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End Times Chart

Introduction and Key

Significance of AD30 - Calvary is judgment de jure; AD70 is only judgment de facto ("WPG")

Jirair Tashjian: The Second Coming "When writers and preachers make such a big fuss about the Second Coming and the end of the world, they are forgetting something much more important. They are in effect minimizing the First Coming. In a real sense the world ended some two thousand years ago in Jesus. Something decisive happened for humanity and for our relationship with God in the life, death and resurrection of Christ." [The destruction of the veil proves de jure fulfillment] // "For Christ has appeared, and in him the shadows have given way to the perfect and abiding reality."


Was Josephus familiar with the Apocalypse of John? Or John with Wars?

John's Revelation - “And there were noises and thundering and lightnings; and there was a great earthquake, such a mighty and great earthquake as had not occurred since men were on the earth.” (16:18)

Josephus - “for there broke out a prodigious storm in the night, with the utmost violence, and very strong winds, with the largest showers of rain, with continued lightnings, terrible thunderings, and amazing concussions and bellowings of the earth, that was in an earthquake. These things were a manifest indication that some destruction was coming upon men, when the system of the world was put into this disorder; and any one would guess that these wonders foreshowed some grand calamities that were coming” (“Wars of the Jews” 4:4:5)
John's Revelation - "Now the great city was divided into three parts, and the cities of the nations fell. And great Babylon was remembered before God, to give her the cup of the wine of the fierceness of His wrath.” (16:19)

Josephus - “it so happened that the sedition at Jerusalem was revived, and parted into three factions, and that one faction fought against the other; which partition in such evil cases may be said to be a good thing, and the effect of divine justice.” (5:1:1)

John's Revelation - “And great hail from heaven fell upon men, each hailstone about the weight of a talent.” (16:21)

Josephus -  “Now the stones that were cast were of the weight of a talent, and were carried two furlongs and further. The blow they gave was no way to be sustained, not only by those that stood first in the way, but by those that were beyond them for a great space. As for the Jews, they at first watched the coming of the stone, for it was of a white color, and could therefore not only be perceived by the great noise it made, but could be seen also before it came by its brightness;” (5:6:3)

Rare David Chilton Lecture Series “The Days of Vengeance”

David Chilton
M.Div. PhD.


  • David Chilton: Rare David Chilton Lecture Series “The Days of Vengeance” The Days of Vengeance is an extraordinary exposition of the book of Revelation and has undoubtedly been welcomed as a cool drenching rain upon a dry, thirsty ground. Long parched and impoverished by speculative spectacularization, the evangelical scholastic wilderness can do naught but soak in Chilton’s careful and literate commentary.  The Days of Vengeance is phenomenal. It is big (nearly 750 pages big, going where no commentary has dared to go before). It is brash (marshalling mountains of long forgotten evidence to the cause). It is a brazen bravura, a delight, a tour de force.

The Syriac Version of the Apocalypse

Murdock Syriac (5th Century)

"The Revelation, which was made by God to John the Evangelist, in the island of Patmos, to which he was banished by Nero the Emperor."

Etheridge Syriac (5th Century)



  • Gordon Graham - New Heavens and a New Earth: Book Review "The coming of Christ in His kingdom and power and glory is not one instantaneous act or event. It is a long-continuing process comprehensive of His entire work both of redemption and of judgment. He comes in the power of his Spirit to convict the world respecting sin and righteousness and judgment (John xvi, 8); He comes in like manner to forgive the sins of the penitent and to lead the disciple into all the truth; He comes and is present wherever two or three are gathered together in His name. He has been coming through all the Christian centuries to receive unto Himself the faithful souls who have looked for His heavenly appearing and glory (John xiv, 3; xvii, 22–24). As truly as Jehovah came of old in the clouds of heaven to execute judgment on the Egyptians (lsa. xix, 1), so did the Son of man come in the clouds and with the angels of His power to execute judgment on the great city that was guilty of His blood and drunken with the blood of His saints and martyrs. He sitteth at the right hand of Power and sendeth forth continually His innumerable company of angels to minister for them that shall inherit salvation. Such triumphal administration of judgment, mercy, and truth has been, is now, and shall for ages be the work of His Messianic reign. And in full accord with these revelations of His power and glory we cry out with the Hebrew psalmist:

    The Lord cometh, He cometh to judge the earth:
    He shall judge the world with righteousness,
    And peoples with His truth.

    And we also respond with the Christian apocalyptist: Amen: come, Lord


  • Gerry Watts (Bristol, England) The Great Prophetic Plan Revealed - "All articles written before October 2012 generally reflect the traditional Partial-Preterist view on Eschatology, while those written since October 2012 reflect what I would call the Consistent Premillennial Preterist view"


Earlier updates at


Idealist library from AD79 Discovered in Herculaneum - "Vergil had learned from Philodemus. The latter has been cited on both sides of the controversy; indeed, On Piety cols. viii-xiii has been one of the main supports of the idealist interpretation."



Unlocking the Scrolls of Herculaneum via Roger Pearse - "On the eve of the catastrophe in 79 AD, Herculaneum was a chic resort town on the Bay of Naples, where many of Rome's top families went to rest and recuperate during the hot Italian summers. It was also a place where Rome's richest engaged in a bit of cultural one-upmanship - none more so than Lucius Calpurnius Piso Caesoninus, a politician and father-in-law of Julius Caesar.  Piso's grand villa, which has come to be known as the Villa of the Papyri, also contains the only library to have survived from the classical world. It is a relatively small collection, some 2,000 scrolls, which the  eruption nearly destroyed and yet preserved at the same time."


"But many of the texts that have emerged so far are written by a follower of Epicurus, the philosopher and poet Philodemus of Gadara (c.110-c.40/35BC). In fact, so many of his works are present, and in duplicate copies, that David Sider, a classics professor at New York University, believes that what has been found so far was in fact Philodemus's own working library. Piso was Philodemus's patron."

Philodemus "The works of Philodemus so far discovered include writings on ethics, theology, rhetoric, music, poetry, and the history of various philosophical schools."


On Piety (PHerc. 1428) |
On the Gods (PHerc. 26)
On the Way of Life of the Gods (PHerc. 152, 157)

Vergil, Philodemus, and the Augustans "Whether (Epicurus's) "idealist" interpretation or a "realist" one is correct, it is clear that the gods of the Aeneid are not those of Epicurus: they are neither imaginary models of the good life for human beings, nor real biological entities living outside our world and free from concern for it. This does not mean that Vergil's account of them may not contain significant references to Epicurean doctrines; but before we can identify such references, we need to determine which version of Epicurean theology Vergil had learned from Philodemus. The latter has been cited on both sides of the controversy; indeed, On Piety cols. viii-xiii has been one of the main supports of the idealist interpretation."

  • Ariel Sharon Antichrist at the End Times News Review - "The reason I had Googled his name in the first place was because I had been reading the scriptures concerning the "Abomination of Desolation" in Revelation 13, and 17, and also in Daniel chapter 9."

  • Donald Perry: The Millennium of TransmillennialismTM   (2013) "But is this conclusion necessary, or how could putting all these things on a chronological timeline lead to these conclusions? If Christ has come the “second time” in AD 70 and not ideologically, and the church accomplished atonement because Christ could not do it in AD 33 then one must admit that a logical conclusion is that the church is Christ. And if the church accomplished atonement then man is saved by his own works rather than trusting in Christ having provided atonement for you. And if you are saved by your own works you will be judged by your own works in Revelation 20."

Updated Links Using


  • Brandon Ambrosino: The Duck Dynasty fiasco says more about our bigotry than phils "GK Chesterton said that bigotry is “an incapacity to conceive seriously the alternative to a proposition.” If he is right—and he usually is—then I wonder if the Duck Dynasty fiasco says more about our bigotry than Phil’s."

Time: "He was a man of colossal genius."


For the White Horse knew England When there was none to know; He saw the first oar break or bend, He saw heaven fall and the world end, O God, how long ago.

For the end of the world was long ago,
And all we dwell to-day
As children of some second birth,
Like a strange people left on earth
After a judgment day.

For the end of the world was long ago,
When the ends of the world waxed free,
When Rome was sunk in a waste of slaves,
And the sun drowned in the sea.

When Caesar's sun fell out of the sky
And whoso hearkened right
Could only hear the plunging
Of the nations in the night.


WIKI "Chesterton, as a political thinker, cast aspersions on both Progressivism and Conservatism, saying, "The whole modern world has divided itself into Conservatives and Progressives. The business of Progressives is to go on making mistakes. The business of the Conservatives is to prevent the mistakes from being corrected." / "Whenever possible Chesterton made his points with popular sayings, proverbs, allegories—first carefully turning them inside out."

Thomas Lucas Scott (1747-1821) on Preterist Idealism

The Praeterists—who think that the events with which the visions were concerned are altogether fulfilled, having taken place in the first centuries of Church history—are very numerous. And at present one section of the School—those who think that the book is concerned almost entirely with contemporaneous history—is very vigorously supported by Archdeacon Farrar. He thinks that the crash, and the coming of the Lord, to which the visions all point, refer to the Lord's coming at the destruction of Jerusalem, and the breaking up of the entire Jewish polity. Others of this School allow a more extended scope for the visions, and refer the predicted crash to the breaking down of heathenism before Christianity, or to the breaking up of the Roman empire. But many of the most thoughtful of the Praeterists admit (or strongly advocate) that the visions and these events have lessons for all ages, and look forward as well as back. Thus there are commentators—such as Isaac Williams, Maurice, Hengstenberg, Bossuet, Vaughan, and others—who may be classed among the interpreters of both the Spiritual and Praeterist Schools; and all of the Spiritual School can recognize in the events to which both the Historic and Prasterist Schools point, illustrations of the principles which we think the Apostle depicted in these visions.


  • Israel Antiquities Authority: IAA 78-1439 / "to the place of trumpeting"

“To the Place of Trumpeting”

Inscribed stone from the excavations of the southern wall of the Temple Mount

Herodian period
1st century CE

Stone (cm) L:84 ; H: 31; W 26
IAA  78-1439

This incised stone block is one of the most fascinating remains of Herod's Temple. It apparently fell from the southwest corner of the Temple Mount to the street below, where it was discovered by excavators. The Jewish chronicler Josephus Flavius records that this corner was "the point where it was custom for one of the priests to stand and to give notice, by sound of trumpet, in the afternoon of the approach, and on the following evening of the close, of every seventh day" (The Jewish War, IV, ix, 12).

