel Antiquities Authority because they are very sensitive and exposure to the air damages them."


    The End Times Sign of Jerusalem: Vespasian's Victory

    MP3 By Nathan Jones

    How accurately did Jesus foretell the fall of Jerusalem in 70 AD?

    In this "The Truth Will Set You Free" TWave Radio episode, Pastor Vic Batista and I will look at the ninth end times sign related to Jerusalem prophesied by Jesus in Luke 21:20-24.


    • An Answer to the Jews "(Tertullian) calculates the seventy weeks of Daniel's prophecy (Daniel 9. 24) as ending with the destruction of the Temple in the first year of the reign of Vespasian. (8.1ff)"

    • Robert Stein: Jesus, the Temple and the Coming of the Son of Man “the first real full-length treatment of Mark 13 by an evangelical since the time of George Beasley-Murray”. / "Stein then argues, however, that the darkening of the heavens and the seeing of the Son of Man coming in clouds belong to a final parousia event, when history as we know it is brought to an end."


    • Lots of fun reading at

    • Alexander Gibb - Preterist site with lots of research resources - "Alexander has been a Christian for 46 years. Over the past decade he has studied 'the end times’ from a Preterist's perspective."


    • Steve Gray for Charisma - The End of the Age: Are We Simply Misunderstanding Matthew 24? "the wisest train of thought would be to stick with the general expectation of most first century Jews. The bottom line is that at the end of this long journey was the expectation of restoration. I don't need a stopwatch or a clock to measure how slow or how fast it moving. I don't look around at the circumstances of the world to decide if it is happening. For me, this means a restoration of what it means to be human while still being human in a mortal body."


    • "Equally interesting is the suggestion that Simon the Zealot might seek out some zealots if he truly believed a graven image was about to end up in the Temple. The speculation about Dan. 7 and the abomination that makes desolate is also plausible by Jesus’ disciples, since Jesus talked about this (see Mk. 13), and such a possibility might well have fueled speculation Jesus might be returning soon."


    • Stephen Rutenberg: A Different Perspective on the New Israel Fund Controversy (4/2/15)

      "Of all the terrible tragedies we read about, there was one story that affected me most deeply. The story as recalled by both the Talmud (Gitten 62) and Josephus Flavius (War of the Jews 5.1) tells of Jerusalem besieged by the Roman Legions. The Jews had revolted against the Roman occupation in about the year 67 CE. The Romans came back in force and laid siege to Jerusalem. At the time, Jerusalem was one of the largest and most fortified cities in the world, with the wherewithal to withstand a protracted Roman siege. In addition to its fortifications, Jerusalem contained such immense storehouses of food and wood that some sources indicate it would have allowed the city to survive for 21 years. It is likely that Rome would not have tolerated a siege of such duration."



    • Peter J. Leithart (3/18/15) Quadrigizing Revelation "the book predicts a specific set of historical events that took place soon after the book was written. Because God is consistent in His work, these historical events are patterned by and pattern other historical sequences. Just as Revelation depicts a replay of exodus, so later events can follow an exodus sequence. As allegories and tropologies arise from the literal sense, so historicist and idealist readings arise from a preterist interpretation."

      On Historical Idealism: "Idealist claim that the book is not predicting any specific series of events, but giving a symbolic portrait of perennial spiritual battles."


    • The Jewish Origin of the Vulcan Salute "The Vulcan greeting is based upon a blessing gesture used by the kohanim (koe-hah-NEEM) during the worship service. The kohanim are the genealogical descendants of the Jewish priests who served in the Jerusalem Temple. Modern Jews no longer have priests leading services as in ancient times, nor do we have animal sacrifices anymore. (Yes, people really do ask about that!) The sacrificial system ended with the destruction of the Temple by the Romans in the year 70 C.E. However, a remnant of the Temple service lives on in the "kohane blessing" ritual (duchenen in Yiddish) that is performed on certain holy days."


    • N.T. Wright - Jerusalem and the New Testament (18-page PDF) "This may be a romantic dream. It may be that, if we are to imagine any sort of earthly locale for a renewed Jerusalem, it must be found somewhere so totally different from the present one that there will be no danger of confusion. Nevertheless, it must surely be God’s will that those Christians, who find themselves in positions where they can influence what happens in the actual physical Jerusalem today, should use that opportunity in a thoroughly Christian way, working together without geographical pride or renewed emphasis on race, to create a community in which justice and shalom for all will flourish and spill over to the world."



    • Preterism: Undermining the Protestant Reformation (Part 1) "In other words, without the doctrine of papa Antichristus, the Reformers would have lacked the theological impetus to separate from Catholic Rome. For this reason, I unashamedly assert that that any Protestant evangelical, whose eschatology is principally characterized by preterism, undermines the principles of the Protestant Reformation."

    • Chrysostom on Hebrews 9:11 Of good things to come (τῶν γενομένων ἀγαθῶν)

      F.F. Bruce "But now Christ has appeared as high priest of the good things which have come to pass (The majority reading is "the good things that are to come", but the weight of the evidence favors "the good things that have come" (so P.46 B D* 1611 1739 2005 with the Syriac versions, Chrysostom, and Cyril of Jerusalem).

      Vincent's "According to this reading the A.V. is wrong. It should be "of the good things realized," or that have come to pass. The A.V. follows the reading μελλόντων about to be. So Tischendorf and Rev. T. Weiss with Westcott and Hort read γενομένων. Blessings not merely prophetic or objects of hope, but actually attained; free approach to God, the better covenant, personal communion with God, the purging of the conscience."