The monumental inscription -- "to the place of trumpeting" --  and the shape of the stone suggest that this find was once part of a parapet that ran along the wall of the Temple complex, indicating where the priests should stand to blow the trumpets. Their blasts could presumably be heard throughout Jerusalem -- in the City of David to the south and in Upper City to the west.

The third word of  the Hebrew inscription is cut off and can be interpreted in one of two ways: "to declare [the Sabbath]" or "to distinguish [between the sacred and the profane]."

Ossuary of the High Priest Joseph Caiaphas
North Talpiot, Jerusalem, Israel (


  • Shout-out to Ivan Leibbrandt of Denali Bible Chapel (Fairbanks, AK) for a top-notch presentation of prophecy and fulfillment in Jesus Christ. Audio to be posted later this week here:



  • Oxford University Presents the 550-Year-Old Gutenberg Bible in Spectacular, High-Res Detail

  • The Expositor, Series 1, Volumes 1-12  The first series of the periodical The Expositor, which featured articles by some of the leading scholars of its day is now available on-line here. The series, which contains around 425 articles is the first part of a project to which should see the first 8 series being made freely available for the first time. (Lots of material by F.W. Farrar)
  • Septuaginta-Unternehmen From The International Organization for Septuagint and Cognate Studies (IOSCS): The Göttingen Septuaginta-Unternehmen, home of the Göttingen editions of the Septuagint, has announced two initiatives of interest to those dealing with textual criticism of the Septuagint. Free PDF scan of the first four English volumes are on the website.


  • Marcus Aurelius "Meditations" (AD167) Stoic Philosophy useful to measured Christians: "From my grandfather Verus I learned good morals and the government of my temper... From my brother Severus, to love my kin, and to love truth, and to love justice; and through him I learned to know Thrasea, Helvidius, Cato, Dion, Brutus; and from him I received the idea of a polity in which there is the same law for all, a polity administered with regard to equal rights and equal freedom of speech, and the idea of a kingly government which respects most of all the freedom of the governed" (Facebook-related)




  • Kurt Simmons: The Dead Sea Scrolls and Preterism (2013)

  • Samuel Clough: Why Partial Preterism Leads to a Full Heresy (2013) "Partial preterism, if applied consistently to Matthew 24, will result in full preterism which the church has long defined as a heretical view. This is not simply a matter of getting the interpretation of a biblical passage correct, which is important in and of itself, it is also critical for the future of the church. A preterist view of Matthew 24 actually positions the church for failure primarily on two devastating issues."




  • Seeking applications for the "Curator" position at the Archive.  I'm finally yielding to the crush of business, and wish to retire to an executive position at for "a little while".


  • Happy 17th Year!





Rabbi Nathan
Abot de Rabbi Nathan

The Fathers According to Rabbi Nathan


 Reputed to date to 1st C in sections:

"But once the Temple was destroyed, blessing left the world, as Scripture says: "Take heed lest your heart be deceived, and you turn aside and serve other gods and worship them, and the anger of the Lord be kindled against you and he shut up the heavens so that there be no good land which the Lord gives you. (Dt. 11:16-17)" (The Fathers According to Rabbi Nathan, p. 57)

"Version A sets the scene with : "Now, when Vespasian came to destroy Jerusalem..." (p. 22; G 35); this is a more general statement of his hostile intentions and could mean that Vespasian had not yet actually besieged Jerusalem (the situation in Spring 68). In all of this we must remember that the Rabbis did not carefully record dates or distinguish various campaigns and strategies; they concentrated on the central fact that Vespasian/Titus destroyed the Temple and the city." (The Fathers According to Rabbi Nathan, p. 61)


  • John Chrysostom (347-407) Homily after the Earthquake "The city [is] on the earth, the wrath is inevitable. We have need of nothing but repentance, tears and lamentations, and all things were dissolved. God appeared, and we dissolved his wrath. One would not err should he call you the caretakers and saviors of the city. Where are the rulers? Where are the great saviors? Of the city you are the truly the towers, the wall, and its security. For they,[18] on the one hand, through their own wickedness allowed the city to rot, but you, through your own virtue, made the city firm. And if someone should be asked why the city was shaken, even if he wouldn’t say [it], it has been agreed[19] that it was because of sins, because of acts of greed, because of injustices, because of acts of lawlessness, because of acts of arrogance, because of pleasures, because of deceit. Whose? The rich. Again, if someone should be asked why the city was made firm, it is agreed that it is because of the singing of psalms, because of the prayers, because of the vigils. Whose are these? The poor’s.  The reasons that shook the city belong to them,[20] while the reasons that made the city firm are yours – and so you became the saviors and the caretakers. But let us end the sermon here, remaining in our vigils, our singing of psalms, sending glory up to the Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit, now and always, and into eternity.[21] Amen." // CPG 4366, De terrae motu. BHGn 1700y.  This translation was commissioned by Roger Pearse and translated from the text printed in the Patrologia Graeca, vol. 50, cols. 713-716.  The translation has been placed in the public domain.  The work perhaps refers to the earthquake of 398 AD.  The question of its authenticity is discussed by Wendy Mayer, The Homilies of St. John Chrysostom – Provenance: Reshaping the foundations, 2005, p.27, 126, and answered in the affirmative.

  • Brian King (1999) The Presence of Eschatology and Apocalypticism in the Teaching of Jesus Christ "John J. Collins defines apocalyptic as a "genre of revelatory literature with a narrative framework in which a revelation is mediated by an otherworldly being to a human recipient, disclosing a transcendent reality which is both temporal, insofar as it emerges eschatological salvation, and spatial insofar as it involves another, supernatural world". In his article, William Kinsley notes that "Apocalyptic texts usually proceed by means of a series of visions which foretell God’s destruction of social, political, and cosmic order as we know it, the punishment of the wicked, and the inauguration of a holy kingdom ruled by the righteous or directly by God himself". Apocalyptic eschatology functioned on the notion that the "world appeared to have become so irredeemable evil that only through a cataclysmic intervention and the destruction of the old world could a new and ideal society and environment be created"."


  • Eusebius of Caesarea: Demonstratio Evangelica (312) Added PDF files of English and Latin versions. "The Holy Scriptures foretell that there will be unmistakable signs of the Coming of Christ.  Now there were among the Hebrews three outstanding offices of dignity, which made the nation famous, firstly the kingship, secondly that of prophet, and lastly the high priesthood. The prophecies said that the abolition and complete destruction of all these three together would be the sign of the (b) presence of the Christ. And that the proofs that the times had come, would lie in the ceasing of the Mosaic worship, the desolation of Jerusalem and its Temple, and the subjection of the whole Jewish race to its enemies.  The holy oracles foretold that all these changes, which had (c) not been made in the days of the prophets of old, would take place at the coming of the Christ, which I will presently shew to have been fulfilled as never before in accordance with the predictions."

  • The Jewish Revolt Against Rome: An Interdisciplinary Study (2011) Added PDF file of first 50 pages. The Jewish revolt against Rome in the first century C.E. provides ancient historians the opportunity to study one of the best-documented provincial revolts in the early Roman Empire. This volume brings together different disciplines, some for the first time. The contributors draw from a wide range of literary, archaeological, documentary, epigraphic and numismatic sources. The focus is on historiographical and methodological reflections on our sources, their nature and the sort of historical questions they allow us to answer. This volume combines fields of research that should not be pursued in isolation from each other if we wish to further our understanding of the Jewish revolt s historical context.


  • Philip Mauro's Conversion from Dispensationalism to Preterism (1919-1921) (From Champion of the Kingdom):

    The fact is that the Lord led him step by step out of his “confusion and mystification regarding the whole subject of the Kingdom.” As the light of the day appears only gradually, so, in his soul, the full light slowly became brighter. Truths which at first seemed hazy and vague later were clear and definite.

    When Philip Mauro turns to the second part of his treatise, “The Lord’s Prophecy on Mount Olivet,” he makes a statement of paramount importance:

    “Obviously we cannot with profit enter upon the study of unfulfilled prophecy until we have settled our minds as to the predicted things which have already come to pass.”

    This statement is made in connection with his remarks in “The Importance of the Destruction of Jerusalem.”

    “It is greatly to be regretted,” observed Philip Mauro,” that those who, in our day, give themselves to the study and exposition of prophecy, seem not to be aware of the immense significance of the destruction of Jerusalem in A.D. 70, which was accompanied by the extinction of Jewish national existence, and the dispersion of the Jewish people among all the nations. The failure to recognize the significance of that event, and the vast amount of prophecy which it fulfilled, has been the cause of great confusion, for the necessary consequence of missing the past fulfillment of predicted events is to leave on our hands a mass of prophecies for which we must needs contrive fulfillments in the future. The harmful results are two-fold; for first, we are thus deprived of the evidential value, and the support to the faith, of those remarkable fulfillments of prophecy which are so clearly presented to us in authentic contemporary histories; and second, our vision of things to come is greatly obscured and confused by the transference to the future of predicted events which, in fact, have already happened, and whereof complete records have been preserved for our information.”

    Of very great value and illumination is the sentence-by-sentence comparison, printed in parallel columns, of “Christ’s Olivet Discourse” as recorded in the three synoptic Gospels. Certainly the author has made an exceedingly strong case for his final paragraph:

    “Finally, in bringing these studies to a close, we would say again that we do not in the least question there will be much “tribulation” for mankind, and many “distresses” and “woes,” in the end-time of this present age, to be followed by outpouring of the vials in which is “filled up the wrath of God” (Rev. 15:1). All we assert is that, regardless of the nature and severity of the afflictions which are yet to come, that particular “tribulation” whereof the Lord spake as the “great tribulation,” and as “the days of vengeance” (Mat. 24:21; Lu. 21:22) was the execution of divine judgment upon Daniel’s people and his holy city, for which God used the Roman armies under Titus in A.D. 70.”

  • Paul Julius Alexander (1985) The Byzantine Apocalyptic Tradition // "Wherever the circumstances of the Last Roman Emperor's death are mentioned, they follow directly upon his surrender of imperial power to God at Jerusalem. This act in turn is invariably related to his victory over the infidels and thus expresses the notion that by it the Last Roman Emperor has discharged the function assigned to him by God" // Full book online

  • John Yonge Akerman (1824) A Descriptive Catalogue of Rare and Unedited Roman Coins: From the Flavian Family // TITUS - 17 AU: PONTIF. TR. P. COS. IIII. Victory, between two serpents.

  • Giovanni Antonio Braus (1824) Jerusalem Destroyed, a song... // Latin - Hierosolymae excidium, carmen ..
  • Ami Bost (Geneva; 1813) Theological theses of Christ's prophecies about the destruction of Jerusalem // Latin - Theses theologicae de Christi vaticiniis erga Hierosolymae excidium
  • Charles Maitland (1845) The Apostles' School of Prophetic Interpretation: with Its History Down to the Present Time , p. 445:

    Sect. IV. —The Praeterist Theories.

    When a man starts with the assertion that these prophecies were fulfilled in the first ages of Christianity, he is met by this difficulty: that the prophecies were not found sufficiently plain to enable the Church to recognise their fulfilment until some fifteen centuries afterwards. But where lies the fault? in the obscurity of the predictions, or in the dulness of the Church? It is the business of the Praeterist to vindicate the Scripture, and to leave the entire blame with the Church. He is bound to point out in history some fulfilment, so obvious as to show that the believers of that age might fairly have suspected it to be a fulfilment. But, far from this, scarcely two Praterists have as yet agreed about even the outline of their supposed fulfilments.

    Though Alcassar was the first to apply the Praeterist principle to the Apocalypse, the rest of the prophecies had been so treated one hundred years before. 
  • Eschatology Roundtable on Hyper-Preterism - Ken Gentry and Kenneth Talbot speak and discuss the heresy known as hyper-preterism. A little old now due to Sam Frost's departure from Full Preterism, but still an interesting listen.

  • BAR - Arch of Titus and Colosseum Detail Destruction of Jerusalem Temple "As demonstrated in a BAR article by Louis H. Feldman, a hidden inscription on the Colosseum itself suggests that the construction of the amphitheater was financed by the plundered booty from the Jewish Revolt. b Vespasian faced a serious deficit when he became emperor, but the spoils of war from Judea—the riches of the Temple treasury, the golden vessels from the Temple, the seized personal treasures of Jewish citizens and the sale of the Jewish captives themselves—provided enormous wealth for the emperor and the plundering army commanded by his son Titus. Thus did the conquest of Judea fund the most recognizable structure of imperial Rome."

  • Arch of Titus and Colosseum Detail Destruction of Jerusalem Temple // Ancient Rome was the superpower of its day. Yet, when the Romans conquered the tiny province of Judea and quashed the First Jewish Revolt in 70 C.E., it was actually a pretty big deal.



No Stone Upon Another: Studies in the Significance of the Fall of Jerusalem in the Synoptic Gospels

Lloyd Gaston


Gabriel Stone

Second Temple "Gabriel Stone"

Heaven and Earth Shaking Passage 24-25


12. [ ] .. from my house Israel and I will talk about the greatness of
13. [Thus] said the Lord, God of Israel, now all the nations
14. … enc[amp] on Jerusalem and from it are exi[led]
15. one two three forty Prophets and the elders
16. and the Hasidim. My servant David, ask of Ephraim
17. [that he] place the sign; (this) I ask of you. For thus said
18. the Lord of Hosts, the God of Israel, my gardens are ripe,
19. My holy thing for Israel. By three days you shall know, for thus said
20. the Lord of Hosts, the God of Israel, the evil has been broken
21. before righteousness.

Lines 19-21: "Leshloshet yamin tayda ki-nishbar hara melifnay hatzedek" ("In three days you will know that evil will be defeated by justice")

24. his seat. In a little while, I will shake
25. .. the heavens and the earth.

Line 57: "dam tvuhey yerushalayim" ("the blood of the slain of Jerusalem").


"The topic entails another mode of interpreting Luke's Gospel, complementing other accepted modes (apologetic, pastoral-horatory, doctrinal) and aptly describing described as "historical-typological." This further mode is grounded in the preface to Luke's presentation of his gospel as kind of history. It respects the narrative progression of Luke's Gospel including some attention to the way in which he conditions his typed audience to reflect upon and personally to apply the intended lesson. The fate of Jerusalem is brought about by two major facts. First, the people are insensitive to the terms for peace. Although they are ostensibly favorable to Jesus' teaching (as "Impressed unbelievers have been hitherto, and are warned rather than condemned, they will, as a matter of historical reality, perish for the more serious sins of others. Second, the rulers of the people (the Romans not excepted, but not considered as primarily responsible) have committed injustice and thus bring about the ruin of the people. The fate of Jerusalem, however, is not ultimately weighed as an event in itself - it is a sign for others, and is expressly related to time for (judgment of) nations.

All this proves to be relevant, parabolically, to Luke's readership, a man of affluence and influence, educated, who is expected to perceive in "a history" what should be done and what should be avoided, to discern models of good and of evil, with their consequences for society as he knows it. In effect, Luke's lesson apropos of his account of Jerusalem's destruction is to be construed as a question prompted in the typed reader's mind: If this is what happened to Jerusalem because of the way Jesus and those who represent him, his disciples, were treated, what will happen to my city/nation/society if he (and his followers, who stand for him) are treated similarly? What am I, as a respected man with some influence, expected to do?" (viii)


Foto de la librería


DAN. IX. ver. 20. to the end, usually called,



See Also David Chilton, Hugo Grotius, Thomas Hayne, Benjamin Marshall, Origen, Gregory Sharpe, Herbert Thorndike // Daniel's Seventy Weeks Study Archive


"..Bishop of Dromore, to whom at his request I had sent an extra of the eight last verses of the Ninth chapter of Daniel, from the ancient version of the Seventy, lately discovered and published at Rome, most obligingly returned his acknowledgments with the following ingenious remarks.

"The numbers which in this version are found different from those in the common text he thinks, "may be thus accounted for. "Seventy weeks add seven weeks are 539 years. Now "Cyrus's decree according to all the Chronologers was issued 536 years before Christ; and if we reckon by hebdomads of years, we cannot come nearer to Christ's birth. Add to the sixty two years (mentioned ver. 26 and 27. in this Greek version) the surplus of three "years in the period of seventy seven weeks; and you "have the year LXV after Christ, the year immediately preceding the Jewish war.

This too is called "Christ's coming, Matt. xvi. 28. xxiv. 3. &c. ( Thus the period of weeks refers to the birth of Christ "with a sufficient exactness for prophetical language; "and that of years marks his coming in another sense "with historical precision" Thus the year of our Lord LXX, "when the city was destroyed, and the sacrifice ceased, "was the middle year of the week."


Origen: "The weeks of years, also, which the prophet Daniel had predicted, extending to the leadership of Christ, have been fulfilled" (Principles, 4:1:5).

F.F. Bruce on Hebrews 9:11 - But now Christ has appeared as high priest of the good things which have come to pass // "The majority reading is "the good things that are to come", but the weight of the evidence favors "the good things that have come" (so P.46 B D* 1611 1739 2005 with the Syriac versions, Chrysostom, and Cyril of Jerusalem). "But now the time of reformation has arrived; what used to be "the good things to come" are now "the good things that have come" (RSV), "the good things already in being" (NEB). "For Christ has appeared, and in him the shadows have given way to the perfect and abiding reality. And his appearance is properly announced with a triumphant trumpet-flourish; his entrance into the presence of God is not a day of soul-affliction and fast, like the Day of Atonement under the old legislation, but a day of gladness and son, the day when Christians celebrate the accession of their Priest-King. "The combination of the oldest Greek and Latin with the Syriac evidence is in itself almost irresistible" in support of genomenon rather than mellonton (G. Zuntz, the Text of the Epistles [London, 1953, p. 119); the reading mellonton is probably due to the influence of 10:1. See p. 235." (The Epistle to the Hebrews, p. 211)



Added to Hug: "Interpreters have been less fortunate in regard to the Apocalypse than in regard to any other book of the New Testament; a proof that soon after the downfall of the Jewish state, familiar acquaintance with the cast of thought and peculiar views of this nation was lost, and even Asiatics no longer understood Jewish diction and Palestinian imagery. We may imagine, then, what has been the case in later days. At one time Antichrist and the end of the world were seen in it; at another the history of the church represented in visions. Then it comprised the history of the world, of the Saracens, Huns, Turks, &c Then the Pope had his turn, the corruption of the clergy, next the Romish church and the Reformation, and many other things not a whit better chosen.

Among modern writers, Bossuet trod a more judicious path. The Apocalypse appeared to him to refer to the conquest of Rome and the dismemberment of the empire, events which occurred through the agency of Alaric, king of the Goths. The contents of the book extend to this period, he thinks, and show the judgments of God upon the idolatrous state which had so often oppressed Christianity. The latter is now avenged and triumphs over all persecution. Other preceding circumstances, which are included and treated at still greater length, are, the fortunes of Christianity under the Caesars, their persecutions of it, particularly that of Diocletian, the momentary quiet which it enjoyed under Constantine, and then the oppressions of Julian, by which the divine chastisement was hastened.

Such, in Bossuet's opinion, are the contents of the Revelation ; and he was afterwards followed by Calmet. Wetstein thought differently, and imagined that it related, in particular, to the destruction of Jerusalem, the fate of Judaism connected therewith, and the ascendancy of Christianity. He was followed by Herder, who is very happy in some of his details.

Long before, however, Hugo Grotius, a man of extremely nice discernment, had penetrated further into its purport than any of the writers who have been mentioned.  A still more thorough insight into the mysteries of this book was obtained by John Simon Herrenschneider, Professor at Strasburg ; and he has exhibited it in a small but comprehensive treatise. He shows that the two cities Rome and Jerusalem, the fortunes of which constitute the greater portion of the Apocalypse, are only symbols of two religions, the downfall of which is predicted; and that the third, which appears at the close, (he heavenly Jerusalem, denotes the reign of the blessed. Commencing at these starting points, a celebrated scholar has discussed the Apocalypse very thoroughly, and his work is at present the principal one on this subject.