      Chrysostom: "Christ foretold many things. If those former things did not come to pass, then do not believe them; but if they all came to pass, why doubt concerning those that remain? And indeed, it were very unreasonable, nothing having come to pass, to believe the one, or when all has come to pass, to disbelieve the others.

      But I will make the matter more plain by an example. Christ said, that Jerusalem should be taken, and should be so taken as no city ever was before, and that it should never be raised up: and in fact this prediction came to pass. He said, that there should be "great tribulation" (Matthew 24:21), and it came to pass. He said that a grain of mustard seed is sown, so should the preaching [of the Gospel] be extended: and every day we see this running over the world. He said, that they who left father or mother, or brethren, or sisters, should have both fathers and mothers; And this we see fulfilled by facts. He said, "in the world ye shall have tribulation, but be of good cheer, I have overcome the world" (John 16:33), that is, no man shall get the better of you. And this we see by the events has come to pass."



    • Re-inking the Pen: Concerning scribal errors "This article argues that the constant necessity to re-ink one's pen provided the opportunity for scribal distraction at the level of eye, memory, judgement and pen, and would thus have been an occasion for the introduction of unintentional copying errors. This conclusion is suggested by writing practices in antiquity and confirmed by several striking examples in P. Oxy. 657 (=P13) where observable re-inking practices correlate with the introduction of new singular readings."

    • Charts: "A Tribulation Map" (Leon Bates, 1974)


    • Leicester Ambrose Sawyer The Elements of Biblical Interpretation (1834, Presbyterian; Martinsburg, NY) " those interpretations...which refer, all the predictions contained in them, to the destruction of the city of Jerusalem" / The Elements of Biblical Interpretation: Containing a Brief Exposition of the Fundamental Principles and Rules of this Science "12. Those interpretations of prophecy in which the events supposed to be pointed out, do not correspond to the prediction, must be false. This rule shows the fallacy and incorrectness of those interpretations of the 24th and 25th of Matthew, which refer, all the predictions contained in them, to the destruction of the city of Jerusalem by the Romans, and to contemporaneous and preceding events.

      The prophetic account of the advent of Christ, given in those chapters, and of the general judgment in which all nations are to be concerned, and their destinies of weal or woe decided upon, has nothing in the history of the destruction of Jerusalem, and contemporaneous events, which answers to it. There was no visible advent of Christ at the destruction of Jerusalem; there was no general judgment at that time more than at other times; there was no receiving of the righteous into glory, and banishment of the wicked into hell, at that time, more than at other times. For these reasons, therefore, as well as others, we may conclude, that all the predictions contained in these chapters did not receive their fulfillment at the time referred to." //  "The 24th chapter of Matthew has been enveloped in needless obscurity by a neglect of this rule. The subjects treated of in that chapter, are mentioned in the 2d and 3d verses—the destruction of Jerusalem, the future coming, or second advent of Christ, and the end of the world ; events perfectly distinct, though treated of continuously." (p 58)

    • Jewish Writings of the Second Temple Period: Apocrypha, Pseudepigrapha, Qumran Sectarian Writings, Philo, Josephus (1984; Ed Michael E. Stone) "The scrolls appear more or less related in spirit to a group of writings transmitted by Christianity and known as the Pseudepigrapha. Yet another group are the Apocrypha, closely related to later biblical writings and incorporated within the Greek Old Testament."


    • Sizer: New Heresy "In 2006, I drafted what became known as the Jerusalem Declaration on Christian Zionism signed by four of the Heads of Churches in Jerusalem: His Beatitude Patriarch Michel Sabbah, Latin Patriarch, Jerusalem; Archbishop Swerios Malki Mourad, Syrian Orthodox Patriarchate, Jerusalem; Bishop Riah Abu El-Assal, Episcopal Church of Jerusalem and the Middle East; and Bishop Munib Younan, Evangelical Lutheran Church in Jordan and the Holy Land. In it they insisted:

      "We categorically reject Christian Zionist doctrines as a false teaching that corrupts the biblical message of love, justice and reconciliation. "

    • Christianity Today (2/9/15): Christian Zionism used to justify 'apartheid on steroids', says World Vision vice-president "They have become so tied to these theological interpretations that they have labeled any critical comment against the nation-state as antithetical to Christian belief and even anti-Jewish."

    • Francis X. Gummerlock: Revelation and the First Century - Among the many new insights gained in this book, you will read from many early and medieval Christians who believed:

      John wrote Revelation before A.D. 70
      “The hour of testing” (Rev 3:10) occurred immediately after the death of Nero
      The Emperor Titus was one of the horsemen of the Apocalypse
      The seal and trumpet judgments were fulfilled in the Roman-Judean war
      The Roman Emperor Nero was the beast of Revelation 13
      Nero’s name was used in calculation of the number of the beast, 666

      Perhaps even more impressive, Dr. Gumerlock has combed through dozens of ancient manuscripts that have never before been translated into English. Revelation and the First Century will lead to a number of historical reassessments of Bible prophecy.

    • Johnny Cash: Matthew 24 (Is Knocking at the Door) (Video)


    • Nate DuBois: Understanding the "Mortal Body" of Scripture "The "mortal body" that would be given life (Rom 8:11) is the soul. The "flesh" that would be made alive, that was dead at the present time that Paul wrote Romans 8, was the soul. He was a prisoner to the "law of sin" because his soul was dead and he could not, in his dead state, stop the physical acts of sinning. It was a war he fought daily and why he said he daily had to crucify his "flesh," which was obviously not a literal statement, and live according to the spirit."