  • R.A. Torrey - "Does any one believe for a moment that there are 285 places that indicate that Jesus would return during the lifetime of their generation?" (Will Christ Come Again?: An Exposure of the Foolishness, Fallacies, and Falsehoods of Shailer Mathews, p.11)

  • Philip Mauro (1917) Dr. Shailer Mathews on Christ's Return: An Examination of His Pamphlet "Will Christ Come Again?" // (1918): "After This": Or, the Church, the Kingdom, and the Glory // (1919) The House of God // New Early Mauro Books

  • FREE ONLINE BOOKS - John Calvin: Harmony on the Evangelists (1555) - Added PDF Files of Pringle's 1845 Edition
  • N.T. Wright: Jerusalem in the New Testament (1994 PDF) "Paul here reflects the early Christian tradition, going back to Jesus himself, according to which Jerusalem was to be destroyed, and according to which that destruction was to be interpreted as the wrath of God against his sinful people. In the same Thessalonian correspondence, Paul asserted that the wrath of God had indeed come upon them ‘to the uttermost’ (1 Thess.2:16.) It is this awareness of an imminent end to the way the Jewish world had looked for so long, rather than an imminent end to the space-time universe, that drove Paul on his mission with such urgency. From his own point of view he lived in an odd interim period: judgment had been passed on Jerusalem, but not yet executed. There was a breathing space, a ‘little time’ in which people could repent, and in which the message of Jesus could spread to Gentiles as well as Jews (though it always remained, for Paul, ‘to the Jew first’). When Jerusalem fell, Jews on the one hand would undoubtedly blame those who had reneged on their Jewish responsibilities, including those Jewish Christians who, like Paul, had been enjoying fellowship with pagans and regarding it as the Kingdom of God and the true expression of the covenant God made with Abraham." (JERUSALEM IN THE NEW TESTAMENT; Originally published in Jerusalem Past and Present in the Purposes of God. P. W. L. Walker, ed., pp. 53–77. (2nd edn. 1994.) Carlisle: Paternoster. Grand Rapids: Baker, p 11)


  • The Prophecy of the Destruction of the Temple (La prédication de la ruine du Temple) (1886) James Tissot (French, 1836-1902). The Prophecy of the Destruction of the Temple (La prédication de la ruine du Temple), 1886-1894. Opaque watercolor over graphite on gray wove paper, Image: 7 1/8 x 11 1/16 in. (18.1 x 28.1 cm). Brooklyn Museum

  • A Comprehensive Study of The Book of Revelation (2003 Audio) The Book of Revelation is one of the most controversial and difficult books of the Bible. Its rich and dramatic apocalyptic language continues to be the subject of widely divergent interpretations. In this series, originally done in 2003, Rev. Charles H Roberts, Th.M. D.Min., takes the listener through a verse by verse study to prove that the events described in this much misunderstood book are in our past, having been fulfilled in the destruction of the Temple of Jerusalem in AD 70.


The Lord the Spirit

By "W.P.G."

Showing the Error of expecting any Second Personal
Coming of Christ.

Shewing how these things can be in the Testimony of
Jesus the Spirit of Prophecy.




"We must distinguish between the Lord's coming as the Lord the Spirit, which is an eternal truth or fact, and the merely parabolic form of speech “coming to destroy Jerusalem," as though He came in a personal or outward form and manner. His coming meant His revelation of Himself, that is, of the divine truths of His word, to man and in man. For His words do not pass away (Matt. xxiv., 35) as wind, but remain as envelopes of truths, and these truths as envelopes of Himself. Such a revelation of Himself He gave to His Apostles, by which they were enabled to declare the whole truth or counsel of God. This is a coming or revelation of Himself which has no end or terminus, for it is spiritual or His Spirit, which has nothing to do with the natural idea of an end or terminus, an idea belonging to nature, space, and time. This coming, therefore, must not be regarded as ending with the abrogation of the law or the fall of Jerusalem, but as revealed the more clearly by the dispersion of that dark cloud which had served to conceal the brightness of the sun of righteousness. This coming in power and great glory is not to be confounded with the miraculous manifestations which attended it."

References Authors:
P.S. Desprez | Samuel Lee | Robert Stark "of Tourqay" | Robert Townley | W.J.P. Wilkinson



  • 1844: The Biblical Inquirer (PDF) Stark's Diagram

  • Gary DeMar: "Is the Olivet Discourse Future for us or Fulfilled for us? I've debated this topic a lot over the years. But I have to say that my comments at the Reno Symposium with Dr. James Hamilton, Associate Professor of Biblical Theology at The Southern Baptist Theological Seminary and author of "Revelation: The Spirit Speaks to the Churches," was the best since you see, probably for the first time, a public display of the contrast. Here's a link to the Symposium and all the good stuff you'll get:





  • EU backs third temple on Jerusalem's Holiest Site, Jewish Extremists Claim "An EU representative in Jerusalem said that he was aware that religious groups were seizing upon her words and “interpreting them to suit their political needs” He said: “We see this as a sign of how contentious and possibly explosive this issue is. I would go so far as to say that there is no issue with more potential to set the region alight than what happens in that one square kilometer of land.” he said."

“You cannot go against the truth. And the truth is that from here the third temple will rise. That is why God has allowed the Jewish people to return as a nation to this place,” said Rabbi Yisrael Ariel, founder of The Temple Institute.


William Wotton (1666–1727) says of Josephus, “He is certainly an author very justly to be valued, notwithstanding all his faults. His history of the Jewish war is a noble demonstration of the truth of the Christian religion: by showing, in the most lively manner, how the prophecies of our blessed Lord, concerning the destruction of Jerusalem, were literally fulfilled in their fullest extent.”


  • Gary DeMar: Flavius Josephus and Preterism "While the Bible is the best interpreter of itself, it helps to have non-biblical historical sources from the same time period to help flesh out details not found in Scripture and to support what is found in the biblical text. The writings of Josephus are some of those historical works. We would be foolish to ignore them."


  • Former Full Preterists : Jason Bradfield: The Subtlety of Heresy "Slow. Down.   Take EVERY step through every door with deep thought and counsel from Godly, biblically-ordained elders/pastors who are committed to Reformed Confessionalism. Stay away from the fads of neo-calvinists. Do not think that your zeal against one heresy makes you immune to other heresies.  And consider that one day, you will give an account for every careless word you speak. You are not beyond committing such things and your words are more influential than you think."

  • BBC Drops Documentary on Post-AD70 Exile "According to publicity material for the film, it “looks at new evidence that suggests the majority of the Jewish people may not have been exiled following the fall of Jerusalem in 70 AD. Travelling from Galilee to Jerusalem and the catacombs of Rome, the film asks us to rethink our ideas about an event that has played a critical role in the Christian and Jewish traditions.”


  • Book Review - The-Liar's Gospel : A Novel I had a difficult time deciding what, exactly, the author was trying to accomplish here. At first, I sensed that she was trying to put the life of the man who would eventually be crucified by Pilate into an historically valid context. The story is told from the point of view of several characters: Miryam, the mother of Yehoshuah; Iehuda, the disciple who would betray him to the High Priest; Caiaphas, the High Priest; and Bar-Avo – or Barabbas – the leader of a group of terrorists whose object was to bring down the empire that had taken away the freedom of Judaea.



  • Rare Second Temple Bath Discovered in Jerusalem “The complex that was exposed at this time is a more sophisticated and intricate system...apparently associated with a settlement that was situated there in the Second Temple period."

  • Ancient structure under Sea of Galilee It appears to be a giant cairn, rocks piled on top of each other. Structures like this are known from elsewhere in the world and are sometimes used to mark burials. Researchers do not know if the newly discovered structure was used for this purpose.

Researcher Yitzhak Paz, of the Israel Antiquities Authority and Ben-Gurion University, believes it could date back more than 4,000 years. "The more logical possibility is that it belongs to the third millennium B.C., because there are other megalithic phenomena [from that time] that are found close by," Paz told LiveScience in an interview, noting that those sites are associated with fortified settlements. 


  • Peter Pike: Thoughts on my partial preterism "In fact, the “there are some standing here who will not taste death” seems to indicate that Christ is referring to something that is more than just a few years away in time, yet still within the regular life span of a human being. The “some” seems to indicate that the elderly people in attendance would not witness it, yet the young would. If Jesus was preaching around 30 AD then the fall of Jerusalem in 70 AD—40 years away—would fit in with the time frame He refers to. A twenty-year-old listening to Christ talk would only be 60 by the time Jerusalem fell. On the other hand, it was quite likely that most people older than forty years would have died before that event." (Matthew 16:27-28 is not pointing to AD70 - a mistake even partial preterists make)



  • Daniel Morais: A Preterist Responds to "Four Views of the Revelation" "Over the next 1000 years, until the first Crusade, Gentile Christians had migrated into Israel until Jerusalem had become 95% Christian. Christians were an overwhelming majority during this millennium--even after the Muslim conquest. During this 1000 year period, Israel had experienced unprecedented peace--much more so than any other time period in all of Israel's history. Few people know much about events in Israel during the first thousand years of the Common Era, and there is a good reason: virtually nothing bad ever happened."


  • Guardian: One in four Americans think Obama may be the antichrist, survey says Poll asking voters about conspiracy theories reveals alarming beliefs

  • Asia Times: How Christians Lost Their Antichrist Spirit Dallas Darling is the author of Politics 501: An A-Z Reading on Conscientious Political Thought and Action, Some Nations Above God: 52 Weekly Reflections On Modern-Day Imperialism, Militarism, And Consumerism in the Context of John's Apocalyptic Vision, and The Other Side Of Christianity: Reflections on Faith, Politics, Spirituality, History, and Peace. He is a correspondent for You can read more of Dallas' writings at and



  • Papyrology: Turin shroud is "not a medieval forgery" "Scientists have never been able to explain how the image of a man's body, complete with nail wounds to his wrists and feet, pinpricks from thorns around his forehead and a spear wound to his chest, could have formed on the cloth. Mr Fanti said the imprint was caused by a blast of “exceptional radiation”, although he stopped short of describing it as a miracle. " / "The display of the shroud on a day as special as Holy Saturday means that it represents a very important testimony to the Passion and the resurrection of the Lord," he said.



  • The Rabbi and Halley's Comet "The fact is that the visits of Halley's Comet in both 164 BCE and 87 BCE were recorded on Babylonian tablets. Not everyone agrees with this interpretation of the Talmudic anecdote. Some have argued that at the only time during Rabbi Yehoshua's life that Halley's comet appeared, on January 25, 66 CE, Rabbi Gamliel was only in his twenties, and therefore he could not have had students."

  • An Analysis of the History Channel's "Bible" Miniseries


  • WH map 'erases' Jerusalem The White House has released what it says is a map of Israel. The only problem is that Jerusalem, Judea, Samaria and the Golan Heights are missing.

    An Obama administration video highlighting the president’s plans for his Mideast trip depicts Jerusalem, the Golan and the West Bank – also known as Judea and Samaria – as non-Israeli territory.


  • NY Sun - Obama in Jerusalem "Mr. Obama is facing precisely a threat of war over his trip to Jerusalem. It involves the Temple Mount. No less a terrorist organization than Hamas has warned that if Mr. Obama sets foot on the Temple Mount, it will amount to a declaration of war. No one expects Mr. Obama to take a walk on the Temple Mount. But when Ariel Sharon, shortly before becoming prime minister, took a stroll on the Temple Mount, the Arabs reacted with the five years of riots and killings of Jews that became known as the Second Intifada."


  • Dr. Steven Dilday: The Early Church Fathers and The Antichrist The Antichrist (Man of Sin) and Interpretations of the Book of Revelation (Eschatology, Prophecy) Among the Early Church Fathers by Dr. Steven Dilday (Free MP3)





Join the discussion:

  1. Thoughts For Young Men says: "Stephen, You wrote:

    “the Preterists will try to find a way to get around the fact that NO SIGNS FROM HEAVEN were seen in the generation of Jesus’ peerage”

    The destruction of Jerusalem, and specifically the temple in A.D. 70, was a *huge* sign from heaven. Jesus said the temple would be destroyed (“not one stone left on another”), and it happened, just like He said. I mean, what could have been bigger than that?" (March 6, 2013 at 5:59 pm )


  2. Stephen Ray Hale says:  "Except for the fact that Jesus said that in that “this generation” of his peerage, He was not going to give them ANY sign but of Jonah…which represents His death and resurrection, and that resurrection should ought to trump the destruction of the temple and Jerusalem… and THIS was the sign Jesus promised them after the question concerning a “sign from heaven,” the from heaven he denied them. BUT we do see signs from heaven, and as Jesus was THAT sign he DID deliver them concerning Himself and His resurrection in the “this generation” of His peerage, the Great I AM reveals Himself to the “this generation” of the time of His return by being the SIGN IN HEAVEN nigh to His return FROM HEAVEN in Matthew 24. The check mate is found in the fact that Jesus denies the peerage a SIGN FROM HEAVEN, and for the Preterists to search for such places them squarely against the words of scripture." (March 6, 2013 at 7:08 pm)


  • Gary DeMar - Was the Preterist Interpretation of Revelation Invented by the Jesuits? "As Frank Gumerlock and others have shown with the advent of translated works that have never been in English, there is a long history of Christians going back long before either Ribera or Alcasar who interpreted parts of Revelation in a preteristic way."

    • "Once last point about Alcasar being the founder of the preterist school of interpretation needs to be made. Frank X. Gumerlock, writing in his book Revelation and the First Century, states that “Luis Alcasar’s commentary on Revelation, published in 1614, was not the first to take a preterist approach to the main body of the Apocalypse (Chs. 6–19). [John] Henten wrote his comments almost a century before the publication of Alcasar’s commentary.”[7] In 1545, Henten made these comments on the date of Revelation: And first it seems to us that John, this apostle and evangelist who is called the Theologian, was exiled onto Patmos by Nero at the very same time in which he killed the blessed apostles of Christ Peter and Paul. . . . [and] that the Apocalypse was written on Patmos before the destruction of Jerusalem." According to Gumerlock, Henten (1499–1566), or Hentenius as he is also known, “held that Chapters 6–11 of Revelation referred to the abrogation of Judaism, and Chapters 12–19 referred to the destruction of Roman paganism.” Gumerlock, Revelation and the First Century, 42."

R.H. Charles - "Salmeron (1614) took the same view, and agreed with Hentenius that the Apocalypse was written before the fall of Jerusalem. He refused, however, to write a Commentary on the Apocalypse, and compared such an undertaking with an attempt to square the circle. But two names of great merit stand forth from the rest in this school, namely Ribeira (ob. 1591) and Alcasar (1614)." (Studies in the Apocalypse being lectures delivered before the University of London, 1913, p. 34)

Ernestine van der Wall - "The Key to the Apocalypse: The Prophecy about the Beast  The key to the Book of Revelation is to be found in the correct interpretation of the prophecy about the beast. The Holy Spirit has devoted six chapters to the origin, reign, signs and downfall of the beast.   If we can determine the true meaning of the prophecy about the seven-headed beast, we will have the key  to the most important rooms of the whole prophecy. The appearance of the beast occurs in the days of the sixth trumpet. The marks of the beast are so various and remarkable that they cannot be applied to may kingdoms in the world. The king is expressly mentioned, Rome (Rev. 17:3). There are two ways of interpreting Revelation: 1) the beast is the pagan Roman empire; 2) the beast is anti-Christianity with Rome as its head. So it is a sure hypothesis that the beast is the Roman empire with its governors, whether pagan or Christian.  There are many expositors, both Roman Catholic and Protestant, who maintain that the seven-headed beast refers to the pagan, idolatrous Roman empire.  As a prominent representative of this opinion Vitringa mentions the Spanish Jesuit Luis de Alcazar.  He then proceeds to expound Grotius' suggestion that both beasts refer to the time of Domition, its seven heads being Roman emperors before Domition.  The hypotheses of Alcazar and Grotius are in themselves not unfounded, Vitringa admits, since the pagan empire has been a cruel beast.   But is it possible to concord the marks of the beast as well as other circumstances of this prophecy with their view?   If so, the interpretation of the beast as pagan Rome, and not as Christian Rome, should be preferred.   It must be noted that Vitringa repeatedly says that he would rather side with Grotius and Bossuet than with the common Protestant interpretation." (Hugo Grotius, Teologian: Essays in Honour of G.H.M. Posthumus Meyjes, p. 212)

Thomas Kelly Cheyne - "Conspicuous above all is the Vestigatio arcani sensus in Apocalypsi of Ludovicus ab Alcazar.  That writer was the first to carry out consistently the idea that the Apocalypse in its earlier part is directed against Judaism, and in its second against Paganism, so that in chaps. 12 f. we read of the first persecution of the Christians in the Roman Empire, and in ch. 19 of the final conversion of that Empire.  He thus presents us with the first serious attempt to arrive at a historical and psychological understanding of the book.   The idea worked out by Alcazar had already been expressed by Hentenius in the preface to his edition of Arethas (Oecumenii Commentar, ed. Morelius et Hentenius 2), and by Salmeron (Opera, 12, Cologne, 1614. 'In sacram Jo. Apoc. praeludia'). " (Encyclopedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary Political and Religious History, p. 200)

Moses Stuart - "Near the commencement of the seventeenth century (1614), the Spanish Jesuit Ludovicus ab Alcasar published his Vestigatio arcani Sensus in Apocalypsi, a performance distinguished by one remarkable feature, which was then new. He declared the Apocalypse to be a continuous and connected work, making regular advancement from beginning to end, as parts of one general plan in the mind of the writer. In conformity with this he brought out a result which has been of great importance to succeeding commentators. Rev. v-vi, he thinks, applies to the Jewish enemies of the Christian Church; xi-xix to heathen Rome and carnal and worldly powers, xx-xxii to the final conquests to be made by the church, and also to its rest, and its ultimate glorification. This view of the contents of the book had been merely hinted at before, by Hentenius, in the Preface to his Latin version of Arethas, Par. 1547. 8vo; and by Salmeron in his Preludia in Apoc. But no one had ever developed this idea fully, and endeavoured to illustrate and enforce it, in such a way as Alcasar."  (Commentary on the Apocalypse, Allen, Morrill and Wardell, Andover, 1845, Volume 1, p. 464.)

  • FREE ONLINE BOOKS: R.H. Charles - Studies in the Apocalypse being lectures delivered before the University of London (1913)

  • Henry Hammond - Paraphrase and Annotations, introduction to the Apocalypse (1653) "But it pleased God otherwise to dispose of it ; for before I had read (with the design of translating only) to the end of the first verse of the book, these words, which must come to pass presently, had such an impression on my mind, offering themselves as a key to the whole prophecie, (in like manner as, this generation shall not passe till all these things be fulfilled, Matt. 24.34. have demonstrated infallibly to what coming of Christ the whole Chapter did belong) that I could not resist the force of them, but attempted presently a general survey of the whole Book, to see whether those words might not probably be extended to all the prophecies of it, and have a literal truth in them, viz., that the things foretold and represented in the ensuing vision ; were presently, speedily, to come to passe, one after another, after the writing of them. "

  • Frederic W. Farrar - "It has been usual to say that the Spanish Jesuit Alcasar.. was the founder of the Præterist School.. But to me it seems that the founder of the Præterist School is none other than St. John himself."


  • Alexander Campbell (1788-1866) Study Archive "But, to pass over the numerous predictions that respected minor matters and approaching events, we shall proceed to notice a prophecy of great utility, which respected an event about forty years distant. This prediction was designed for public conviction, and was perfectly adapted to this end. It was of that character of events which must necessarily be notorious and eminently conspicuous. Let us attend to it. "

  • Credibility of Josephus: Flavius Josephus: Reception of His Work by Jews and Christians

  • Johann Gottfried von Herder: The Spirit of Hebrew Poetry, Volume II (1833 Ed.) // Herder Books // Herder and His Times "In 1779 he published the second part of the Ballads, and his Commentary on the Revelation of St. John. It is evident at first sight that in these works he was only fulfilling schemes that had long been on his mind ; but it is significant that, amongst these six, only one is strictly theological, and this one seems to have been the cause of his final rupture with Lavater. And yet so little change of position did Herder himself see in his Maran Atha, or the Coming of the Lord, that he dated his published version 1775. The interpretation of this curious poem of the Revelation evidently caused Herder much perplexity. Guided by his infallible canon of criticism, that we must take our stand by the poet's side, and see what the world looked like to his eyes, he could not escape the conclusion that the author of the Revelation wrote for those around him, and expected the coming of Christ very soon after the destruction of Jerusalem."

  • List of Principle Commentators (Note: Those who have a Cross, † , prefixed to their Names, have been perhaps Men of Learning, but they have erred from the Faith which was once delivered to the Saints, and can therefore be consulted only as Critics, or to be refuted.)


A relief showing the Forum at Pompeii shaken by the earthquake of AD62/3.
Credit: Soprintendenza Speciale per i beni Archeologici di Napoli e Pompei


  • Maria Leppäkari - Apocalyptic Representations of Jerusalem (2006) "Jerusalem as a symbolic expression of hope attracts attention and religious adherence in relation to its physical presence. The study identifies, traces and examines apocalyptic representations of Jerusalem, and illustrates what happens when these become experienced reality. The empirical part of the book shows how these representations become living images in two contemporary groups’ activity in Jerusalem. Private and public endtime representations of Jerusalem provide meaningful models for interpreting the religious past, present and future. The interplay of these representations also shapes our present images of Jerusalem."

  • Mormonism Study Archive - Does Mormonism Teach Historical Preterism?