    • Church History: The Annals of Eutychius of Alexandria (10th c. AD) – chapter 9 "In the second year of his reign there was made bishop of Jerusalem James, son of Joseph, called “brother of our Lord,” who was the first of the bishops who then followed in Jerusalem. He held the seat for twenty-eight years. The disciples suffered great tribulations at the hands of the Jews and the Romans, and many of them were killed. "

    • Hardy on the Prophecies (1770) Counter-Preterism. Theological preterism was the "general opinion":

      "With regard to some prophecies, he ventures to oppose what has been the general opinion, supported by the suffrage of very learned men, concerning their explication and accomplishment: thus concerning the predictions of Christ which are commonly supposed to have received their fulfilment in the destruction of Jerusalem by Titus, he fays, 'This prophecy was delivered very opportunely to strengthen the faith and hope of the disciples, and to render their confidence in him^ especially after his resurrection, steady and unshaken. And it is our own fault, if we make not this use of it at this very day. For the prophecy, as I believe, concerns us, and the generations that are future, as well as it concerned the Apostles, and contains irresistable persuasions to perseverance in our warfare. -—You will perceive then, that I am for extending this prophecy of our blessed Saviour's long beyond the destruction of Jerusalem by Titus.'

    • Charles Leslie (1755) The case of the Jews, considered with respect to Christianity, by the author of Deism refuted  "And Corn. Tacit. (Hist 1.5.) speaks almost the same words, telling of the great Prodigies, which preceded the Destruction of Jerusalem: He says, That many undersood them as the Forerunners of that extraordinary Person, whom the antient Books of the Priests did foretel should come, about that Time, from Judea, and obtain the Dominion."

    • Beyond Chutzpah - On the Misuse of Anti-Semitism and the Abuse of History (Free PDF file of Introduction)

      "The most recent addition to this genre, Finkelstein argues, is Harvard Law Professor Alan Dershowitz’s bestseller, The Case for Israel.

      The core analysis of Beyond Chutzpah sets Dershowitz’s assertions on Israel’s human rights record against the findings of the mainstream human rights community. Sifting through thousands of pages of reports from organizations such as Amnesty International, B’Tselem, and Human Rights Watch, Finkelstein argues that Dershowitz has misrepresented the facts."


    • Frank Budlong: Harvard Textbook (1899) "The Destruction of Jerusalem / "So fell Jerusalem. Its destruction was not only a fulfillment of prophecy, but it also transmits to us its own impressive lesson — "righteousness exalteth a nation, but sin is a reproach to any people."

    • Cult sites discovered in Israel  "Some 100 prehistoric "cult sites," complete with penis stone structures and artifacts with vulva shapes cut into them, have been discovered in the Eilat Mountains, an extremely arid area of the Negev Desert in Israel."



    • Is a secret rapture in the Bible? "While many Bible prophecies have dual fulfillments, “the abomination of desolation” has three. The first occurred in 167 BC, when Syrian king Antiochus Epiphanes offered a pig to the Greek god Zeus on the Temple altar in Jerusalem. The second fulfillment is a type of what Christ referred to in Matthew 24:15, when Roman armies destroyed Jerusalem in AD 70. The third fulfillment—the main one—is now imminent!"



    • Mummy mask may reveal oldest known gospel "A text that may be the oldest copy of a gospel known to exist — a fragment of the Gospel of Mark that was written during the first century, before the year 90 — is set to be published. / At present, the oldest surviving copies of the gospel texts date to the second century (the years 101 to 200."


    • Archaeologists Uncover Possible Royal Escape Tunnel at Biblical Site "Excavations of the remains of the later city, that of Bethsaida, have yielded numerous finds confirming the site’s occupation during the time of Jesus and his disciples and after their deaths, such as a Roman temple and associated artifacts dated to the early 1st century CE, other structures, fishing and cooking implements, and coins. Most recently, in 2014, a rare Judaea capta coin was discovered, a coin minted by Emperor Domitian between 81 and 96 CE to commemorate the conquest of Judaea and destruction of Jerusalem in 70 CE by emperors Vespasian and Titus."


    • Failed Messiah: Leading Archeologist Says Giant Building Stones At Base Of Temple Mount Near Kotel Not Caused By Destruction of Second Temple "The heap of large building stones piled next to the southern section of the Kotel (Western Wall) in Jerusalem didn’t get there through the Roman destruction of the Second Temple, despite the fact that official signs, books, tour guides and archaeologists have for decades said the opposite.

      Instead, Shimon Gibson, the British-born Senior Associate Fellow at the Albright Institute of Archaeological Research in Jerusalem and an adjunct Professor of Archaeology at the University of North Carolina at Charlotte, now says these walls toppled almost than 300 years after the Second Temple’s destruction in the major earthquake that devastated Jerusalem in 363 CE."


    • Christians in the Roman Army: Countering the Pacifist Narrative "From the conversion of Cornelius at about AD 39 to AD 173, we have absolutely no sources referencing Christian participation in the army... In 173, we have a story that would be easy to dismiss were it not documented by five sources. "…/christians-in-the-rom… (Pic: Mosaic on the floor of an early Christian church within the Roman army fortress at Megiddo.)




    • Times of Israel: Anti-semitism makes me question Jews' future in UK "Netanyahu’s constitutional change would define Israel as “the nation state of one people only – the Jewish people – and of no other people”. / Danny Cohen, who is the director of BBC Television, claimed that anti-Semitism has become so bad that he has to question the long-term future for Jews in Britain."