  • Progressive: Marty Angelo - Are We The Last Generation? (2013) "Many of my Christian preterist and futuristic friends don’t know or seem to not even care to take the time to learn where Jesus Christ resides right now. I honestly don't believe that they have a proper understanding of what exactly happened on the Day of Pentecost and in the years leading up to AD70. Jesus Christ was already alive and living within the first century believers (2 Corinthians 13:5).  The people of our generation just as in Christ's first followers need to have a chance to experience and understand the magnitude of the power of Jesus Christ in them and what responsibilities comes with that knowledge. I honestly believe that the two biggest problems with both preterism and futurism are one looks back at the past to AD70 for a second coming of Jesus while the other one looks forward to an unknown future for a second coming of Jesus while both leave out the present. "

  • Instances of the word "Armageddon" in international press

  • David Pareus (1618) "What Pareus refers to as "preterperfect" is in a modern grammar the second aorist active indicative. The "dramatic" aorist states a result "on the point of being accomplished" with the emphatic "certitude of a past event," although the aorist has "no essential temporal significance" (John Charles Hawley ; Dana and Mantey 1955: 198, 193 - A Commentary upon the Divine Revelation of the Apostle and Evangelist John (p. 342)


Hegesippus Study Archive

 €  350 / 450 

1102[Judaica] - HEGESIPPUS - De bello Iudaico, et urbis Hierosolymitanae excidio, libri quinque. Accesserunt nunc primum annotationes (...) per Cornelium Gualtherum Gandavensem. Cologne, M. Cholinus, 1559, 8vo, mod. cloth, gilt spine, sp. edges, [16]-704-[224] pp. (paper age-toned, some staining in bottom margin). Good copy. 1st ed. by the Bruges canon Cornelis Wouters (fl. 1554-1559) of an anonymous 4th-c. Latin adaptation of Flavius Josephus, longtime ascribed to the early Christian chronicler Hegesippus (110-180). Wouters and his friend G. Cassander in 1554 discovered the famous "Codex Argenteus". He dedicated the ed. to his father Jan Wouters, member of the Council of Flanders, and Lord of Vinderhoute and Merendree. He is often confused with the Louvain humanist Cornelius Valerius (1512-1578), from Oudewater. With 1 folding table. Woodcut mark on title. Monastic ownership entry on title. Libr. stamps.  Ref. VD-16 H-1256. Adams H-150. STCGerman (BL London) 387

Martin Luther Study Archive

€  1000 / 1500

1116-  LUTHER, Martin - Der Gros Catechismus vnd Kinder Lere/ (...). Fur die jungen Christen/ jnn fragestücke verfasset/ durch M. Iohan. Spangenberg (...). Wittenberg, G. Rhau, 1541, 8vo, old blindstamped calf over wood (rubbed), edges bevelled, spine on 3 raised bands (repaired), catches pres., clasps gone, [12]-258 (= 259)-[1] ff. (incl. final bl., paper age-toned, minor spotting, blank top corner of title cut off and underlaid). Good copy. 1st ed. of the High-German didactic adaptation of Luther's Catechis by the Nordhausen minister Spangerberg (1484-1550). With a Preface by Justus Jonas (1493-1555). Woodcuts : arms on title, 16 full-page and 21 half-page ills by Anton Woensam. A few old ms. notes.  Ref. Benzing 2583. VD-16 L-4354 (4). Not in Adams, BL London, Bn-Opale plus.

Hugo Grotius Study Archive

1409. [Law] - GROTIUS, Hugo - De jure belli ac pacis libri tres, in quibus Jus Naturae & Gentium, item Juris Piblici praecipua (…). Cum (…) Dissertatione de Mari libero (…). Tomus primus (- secundus) [ed. Jean Barbeyrac]. Amsterdam, Janssonio-Waesbergii, 1735, 8vo, cont. gilt vellum, gilt central coat-of-arms on covers, with double gilt ruled borders, gilt flat spine, [28]-xxxix-[5]-1040-43-[85] pp. (minor spotting). Good copy. Important ed. by J. Barbeyrac (1674-1744) of the masterpiece of H. Grotius (1583-1645). Engr. front. portrait and allegorical title (both by W. de Broen). General title in red and black. In a Rotterdam prize binding, without the prize. Ref. Ter Meulen/Diermanse 605. STCN. Spoelder i.v. Rotterdam (nr. 1).


 €  2500 / 3500
Book of the Rapture of Tundal
12th-century religious text reporting the otherworldly vision of the Irish knight Tungdalus
1015. [Cologne] - Libellus de raptu animae Tundali. [Cologne, Printer of the "Historia S. Albani", not after 1 December 1472], 4to, mod. vellum, flat spine, [19 (of 20)] ff. (1 of 2 final blanks preserved), 27 ll., capital spaces (some marg. soiling, single wormholes throughout, wormtrack in blank inner and fore-edge margin). Good rubricated copy. Editio princeps of the "Vision of Tundal", "a 12th-century religious text reporting the otherworldly vision of the Irish knight Tungdalus.

 It was the most elaborate text in the medieval genre of visionary infernal literature and had been translated from the original Latin 43 times into 15 languages by the 15th century. The Latin text was written down shortly after 1149 by Brother Marcus, an Irish itinerant monk, in the Scots Monastery, Regensburg. The story is set in Cork, Ireland in 1148. It tells of the knight falling unconscious for three days, during which time an angel guides his soul through Heaven and Hell, experiencing some of the torments of the damned. The angel then charges Tungdalus to well remember what he has seen and to report it to his fellow men. On recovering possession of his body, Tungdalus converts to a pious life. It is situated in a broad Irish tradition of phantastical tales about otherworldly voyages, as well as in a tradition of Christian afterlife visions" (Wikipedia). The date is derived from the Paris copy. BSB assigns the printing to Conrad Winters. Ref. ISTC it00496000. Goff T-496. Polain 3853. Vouilliéme 748. BNParis V-207. BSB München V-240. Not in IDL.





Dr. Gregory Sharpe
Gregory Sharpe, by Valentine Green, after Richard Crosse, published 1770 - NPG D4191 - © National Portrait Gallery, London

Chaplain to King George III

"The great day of the Lord always signifies the destruction of Jerusalem"


Matthew 24:36-51 - The Coming Of The Son Of Man in Judgment To All.

A great deal is said about types. May it not be that all the language relating to the destruction of Jerusalem was meant to be a type of the general judgment? Is there not this double meaning running through it? In the sense in which the expressions type and double meaning are commonly used by theologians, we answer, No.

We have endeavored to explain this remarkable prediction of our Saviour. We have shown how the part of it which applied to "that generation " was fulfilled, not literally perhaps in all its parts, but exactly in accordance with its spirit. And this is the way in which we are to interpret and apply, not only the highest prophecy, but the highest poetry, the profoundest inductions of philosophy, and the grandest generalizations of transcendental mathematics. The literal, precise interpretation of a single expression is often false, and false in proportion to the magnitude of the truth which soars up in its majestic proportions through such words and images as our human forms of speech and thought may furnish. Any one may see that a literal, prosaic interpretation of King Lear, or Paradise Lost, sentence by sentence, in order to show precisely what facts are proved by them, would do no sort of justice to the grander movements of soul which fill out with their inspiration every part of those wonderful works. Far more in the prophetic words of our Saviour, which so far surpass all the other words that have ever been spoken, it is the letter that killeth. No one, whether as the advocate or the enemy of our faith, can understand them, unless he enter beneath the letter into the spirit, and thus catch as he may something of the inspiration, the largeness of thought and affluence of life, which they are fitted to awaken and impart. The humble inquirer, entering thus into the heart of our Saviour's words that he may cherish their spirit and obey their commands, will come nearer to the essential truth which they are designed to teach, than the ablest scholar, who, without religious sympathies, or with a superstitious regard to the letter, seeks to analyze them by applying critically, sentence by sentence, the rules of the grammar and lexicon.


  • George Lind Johnson - "The Great Prediction, or Prophecy"  (2003, The Great Problem and Evidence for Its Solution)

  • Rev. Jim West - The Allurement of Hyper Preterism - The Rise of 'Dispensable Eschatology" "Hymenaenism is damnable heresy." // "If a church unwittingly carries Hymenn books (such as the Leonards’ The Promise of His Coming, or J. Stuart Russell’s The Parousia), these books should be torched or removed immediately."

  • Second Coming as Spiritual: G.L. White - The Parousia of Christ (1905) "Believers in the bodily return of our Lord make much of the phrase "in like manner," as it stands in both versions of Acts i. 11: "This Jesus which was received up from you into heaven shall so come in like manner as ye beheld him going into heaven." The only other passages where the Greek words translated "in like manner" here, are used may be found in Matt, xxiii. 87, Luke xiii. 34, Acts vii. 25, and 2 Tim. iii. 8. Commenting on the latter passage, Meyer says: "The correlative does not necessarily place emphasis on the similarity of the manner of the act, but often only on the similarity of the act itself." A careful examination of the passages above referred to will lead unprejudiced students to make a stronger statement still, that the comparison is never one concerning the manner of the act, but concerning the act itself." (Homiletic Review)

  • The Parousia Reviewed - Have added about a dozen reviews lately (R.T. France, Tim LaHaye, etc); dozens to go... hundreds?


"In the late 1880s, the well-known anti-millennial critic J. Stuart Russell, who rejected the literal return of Christ, acknowledged in the Preface to his book Parousia that the medieval and modern Church have lost sight of the critical importance of the vital doctrine of the Second Coming of Christ that had motivated the early Church to turn their world upside down."

"One of the most interesting books in defense of the doctrine of preterism is The Parousia by J. Stuart Russell, first published anonymously in 1878.  This book has been republished from 1983 through 1999.  Russell's book strongly supports the full preterist theory that all prophecy was fulfilled by A.D. 70.  He suggests that the Second Coming and the rest of Revelation's prophecies were either fulfilled in the destruction of Jerusalem or they were fulfilled "spiritually."  Russell honestly admitted that his "explanation of the predictions of the New Testament, instead of relieving the difficulty, embarrasses and perplexes us more than ever."  Russell even acknowledged the objections of many orthodox Christians when they consider the preterist view that all of these powerful prophecies were fulfilled spiritually, without any observed historical events." (Triumphant Return: The Coming Kingdom of God, Google Books edition)


  • The Parousia Reviewed: The Spectator - Book Review of The Parousia,  Volume 52, 1879 "It is with great pleasure that we introduce this work to the notice of our readers. It is an attempt to subject the Eschatology of the New Testament—i.e., its teaching as to the final issues of Revelation—to a critical examination. This we consider to be one of the two questions which, at the present day, urgently demand a most careful investigation on the part of theologians"

  • Samuel Lee - Travels of Ibn Batuta with notes, illustrative of the history, geography, botany, antiquities occurring throughout the work (1829) Finally found!  Search title at location to read.



"First Century Chart" by Donald Hochner


(Photo: The Christian Post via Josh Byers)


Revelation: An Evangelical Symposium - Reno, NV - Saturday, Feb. 23, 2013Revelation: An Evangelical Symposium - Reno, NV - Saturday, Feb. 23, 2013


  • PuritanBoard: Discussing the "Two Age Model" "Do no preterists wish to offer their views? The two age model contradicts preterism. Preterism depends in part on interpreting some passages about a present age as referring to the age of the Old Covenant, which was to be ended with the destruction of Jerusalem."

 This Age / Age to Come Chart

ARTchive - Various Charts




  • American Presbyterian Church: The Second Coming and Preterism "Preterism is the heresy which teaches that all eschatological events prophesied in Scripture have been fulfilled in the siege and sacking of Jerusalem in 70 A.D. They maintain that all of Scripture, including the Book of Revelation, was written prior to that date. Now, if John wrote Revelation after 70 A.D. and the fall of Jerusalem, Preterism falls apart, is totally refuted, and absolutely found to be false."

  • Rev. Ron Cammenga: Creedal Ammillennialism (Professor of Theology at the Protestant Reformed Seminary) "The creeds are explicitly amillennial. The creeds leave no room for postmillennialism or premillennial-dispensationalism. No appeal can be made to the Reformed creeds in support of either of these heretical millennial positions. More than that, the Reformed creeds expressly repudiate the major tenets of both postmillennialism and premillennial-dispensationalism. On the basis of the creeds these teachings are judged as heretical. Those who hold to these teachings embrace false doctrine."



  • Al-Qaida linked fighters destroy "end of the world" gate in Timbuktu (2013) "World cultural body UNESCO was set to create a special fund to protect Mali's heritage on Tuesday after al-Qaida-linked Islamists attacked historic and religious landmarks in the city of Timbuktu for a third day, breaking down the door to a 15th century mosque that -- according to legend -- had to remain shut until the end of the world."

  • Herod the Great's Monumental Tomb "World history has anointed few with the epithet “the Great.” He masterminded and engineered the Jerusalem Temple – among the most magnificent temples in the ancient world; the fortress-complex at Masada – the most-visited site in Israel; Caesarea – in its day, the largest all-weather harbor built in the open sea; imposing cities, aqueducts and, finally, Herodium – the most spacious palace known to us in the Greco-Roman world before the common era."



"The fall of Jerusalem was not the end of the world but the start of a new age in salvation history."

Excerpt from Joseph Ratzinger's 1977 book: Eschatology (J.R. Became Pope Benedict XVI on 4/19/05) "After the prediction of the destruction of Jerusalem, another trio of texts - Matthew 24, 29-31; Mark 13,24-27 and Luke 21,25-28 -- speak of the Son of Man's return. So far as our problem is concerned, it is extremely important to note how these two aspects -- the imminent destruction of Jerusalem and the Parousia -- are temporally related." (p. 39)

(1977) "Recognizing the task of contemporary eschatology as "to marry perspectives, so that person and community, present and future, are seen in their unity," Joseph Ratzinger brings together recent emphasis on the theology of hope for the future with the more traditional elements of the doctrine."




  • Goodiebox - Realized Preterism Downloads "The church has partnered with WhitefieldMedia to make this collection of over 700 sermons available to our visitors. And we are offering all of this ABSOLUTELY FREE.… the first series released is a collection of 89 sermons entitled REALIZED PRETERISM by Dr. Kenneth G. Talbot."


  • Samuel Frost: This is Where Hyper Preterism Logically Goes (2013) "the fact is that no one, and I mean no one, ever attempted a more systematic treatment of modern Full Preterism than Max King’s The Cross and the Parousia of Christ. It still remains the largest volume ever written on the subject. Max was the first person in history to attempt a full-fledged consistent application of “all prophecy was fulfilled” by the time of A.D. 70. You can’t site J.S. Russell, Milton Terry, or Ernst Hampden-Cook (all 19th century writers). They were not Full Preterists. They were Preterists. Preterism has a long history. Full Preterism goes back to Max King in the late sixties."


  • Matthew Zolezzi Romero: Numismatics, Meteorology, and the Apocalypse (86 pages; 2011) Master Thesis at Point Loma Nazarene Univ. // "Revelation 13:15-17 describes a situation in which economic transactions were disrupted for Jews and Jewish Christians living in Palestine and Asia Minor, resulting in an economic crisis. This crisis found its roots in events prior to the destruction of the temple in 70 C.E., specifically to a series of numismatic reforms initiated by Nero. The author of Revelation, most likely a Jewish Christian, was describing the use of coins in Palestine and Asia Minor rather than prophesying future eschatological calamity."

Parallel passages, from a Preterist-Idealist POV:

Luke 21:20-24, "When you see Jerusalem surrounded by armies, then know that its desolation has come near. Then let those who are in Judea flee to the mountains, and let those who are inside the city depart, and let not those who are out in the country enter it, for these are days of vengeance, to fulfill all that is written." I Corinthians 10:13 "There hath no temptation taken you but such as is common to man: but God is faithful, who will not suffer you to be tempted above that ye are able; but will with the temptation also make a way to escape, that ye may be able to bear it."
Zechariah 14:8 "And in that day living waters will flow out of Jerusalem" John 7:38 "He who believes in Me, as the Scripture said, 'From his innermost being will flow rivers of living water.'"
Matthew 24:2 "And Jesus said unto them, See ye not all these things? verily I say unto you, There shall not be left here one stone upon another, that shall not be thrown down." Luke 20:18 "Whosoever shall fall upon that stone shall be broken; but on whomsoever it shall fall, it will grind him to powder."



  • The All-of-It Discourse: Evaluating the case for Preterism (2010) "People are commonly the most easily fooled with regards to the things they know the least about. Realistically for most people, eschatology is on the “things I am clueless about” list right above “smelting iron”. Due to the levels of general misunderstanding regarding eschatology, experts abound that claim to rightly explain eschatology, often with a newspaper in one hand and a bible in another, saying that the end is “just around the corner”.

  • The Destruction of Jerusalem Financed Roman Colosseum (2013) "Vespasian faced a serious deficit when he became emperor, but the spoils of war from Judea—the riches of the Temple treasury, the golden vessels from the Temple, the seized personal treasures of Jewish citizens and the sale of the Jewish captives themselves—provided enormous wealth for the emperor and the plundering army commanded by his son Titus. Thus did the conquest of Judea fund the most recognizable structure of imperial Rome." -Biblical Archaeology Society


  • Kevin Craig:  When Shall These Things Be - A Non Hyper Preterist Layman's Review (2004) "Second, the teachings of Ken Gentry, Gary DeMar, and other "partial" preterists are opening the door to "hyper" preterism. Most people who were once captivated by the writings of Hal Lindsey and Tim LaHaye have undergone a "paradigm shift" by accepting the preterist framework and rejecting dispensational futurism. Gentry and DeMar need to explain why Dispensationalists are wrong to claim that Matthew 24:30 and other such passages are talking about a future Second Coming, but the creeds and confessions are right to talk about a future Second Coming using those same texts."

     "Mathison's book really does nothing to counter this prophetic exegetical inertia. People like Ken Gentry, by espousing preterism and recommending Russell's book, have started a big snowball rolling down the hill, and then they say, "Ooops! That snowball shouldn't roll any further." Preterist inertia is very powerful. This is why Mathison and his contributors are finding their churches invaded by preterists. Mathison's book tries to counter this movement by saying little more than "I should point out that no snowball has thus far made it all the way down the mountain."





  • Samuel Frost: Romans 13 and the Day of the Lord (2013) "Paul plainly expected many ages and “generations” to come: “to Him is the glory in the assembly in Christ Jesus, to all the generations of the age of the ages. Amen” (Eph. 3:21). Does this sound like a man that expected his generation to be the final generation? Hardly."

  • Doug Cox: Recanting preterism: Abauzit, Townley, Desprez (2011) "Preterism has a long history of adherents who recanted. Here the works of three prominent men who embraced preterist or hyperpreterist views, but later recanted, are examined."

  • Joel Richardson - Preterism: The Marxist’s Favorite Theological Tool "In the end, Preterism is a decidedly acidic theological position that guts the Christian gospel of any eschatological hope. And while not all Preterists are necessarily Marxists, all of these Christo-Marxists are Preterists. Alert and discerning believers need to be aware of the tactics of these men. If a preacher stood in most pulpits and openly preached naked Communism, most of the people would rightly rise up and run the bugger out. So also must the people rise up and run the subversive influences of Preterism out of the Church."

  • 1/22/13: Bishop John Lightfoot, Preterism and the Westminster Confession - "A quick search on Todd Dennis’ site, The Preterist Archive, on John Lightfoot, will reveal that he was a strong preterist.  Lightfoot (1602-1675) was one of the principle Divines to put together the Westminster Confession of Faith.  On that site, Dennis provides one of his quotes:”

  • 1/19/13: In examining the evidence, it appears that Bob L. Ross of Pilgrim Publications has done the theological community a great disservice by censoring C.H. Spurgeon's review of James Stuart Russell's book, The Parousia. As a result, this review is missing from all digital versions of TSATT. In 1996, Ross acknowledged that this review existed, though he resented Spurgeon's willingness to interact with the preterist doctrine of Russell. If anyone has a hard copy of Spurgeon's October 1878 edition of "The Sword and the Trowel", please share scans of the appropriate pages to confirm this censorship.

  • 1/18/13: Jerry Springer "I am the father of the destruction of Western Civilization" Watch for yours truly representing in episode 669: "Unconventional Christian teachings". (September 09, 1993)

  • 1/13/13: Esdras 2, 4 Ezra - "The Clementine edition of the Vulgate (1590) has Liber tertius Esdrae and Liber quartus Esdrae, both of which are.. located after Revelation." ("IV Esdras".. followed upon the fall of Jerusalem in AD70) - Jacob M. Meyers

  • 1/13/13: The Second Coming in the Jefferson Bible "Does this mean that Thomas Jefferson believed that Jesus Christ would come again on Judgment Day, to judge the living and the dead, to separate "the sheep from the goats?" Nobody can know. Thomas Jefferson is dead. And was he a sheep or a goat?"