    • HuffPost: Exploding Jerusalem 'if Christian Zionists... do not stop supporting and encouraging these provocations, they will be complicit in what may erupt.'

      "But there is one more thing that's even more important. American Christian Zionists have not been helpful. For them, the building of the "Third Temple" is a part of an imagined prophesy fantasy that has taken churches by storm. They speak loudly about the need to build this temple, the prophesied war that will erupt, and the conclusion of history with the Second Coming of Jesus. And they send millions of dollars to Zionist organizations to help advance this fantasy and the resulting conflagration to come true. Lord have mercy."



    • Two millennia after the sack of jerusalem what does history tell us "Joseph, or Josephus as be became known, lived through the most turbulent period of the Jewish-Roman wars, and — to the joy of later historians — loved writing as much as he enjoyed talking about himself. He had a very high opinion of everything he did, and clearly saw himself at the centre of events. That said, his boastful personality is inextricably linked to the extraordinary life he led, and to his unique closeness to the decision makers on both sides of the war. Whatever one thinks of his character or actions, his eye for detail and his fascination with the politics driving Rome and Jerusalem make him one of the most immediate and exciting writers of the first century."

    • America Has Been Warned (Hermeneutic of History) "Gibbon begins his Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire with a look at the ruins of the Roman Forum—once the vital hub of the Republic, then of the Empire. But many centuries later, he recorded, the Forum had disappeared as an urban center; the once-important public space was now just ruins, overgrown with petty farming and overrun by farm animals"


    • Christian Insecurity: The Problem of the Second Coming "In other words since people are expected to make mistakes, Jesus in human form also would be prone to this failing. But where does that leave Christian promises? If Paul, the “father” of the religion was wrong about Jesus Return then where does that leave Paul’s promise of Eternal Life in Jesus? And if even Jesus, Son of God and the Christ was mistaken… Does Christianity just come down to a roll of dice, another instance of Pascal’s Wager? "


    • Event: Friday (10/17/14) on TBN's "The Church Channel": John Noe's excellent 'Synthesis Eschatology'
    • Theologian claims rapture proponents all wrong "William Lane Craig of is an outspoken critic of the rapture theory, which serves as the basis for recently released Hollywood thrillers like “The Remaining” and “Left Behind.”  But in an interview this week, he specifically addressed some of the verses in the Bible that he believes rapture enthusiasts interpret incorrectly when addressing the end times and the second coming."


    • Christian History's Preterist Assumption - Added dozens of works from the "Silent Era" (AD70-150)

    • Christian History: AD40-60 - Didache: Teaching of the Twelve (PDF File with Schaff commentary now available.)

      Philip Schaff: "The Didache aptly closes with an exhortation to watchfulness and readiness for the coming of the Lord, as the goal of the Christian's hope. The sixteenth chapter is an echo of the eschatological discourses in the Synoptical Gospels, especially the twenty-fourth chapter of Matthew, with the exception of those features which especially refer to the destruction of Jerusalem and the Temple."

      "The Synoptical Gospels were written before AD70, and hence contain no hint at the fulfilment, which could hardly have been avoided had they been written later."

    • Christian History: AD50-150 - P.Oxy. 1224 "W[h]at [is] the ne[w] doct[rine] [that they say] [you] te[ach]" / "It seems an independent Gospel"


    • Free Online Books: John Home (1737) The Scripture History of the Jews, and Their Republick (PDF) "Nor did he cease till he made a final End and Dissolution of the Jewish Oeconomy, which St. Peter calls the End of all things (I Pet. iv. 7) and St. James, the Coming of the Lord (Jam. v.8) and which our Saviour calls the Coming of the Son of Man (Mat. xiv. 27,28) the last of which verses may probably be an Allusion to the Roman Eagle, which was the Ensign of the Roman Empire." (p. 303)


    • Solzhenitsyn book infuriates Russian Jews | Discussion "In the book, "Two Hundred Years Together," Solzhenitsyn, 84, who won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1970 for being the first to expose the horrors of the Stalinist gulag [the chain of brutal Soviet prison camps where he was imprisoned], deals with one of the last taboos of the communist revolution: that Jews were as much perpetrators of the repression as its victims."


    • The Antichrist and the Muslim Mahdi "Muslims see the Mahdi as a savior who will lead a global revolution and establish a worldwide Islamic empire. The Mahdi will rule the Earth as the final Caliph of Islam (a caliph is both a political ruler and a spiritual representative of Allah on Earth)."
    • HuffPost: Nobody is getting left behind We are absolutely living in the last days, but as my professor said so long ago, we have been ever since Jesus walked about of the tomb on Easter morning.

    10/1/14: HAPPY 18TH, PRETERISTARCHIVE.COM! (17th Year: 988,513 Visitors; 18,387,778 Hits; 1.63 TB)



    • Pope Benedict XVI on Origen: "He was a true teacher." "I invite you to welcome the teachings of this great teacher of the faith into your hearts."