  • 1/12/13: Review: A Jew Among Romans - The Life of Josephus

  • 1/12/13: Stunning Find From Time of Jesus “From the Jewish point of view, the position is clear. It’s a first century synagogue, beautifully decorated, with pieces of art and an altar such has never been found in any other synagogue from that time. Never, ever,” Solana said.  From the Christian point of view, we cannot doubt that Jesus would have been there sometime. The first Christian communities used to gather in the synagogues. They were observant Jews. So it’s clear that the first generation of Christians used to gather there.”

  • 1/6/13: Congratulations to Sam Frost and Michael Mgw Miano for a successful and important debate. Clips are available on Facebook; DVDs on the way..

F.F. Bruce (1910–1990) Study Archive



Six Sermons on the Study of the Holy Scriptures

Plus Two Dissertations ; with an original Exposition of the Book of Revelation.

the second on the interpretation of prophecy generally, with an original exposition of the book of Revelation, shewing that the whole of that remarkable prophecy has long ago been fulfilled.

By the Rev. Samuel Lee
Arabic Professor Cambridge

(AND DON'T FORGET AD 312 or 135 or 79)

Dr. Martyn Lloyd-Jones "Christ is fulfilling the law on the cross, and unless you interpret the cross, and Christ's death upon it, in strict terms of the fulfilling of the law you have not the scriptural view of the death upon the cross."  (Studies in the Sermon on the Mount, p. 168)

AD70 Storyline Fundamentally Different


Fulfilled Prophecy Bibliography | FREE ONLINE BOOKS HERE | A Dictionary of the Writers on the Prophecies (PDF) | Works Relating to Jews in the New York Library (PDF) | All PDF Book Files Now in One Directory

"Not everything in heaven and earth is dreamt of in our philosophy" Hamlet: Act 1, Scene 5, Page 8

Vespasian Hearing from One of His Generals of the Taking of Jerusalem by Titus
By Lawrence Alma-Tadema

Preterism in A.D. 611 : Andrew of Caesarea - On Revelation 6:14b-17: "Our Lord foretold the future events to the apostles who were asking about the destruction of the Temple in Jerusalem and about the end of time, as much as they were able to receive. These things already happened, in the siege of Vespasian and Titus, to the Judeans who killed Christ, just as Josephus the Hebrew narrates."

Church-State Relations and the Book of Revelation
By Todd Dennis, Curator (Futurist: 1979-1996; Full Preterist: 1996-2006; Idealist: 2006-Forevermore)

"The work of James Stuart Russell in his book The Parousia is a great labor from a man of the experience of facing the system of the political and church combined operation. This political and church agreement is one of the main subjects of the book of Revelation and the whole gospel. The first century christian were facing the great Babylon. The 21 century christians are fighting with the same matter in a different situation. The new great Babylon is modern and systematic. They have the history as a mirror to look back and to avoid to make the same mistakes of the past. But in effect, as Christ confronted the system in his days the christians must fight the same. In this way the Apocalypse is repeated each time." Juan C. Peña Marrero - Bayamón, Puerto Rico.

Charles Schultz Says:

"Don't worry about the world coming to an end today. It's already tomorrow in Australia."

"the only real apocalypse is the personal one." (Echo's Answer)

The 17+ year archive project has no sponsors and sells no advertising ('buy the truth and sell it not').  If you have been blessed, please consider a donation to help its upkeep.  Prayers sought above donations.

Former Full Preterists

Sam Frost's "Why I Left Full Preterism" Book

AD70 Resurrection Fundamentally Different / The Best Eschatology is a Proper Christology

"Preterism's focus on the glory of Christ as He was revealed in that day is capable of bringing about another worldwide reformation, as it did during the Roman Millennium."

Recanting Full Preterism: Abauzit  Townley  Desprez - "(Full) Preterism has a long history of adherents who recanted. Here are examined the works of three prominent men who embraced preterist or hyperpreterist views, but later recanted." (Abauzit, Townley, Desprez)

Scholars differ on what the Bible says about the End Times (2009) "The only views that qualify as unorthodox are those that deny a future coming of Christ" - Russell D. Moore, senior vice president for academic administration and dean of the theology school at Southern Baptist Theological Seminary in Louisville, Ky. ['s classification for "Hyper Preterism" includes (quite reasonably) this doctrine of "The Second and Only Coming of Jesus in AD70"]

The (New) History of Full Preterism (.WMV) citation in Holman's Student Bible: The HCSB Bible

The Philip Mauro Library - 60 titles on one CD // The 27 Sieges of Jerusalem // Theology Explained

King James I (1588) "Of all the Scriptures, the buik of the Reuelatioun is maist meit for this our last age..  Iudge yif this be not ye tyme quhairof this place that I have maide chois of doeth meane, and sa ye dew tyme for the reueiling of this prophecie." (Ane fuitfull Meditatioun contening ane plane and facill exposition of ye 7,8,9 and 10 versis of the 20 Chap. of the Reuelatioun - Edinburgh)

Google Books | Bibliography of Judaism and Christianity | Rare Books at DTS | Book Search : Apocalypse | Turpin Library (DTS) Rare Online Books Collection

Administrative: Simple Classification and Color Schemes Given to Distinguish Between Forms of Fulfillment Eschatology: 

Futurism (F) - (No Fulfillment of Matt. 24/25 & Revelation in 1st C. - Types of Future Events Only)
Historical Preterism (HP) - (Minor Fulfillment of Matt. 24/25 or Revelation in Past)
Modern Preterism (MP) - (Major Fulfillment of Matt. 24/25 or Revelation in Past)

Hyper Preterism (HyP) - (Absolute Fulfillment of all Bible prophecy - Full Preterism and "Resurrection Past" Teachings; Full Preterism is systematized Hyper Preterism - All Full Preterism is Hyper Preterism, but not all Hyper Preterism is Full Preterism.) 

AD70 is awesome!  ..when used as a template of how Jesus has worked, is working, and will work.  When seen as a single working 2,000 years ago... not so much.

(AND DON'T FORGET AD 312 or 135 or 79)

Dr. Martyn Lloyd-Jones "Christ is fulfilling the law on the cross, and unless you interpret the cross, and Christ's death upon it, in strict terms of the fulfilling of the law you have not the scriptural view of the death upon the cross."  (Studies in the Sermon on the Mount, p. 168)

Free Online Books :

Adolph Hausrath
A History of the New Testament Times


"Near" / "close" / "at hand" in the Old Testament

My righteousness is near; My salvation went out; and My arms shall judge peoples; coastlands shall wait on Me, and they shall hope on My arm. (Isa 51:5 LITV)

Vengeance and retribution belong to Me; in due time their foot will slip; for the day of their calamity is near, and the things prepared are hurrying for them. (Deu 32:35 LITV)

Alas for the day! For the day of Jehovah is at hand. And it shall come as a destruction from the Almighty. (Joe 1:15 LITV)

Blow a ram's horn in Zion, and shout an alarm in My holy mountain. Let all those living in the land tremble. For the day of Jehovah approaches; it is near, (Joe 2:1 LITV)

For the day of Jehovah is near on all the nations: As you have done, it shall be done to you; your reward shall return on your head! (Oba 1:15 LITV)

The Philip Mauro Library - 60 titles on one CD // The 27 Sieges of Jerusalem // Theology Explained

King James I (1588) "Of all the Scriptures, the buik of the Reuelatioun is maist meit for this our last age..  Iudge yif this be not ye tyme quhairof this place that I have maide chois of doeth meane, and sa ye dew tyme for the reueiling of this prophecie." (Ane fuitfull Meditatioun contening ane plane and facill exposition of ye 7,8,9 and 10 versis of the 20 Chap. of the Reuelatioun - Edinburgh)

Emperor Titus "God co-operates with us. -- Their miseries, by your valor and God's assistance, are multiplied. Their factions, famine, siege, and the falling of their walls without a battery, do they not manifest that God is angry with them, and assists us?" (Jewish Wars, l. vi. c. 1. 5.)


New 18th Century Modern Preterist: The Hugely Influential Gregory Sharpe, Chaplain to King George III and "Master" of the famed Temple Church

ARTchive Churban

James Edson White - The Coming King (1911)

WHATSNEW 1996-97-98-99-00-01-02-03-04-05-06-07-08-09-10-11-12-13-14-15 || GUESTBOOK | ARTCHIVE

The Contribution of British Writers Between 1560 and 1830 to the Interpretation of Revelation 13.16-18 - Chapter Five : 1649-1660 - Henry Hammond and the Preterist School of Interpretation "This volume contained a brave but lonely attempt to introduce the preterist interpretation of the Book of Revelation to English soil.  Hammond laid great stress on the opening words of the Apocalypse in which  the book is said to contain 'things which must shortly come to pass.'  .. But those who argued for the preterist interpretation of the Book of Revelation.. were playing to empty galleries, until at least the fourth decade of the nineteenth century.  Their views were anything but popular and those who followed them could soon find themselves branded with the infamous mark of the papal beast."  Others who followed: Herbert Thorndike / "author of an anonymous tract on the Millennium published in 1693 ("Millennianism : or, Christ's Thousand Years Reign upon Earth, considered, in a Familiar Letter to a Friend")"  / Daniel Mace


Revelations of the Ancient World

Yahoo Group: Preterist Universalism
"Because Preterist thought and Universal Reconciliation in the accomplished work of our Lord Jesus Christ go hand in hand in such a beautiful way! "

An Unauthorized Look at the Christians United for Israel Tour "Are you looking forward to Armageddon?  I am!"
You can listen to "Bible Prophecy Fulfilled" on KGU 760am, on Saturday mornings at 11:00. Call in to join in the discussion. (808) 296-5467. That would be 2:00 pm PST in the spring, and 1:00 pm in the fall

WHATSNEW 1996-97-98-99-00-01-02-03-04-05-06-07-08-09-10-11-12-13-14-15 || GUESTBOOK | ARTCHIVE

Chilton's Days of Vengeance Back in Print! | The Last Days: Rethinking Bible Prophecy in the Light of History

Constantine the.. Pret!

: "I am filled with wonder at the intellectual greatness of the emperor, who as if by divine inspiration thus expressed what the prophets had foretold concerning this monster"


James Stuart Russell

  • The Parousia (1878)

    Full Preterist Millennium "violent and unnatural" "Some interpreters indeed attempt to get over the difficulty by supposing that the thousand years, being a symbolic number, may represent a period of very short duration, and so bring the whole within the prescribed apocalyptic limits; but this method of interpretation appears to us so violent and unnatural that we cannot hesitate to reject it. " (p. 514)

    Revelation 20:5-10 Still Unfulfilled "We must consequently regard this prediction of the loosing of Satan, and the events that follow, as still future, and therefore unfulfilled." (p. 523)


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