      F.W. Farrar - "The more merciful opinions on some of these subjects, though notorious, and though even by that time they had been continually discussed, were not condemned by the first four General Councils; were in the case of the two Gregories never condemned at all; were not (as I shall endeavour to show) distinctly condemned (as his other errors were) even in the case of Origen; did not so much as come into discussion (as is sometimes falsely asserted) at the Fifth Oecumenical Council; and were spoken of at first, even by those who did not share in them, with perfect calmness and toleration."  "Mercy and Judgment"

      Philip Schaff "Did the Fifth Synod examine the case of Origen and finally adopt the XV. Anathemas against him which are usually found assigned to it? It would seem that with the evidence now in our possession it would be the height of rashness to give a dogmatic answer to this question. Scholars of the highest repute have taken, and do take to-day, the opposite sides of the case, and each defends his own side with marked learning and ability. To my mind the chief difficulty in supposing these anathematisms to have been adopted by the Fifth Ecumenical is that nothing whatever is said about Origen in the call of the council, nor in any of the letters written in connexion with it; all of which would seem unnatural had there been a long discussion upon the matter, and had such an important dogmatic definition been adopted as the XV." Cite

      Roger Pearse "Now I was under the impression, rightly or wrongly, that the Council of Constantinople held by Justinian had condemned Origenism, and perhaps anathematised Origen himself, depending on some text-critical questions.  To pronounce a man anathema 300 years after he died in the peace of the church, and died moreover from the effects of torture in confessing Christ, would be morally wrong of course."


    • WWCOG Recognizes Jesus Christ as fulfillment of the Sabbath & the Old Covenant (aka AD30 Preterism). "Jesus came as the climax, the conclusion, and the very reason for the old covenant."

      "I've been doing some cleaning-house (or rather cleaning-office), and I came across an article I used to read in my old sabbath-keeping sermon. The following are excerpts from Editor in Chief, Joseph W. Tkach, article "The Sabbath Rest in Christ" on page 1 of the August 1995 issue of the Worldwide Church of God's magazine, "The Plain Truth":

      "The Worldwide Church of God [has] changed its historical position as a strict seventh-day (Saturday) Sabbath-keeping fellowship. ... It no longer holds to the doctrine that the old covenant Sabbath commandment is binding on Christians.
      "The Church's new doctrinal position resulted from a careful, prayerful, and honest study of the scriptural teaching.

      "The Worldwide Church of God has come to understand that the New Testament affirms that the law (all the law, not selected parts of it) ... that none of it is valid and binding for Christians 'apart from' its fulfillment in Christ. ... In other words, the key to interpreting the validity of the Old Testament laws for Christians is understanding how they are fulfilled in Christ.

      "Jesus came as the climax, the conclusion, and the very reason for the old covenant. The old covenant pointed to Him, not He to it. It existed to foreshadow Him, not He to reestablish it. And once He came, it became obsolete.

      The Law and the Prophets are fulfilled in Jesus Christ. That means they must be interpreted in light of God's supreme act of salvation in Him. Our former doctrinal framework resorted to the opposite. ... We now understand that this flaw in interpretation led to all sorts of wrong conclusions and the imposition of a 'form of godliness' that denied the power of the Savior."


    Sizer: Christian Zionism is "an exclusive theology driving a political agenda which elevates one nation over others, rather than an inclusive theology centered on Jesus Christ, the Savior of the world. In its worst forms, Christian Zionism uses the Bible to justify racial superiority, land expropriation, home demolitions, population transfer, colonial settlements, the denial of international law, and the dehumanization of Arabs. It fuels not only Islamophobia but also anti-Semitism and Islamist retaliation against Christians."



    David Durell "AD70=Second Coming" quote in 1763 - "But other Parts of Scripture and the Event shewn us, that Christ's Second Coming, and the Dissolution of the Jewish State are one and the same Thing... The Destruction of Jerusalem by Vespasian, which put an end to the Jewish Government, is so well known in Scripture by Christ's, or the Son of Man's, Coming, that it were lost Time to endeavour to prove it, it being mentioned no less than seven Times in one Chapter under that Image." (The Hebrew text of the parallel prophecies of Jacob and Moses relating to the twelve tribes, p. 67)

    M. Cooper "AD70=Second Advent" quote from 1745 - "As oft as ye eat this Bread and drink this Cup, ye shew forth the Lord's Death till he come. Which words, till he come, that they lay a particular Emphasis upon; understanding them, either to speak of Christ's gracious coming in the Hearts of Believers, or of his vindictive Advent at the Destruction of Jerusalem." (A Dissertation on the Voluntary Eating of Blood, p. 89)


    With that cite for synne it stood so tho,
    That yif Romeyns be marcial violence
    Hadde nat komen & doon hem al this wo,
    The erthe sholde han opnid & ondo,
    Deuoured the peeple, void of al refuge,
    Or drowned the toun be sum sodeyn deluge.
    Breefli to passe, this vengaunce most terrible
    Doon upon Iewes for ther transgressioun,
    For ther demerites the punshyng most horrible,
    Of Iherusalem fynal subuersioun,
    Of the temple, tabernacle & toun,
    In Iosephus, who list seen al the deede,—
    De bello Iudaico, the surplus he may reede.



    • Free Online Books: Hugo Grotius: Annotations on the New Testament (1641-44 Latin) - Addition of VOLUME FIVE pdf completes set!  Now, for an English version.. seeking translator. 

      "Christ, if I am capable of discerning any thing, distinctly answers two distinct questions. - The coming of Christ many do not distinguish from the end of the world, being, I apprehend, deceived by the ambiguity of the word; for it is most certain, that the word parousia [or coming] has a diversity of acceptation. - I here interpret it, not of the Judgment, but of THE KINGDOM of the Messiah."

    Was Josephus familiar with the Apocalypse of John? Or John with Wars?

    John's Revelation - “And there were noises and thundering and lightnings; and there was a great earthquake, such a mighty and great earthquake as had not occurred since men were on the earth.” (16:18)

    Josephus - “for there broke out a prodigious storm in the night, with the utmost violence, and very strong winds, with the largest showers of rain, with continued lightnings, terrible thunderings, and amazing concussions and bellowings of the earth, that was in an earthquake. These things were a manifest indication that some destruction was coming upon men, when the system of the world was put into this disorder; and any one would guess that these wonders foreshowed some grand calamities that were coming” (“Wars of the Jews” 4:4:5)
    John's Revelation - "Now the great city was divided into three parts, and the cities of the nations fell. And great Babylon was remembered before God, to give her the cup of the wine of the fierceness of His wrath.” (16:19)

    Josephus - “it so happened that the sedition at Jerusalem was revived, and parted into three factions, and that one faction fought against the other; which partition in such evil cases may be said to be a good thing, and the effect of divine justice.” (5:1:1)

    John's Revelation - “And great hail from heaven fell upon men, each hailstone about the weight of a talent.” (16:21)

    Josephus -  “Now the stones that were cast were of the weight of a talent, and were carried two furlongs and further. The blow they gave was no way to be sustained, not only by those that stood first in the way, but by those that were beyond them for a great space. As for the Jews, they at first watched the coming of the stone, for it was of a white color, and could therefore not only be perceived by the great noise it made, but could be seen also before it came by its brightness;” (5:6:3)

    Rare David Chilton Lecture Series “The Days of Vengeance”

    David Chilton
    M.Div. PhD.


    • David Chilton: Rare David Chilton Lecture Series “The Days of Vengeance” The Days of Vengeance is an extraordinary exposition of the book of Revelation and has undoubtedly been welcomed as a cool drenching rain upon a dry, thirsty ground. Long parched and impoverished by speculative spectacularization, the evangelical scholastic wilderness can do naught but soak in Chilton’s careful and literate commentary.  The Days of Vengeance is phenomenal. It is big (nearly 750 pages big, going where no commentary has dared to go before). It is brash (marshalling mountains of long forgotten evidence to the cause). It is a brazen bravura, a delight, a tour de force.

    The Syriac Version of the Apocalypse

    Murdock Syriac (5th Century)

    "The Revelation, which was made by God to John the Evangelist, in the island of Patmos, to which he was banished by Nero the Emperor."

    Etheridge Syriac (5th Century)



    • Joel Madasu: Historical Analysis of Preterism From the Early Church

      "This system of the teachings of prophetic events is known as Preterism. “Preterism is the eschatological system that teaches that most (modertate, or partial preterism), if not all (extreme, or plenary preterism), of Jesus’ predictions in the Olivet Discourse were fulfilled at the time of Jerusalem’s desolation and the temple’s destruction in A.D. 70.”[2] R.C. Sproul explains preterism as: “An eschatological viewpoint that places many or all eschatological events in the past, especially during the destruction of Jerusalem in A.D. 70. [Lawrence A. DeBruyn, “Preterism And ‘This Generation’” Bibliotheca Sacra 167 (April-June 2010): 180-200, 180.]" (Thanks to Michael Miano for heads-up)


    No Stone Upon Another: Studies in the Significance of the Fall of Jerusalem in the Synoptic Gospels

    Lloyd Gaston

    Gabriel Stone

    Second Temple "Gabriel Stone"

    Heaven and Earth Shaking Passage 24-25


    12. [ ] .. from my house Israel and I will talk about the greatness of
    13. [Thus] said the Lord, God of Israel, now all the nations
    14. … enc[amp] on Jerusalem and from it are exi[led]
    15. one two three forty Prophets and the elders
    16. and the Hasidim. My servant David, ask of Ephraim
    17. [that he] place the sign; (this) I ask of you. For thus said
    18. the Lord of Hosts, the God of Israel, my gardens are ripe,
    19. My holy thing for Israel. By three days you shall know, for thus said
    20. the Lord of Hosts, the God of Israel, the evil has been broken
    21. before righteousness.

    Lines 19-21: "Leshloshet yamin tayda ki-nishbar hara melifnay hatzedek" ("In three days you will know that evil will be defeated by justice")

    24. his seat. In a little while, I will shake
    25. .. the heavens and the earth.

    Line 57: "dam tvuhey yerushalayim" ("the blood of the slain of Jerusalem").


    "The topic entails another mode of interpreting Luke's Gospel, complementing other accepted modes (apologetic, pastoral-horatory, doctrinal) and aptly describing described as "historical-typological." This further mode is grounded in the preface to Luke's presentation of his gospel as kind of history. It respects the narrative progression of Luke's Gospel including some attention to the way in which he conditions his typed audience to reflect upon and personally to apply the intended lesson. The fate of Jerusalem is brought about by two major facts. First, the people are insensitive to the terms for peace. Although they are ostensibly favorable to Jesus' teaching (as "Impressed unbelievers have been hitherto, and are warned rather than condemned, they will, as a matter of historical reality, perish for the more serious sins of others. Second, the rulers of the people (the Romans not excepted, but not considered as primarily responsible) have committed injustice and thus bring about the ruin of the people. The fate of Jerusalem, however, is not ultimately weighed as an event in itself - it is a sign for others, and is expressly related to time for (judgment of) nations.

    All this proves to be relevant, parabolically, to Luke's readership, a man of affluence and influence, educated, who is expected to perceive in "a history" what should be done and what should be avoided, to discern models of good and of evil, with their consequences for society as he knows it. In effect, Luke's lesson apropos of his account of Jerusalem's destruction is to be construed as a question prompted in the typed reader's mind: If this is what happened to Jerusalem because of the way Jesus and those who represent him, his disciples, were treated, what will happen to my city/nation/society if he (and his followers, who stand for him) are treated similarly? What am I, as a respected man with some influence, expected to do?" (viii)


    Foto de la librería


    DAN. IX. ver. 20. to the end, usually called,


    See Also David Chilton, Hugo Grotius, Thomas Hayne, Benjamin Marshall, Origen, Gregory Sharpe, Herbert Thorndike // Daniel's Seventy Weeks Study Archive


    "..Bishop of Dromore, to whom at his request I had sent an extra of the eight last verses of the Ninth chapter of Daniel, from the ancient version of the Seventy, lately discovered and published at Rome, most obligingly returned his acknowledgments with the following ingenious remarks.

    "The numbers which in this version are found different from those in the common text he thinks, "may be thus accounted for. "Seventy weeks add seven weeks are 539 years. Now "Cyrus's decree according to all the Chronologers was issued 536 years before Christ; and if we reckon by hebdomads of years, we cannot come nearer to Christ's birth. Add to the sixty two years (mentioned ver. 26 and 27. in this Greek version) the surplus of three "years in the period of seventy seven weeks; and you "have the year LXV after Christ, the year immediately preceding the Jewish war.

    This too is called "Christ's coming, Matt. xvi. 28. xxiv. 3. &c. ( Thus the period of weeks refers to the birth of Christ "with a sufficient exactness for prophetical language; "and that of years marks his coming in another sense "with historical precision" Thus the year of our Lord LXX, "when the city was destroyed, and the sacrifice ceased, "was the middle year of the week."


    Origen: "The weeks of years, also, which the prophet Daniel had predicted, extending to the leadership of Christ, have been fulfilled" (Principles, 4:1:5).

    Six Sermons on the Study of the Holy Scriptures

    Plus Two Dissertations ; with an original Exposition of the Book of Revelation.

    the second on the interpretation of prophecy generally, with an original exposition of the book of Revelation, shewing that the whole of that remarkable prophecy has long ago been fulfilled.

    By the Rev. Samuel Lee
    Arabic Professor Cambridge

    (AND DON'T FORGET AD 312 or 135 or 79)

    Dr. Martyn Lloyd-Jones "Christ is fulfilling the law on the cross, and unless you interpret the cross, and Christ's death upon it, in strict terms of the fulfilling of the law you have not the scriptural view of the death upon the cross."  (Studies in the Sermon on the Mount, p. 168)

    AD70 Storyline Fundamentally Different

    WHATSNEW 1996-97-98-99-00-01-02-03-04-05-06-07-08-09-10-11-12-13-14-15-16 || GUESTBOOK | ARTCHIVE


    All PDF Files
     (Get 'em while you can)

    Fulfilled Prophecy Bibliography | A Dictionary of the Writers on the Prophecies (PDF) | Works Relating to Jews in the New York Library (PDF)

    Charles Schultz Says:

    "Don't worry about the world coming to an end today. It's already tomorrow in Australia."

    "the only real apocalypse is the personal one."
    Echo's Answer

    “There are more things in Heaven and Earth, Horatio, than are dreamt of in your philosophy.”
    Hamlet: Act 1, Scene 5, Page 8

    Church-State Relations and the Book of Revelation
    By Todd Dennis, Curator

    "The work of James Stuart Russell in his book The Parousia is a great labor from a man of the experience of facing the system of the political and church combined operation. This political and church agreement is one of the main subjects of the book of Revelation and the whole gospel. The first century christian were facing the great Babylon. The 21 century christians are fighting with the same matter in a different situation. The new great Babylon is modern and systematic. They have the history as a mirror to look back and to avoid to make the same mistakes of the past. But in effect, as Christ confronted the system in his days the christians must fight the same. In this way the Apocalypse is repeated each time." Juan C. Peña Marrero - Bayamón, Puerto Rico.

    The 20-year archive project has no sponsors and sells no advertising.  If you have been blessed, please consider a donation to help its upkeep.  Prayers sought above donations.

    Recanting Full Preterism: Abauzit  Townley  Desprez - "(Full) Preterism has a long history of adherents who recanted. Here are examined the works of three prominent men who embraced preterist or hyperpreterist views, but later recanted." (Abauzit, Townley, Desprez)

    Preterism in A.D. 611 : Andrew of Caesarea - On Revelation 6:14b-17: "Our Lord foretold the future events to the apostles who were asking about the destruction of the Temple in Jerusalem and about the end of time, as much as they were able to receive. These things already happened, in the siege of Vespasian and Titus, to the Judeans who killed Christ, just as Josephus the Hebrew narrates."

    Scholars differ on what the Bible says about the End Times (2009) "The only views that qualify as unorthodox are those that deny a future coming of Christ" - Russell D. Moore, senior vice president for academic administration and dean of the theology school at Southern Baptist Theological Seminary in Louisville, Ky. ['s classification for "Hyper Preterism" includes (quite reasonably) this doctrine of "The Second and Only Coming of Jesus in AD70"]

    The (New) History of Full Preterism (.WMV) citation in Holman's Student Bible: The HCSB Bible

    The Philip Mauro Library - 60 titles on one CD // The 27 Sieges of Jerusalem // Theology Explained

    King James I (1588) "Of all the Scriptures, the buik of the Reuelatioun is maist meit for this our last age..  Iudge yif this be not ye tyme quhairof this place that I have maide chois of doeth meane, and sa ye dew tyme for the reueiling of this prophecie." (Ane fuitfull Meditatioun contening ane plane and facill exposition of ye 7,8,9 and 10 versis of the 20 Chap. of the Reuelatioun - Edinburgh)

    Google Books | Bibliography of Judaism and Christianity | Rare Books at DTS | Book Search : Apocalypse | Turpin Library (DTS) Rare Online Books Collection

    Administrative: Simple Classification and Color Schemes Given to Distinguish Between Forms of Fulfillment Eschatology: 

    Futurism (F) - (No Fulfillment of Matt. 24/25 & Revelation in 1st C. - Types of Future Events Only)
    Historical Preterism (HP) - (Minor Fulfillment of Matt. 24/25 or Revelation in Past)
    Modern Preterism (MP) - (Major Fulfillment of Matt. 24/25 or Revelation in Past)

    Hyper Preterism (HyP) - (Absolute Fulfillment of all Bible prophecy - Full Preterism and "Resurrection Past" Teachings; Full Preterism is systematized Hyper Preterism - All Full Preterism is Hyper Preterism, but not all Hyper Preterism is Full Preterism.) 

    AD70 is awesome!  ..when used as a template of how Jesus has worked, is working, and will work.  When seen as a single working 2,000 years ago... not so much.

    (AND DON'T FORGET AD 312 or 135 or 79)

    Dr. Martyn Lloyd-Jones "Christ is fulfilling the law on the cross, and unless you interpret the cross, and Christ's death upon it, in strict terms of the fulfilling of the law you have not the scriptural view of the death upon the cross."  (Studies in the Sermon on the Mount, p. 168)

    ARTchive Churban

    James Edson White - The Coming King (1911)

    Vespasian Hearing from One of His Generals of the Taking of Jerusalem by Titus
    By Lawrence Alma-Tadema


    "Near" / "close" / "at hand" in the Old Testament

    My righteousness is near; My salvation went out; and My arms shall judge peoples; coastlands shall wait on Me, and they shall hope on My arm. (Isa 51:5 LITV)

    Vengeance and retribution belong to Me; in due time their foot will slip; for the day of their calamity is near, and the things prepared are hurrying for them. (Deu 32:35 LITV)

    Alas for the day! For the day of Jehovah is at hand. And it shall come as a destruction from the Almighty. (Joe 1:15 LITV)

    Blow a ram's horn in Zion, and shout an alarm in My holy mountain. Let all those living in the land tremble. For the day of Jehovah approaches; it is near, (Joe 2:1 LITV)

    For the day of Jehovah is near on all the nations: As you have done, it shall be done to you; your reward shall return on your head! (Oba 1:15 LITV)

    The Philip Mauro Library - 60 titles on one CD // The 27 Sieges of Jerusalem // Theology Explained

    King James I (1588) "Of all the Scriptures, the buik of the Reuelatioun is maist meit for this our last age..  Iudge yif this be not ye tyme quhairof this place that I have maide chois of doeth meane, and sa ye dew tyme for the reueiling of this prophecie." (Ane fuitfull Meditatioun contening ane plane and facill exposition of ye 7,8,9 and 10 versis of the 20 Chap. of the Reuelatioun - Edinburgh)

    Emperor Titus "God co-operates with us. -- Their miseries, by your valor and God's assistance, are multiplied. Their factions, famine, siege, and the falling of their walls without a battery, do they not manifest that God is angry with them, and assists us?" (Jewish Wars, l. vi. c. 1. 5.)


    New 18th Century Modern Preterist: The Hugely Influential Gregory Sharpe, Chaplain to King George III and "Master" of the famed Temple Church

    ARTchive Churban

    James Edson White - The Coming King (1911)

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    The Contribution of British Writers Between 1560 and 1830 to the Interpretation of Revelation 13.16-18 - Chapter Five : 1649-1660 - Henry Hammond and the Preterist School of Interpretation "This volume contained a brave but lonely attempt to introduce the preterist interpretation of the Book of Revelation to English soil.  Hammond laid great stress on the opening words of the Apocalypse in which  the book is said to contain 'things which must shortly come to pass.'  .. But those who argued for the preterist interpretation of the Book of Revelation.. were playing to empty galleries, until at least the fourth decade of the nineteenth century.  Their views were anything but popular and those who followed them could soon find themselves branded with the infamous mark of the papal beast."  Others who followed: Herbert Thorndike / "author of an anonymous tract on the Millennium published in 1693 ("Millennianism : or, Christ's Thousand Years Reign upon Earth, considered, in a Familiar Letter to a Friend")"  / Daniel Mace


    Revelations of the Ancient World

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    Chilton's Days of Vengeance Back in Print! | The Last Days: Rethinking Bible Prophecy in the Light of History

    Constantine the.. Pret!

    : "I am filled with wonder at the intellectual greatness of the emperor, who as if by divine inspiration thus expressed what the prophets had foretold concerning this monster"


    James Stuart Russell

    • The Parousia (1878)

      Full Preterist Millennium "violent and unnatural" "Some interpreters indeed attempt to get over the difficulty by supposing that the thousand years, being a symbolic number, may represent a period of very short duration, and so bring the whole within the prescribed apocalyptic limits; but this method of interpretation appears to us so violent and unnatural that we cannot hesitate to reject it. " (p. 514)

      Revelation 20:5-10 Still Unfulfilled "We must consequently regard this prediction of the loosing of Satan, and the events that follow, as still future, and therefore unfulfilled." (p. 523)


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